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  • CIO Ariete Main Battle Tank (MBT)


    The CIO Ariete Main Battle Tank is on par with other Western offerings and has seen production reach 200 examples for the Italian Army.

     Updated: 4/27/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    In 1984, the Italian concerns of OTO Melara and Iveco-FIAT came together to form CIO - "Consorzio Iveco Oto Melara". The goal of the parties was to develop three different modern battlefield systems sharing the maximum amount of automotive components to reduce cost and logistical support for the Italian Army in the long term. The result became the Dardo Infantry Fighting Vehicle, the Centauro 8x8 wheeled tank destroyer and the Ariete ("Battering Ram") Main Battle Tank. Sharing duties, OTO Melara served as the prime contractor overseeing design and engineering while supplying various components and Iveco-FIAT was charged with developing and manufacturing the required powerpack and related systems.

    The Ariete became a 60-ton vehicle fitted with a 1,275 horsepower V12 MTCA turbocharged diesel-fueled engine (coupled to an automatic transmission) sitting atop a torsion bar suspension system. Overall configuration of the MBT was standard with a four-man crew, the 120mm L44 smoothbore tank gun in a 360-degree traversing turret and the engine/transmission fitted to the rear. The track system was partially covered in side skirt armor and incorporated seven double-tired road wheels, a rear drive sprocket and a front-mounted track idler. The driver sat at the front-right of the hull with the commander, gunner and loader in the well-sloped turret. Self-defense was through 2 x 7.62mm machine guns - one fitted coaxially and the other along the turret roof for anti-aircraft defense. Performance indicated a road speed of 40 miles per hour with an operational range of 342 miles. 40 x 120mm projectiles were carried aboard for the main gun as was 2,400 x 7.62mm rounds of ammunition for the machine guns.


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    CIO Ariete Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1995
    Type: Main Battle Tank (MBT)
    National Origin: Italy
    Manufacturer(s): IVECO / Oto Melara - Italy
    Production: 200



    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)


    Operating Crew: 4
    Length: 31.73 feet (9.67 meters)
    Width: 11.81 feet (3.60 meters)
    Height: 8.20 feet (2.50 meters)

    Operating Weight: 60 tons (54,000 kg; 119,050 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: Yes
    Nightvision Equipment: Yes - Passive

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x IVECO V-12 MTCA 12-cylinder turbo-charged diesel developing 1,275 horsepower at 2,300rpm.

    Maximum Road Speed: 40 mph (65 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 342 miles (550 km)

    Armament and Ammunition


    1 x 120mm L44 smoothbore main gun
    1 x 7.62mm co-axial machine gun
    1 x 7.62mm anti-aircraft machine gun on turret roof.
    2 x 4 smoke dischargers

    Ammunition:
    40 x 120mm projectiles
    2,400 7.62mm ammunition
    8 x smoke grenades

    Global Operators / Customers


    Italy

    Model Variants


    Ariete - Base Series Designation