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    NORINCO Type 62 Light Tank

    The Chinese Type 62 light tank became a lighter-armed and armored version of the Type 59 Main Battle Tank.

     Updated: 2/28/2016; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    Yet another in the long line of NORINCO designs inspired by Soviet-era purchases, the Type 62 (classified as a "light tank") is nothing more than a base version of the Chinese Type 59 built for better off-road capabilities through lighter armament and armor protection. Thusly the system is ideal for both the Chinese Army and Marine units as either might find themselves having to traverse rugged terrain. The type has seen production numbers surpassing 2,000 examples with foreign use in Albania, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, North Korea, Sudan, Tanzania, Vietnam (also North Vietnam) and Zaire. The Type 62 was used in anger in the Vietnam War with poor results - nearly half of those in use were destroyed.

    The four-man system is armed with a relatively small caliber 85mm gun (some have been fitted with laser rangefinders) and self-defense machine guns in the form of two pintle-mounted 7.62mm and 12.7mm machine guns (the latter for anti-aircraft defense and manned by the loader) and a fixed co-axial 7.62mm machine gun mount. Smoke screening is accomplished - like most other early Chinese tank endeavors - by injecting raw diesel fuel into the exhaust system. Later improved production models make use of smoke grenade dischargers mounted onto the turret.

    The vehicle sports armor thickness from 15mm to 50mm, the latter along the turret facings. The turret (originally cast then welded plate) is rounded and oblong while the hull sports angled surfaces. The tracks run along the five road wheels to a side. Suspension is of the torsion bar variety. Primary armament is the Type 62-85TC rifled main gun of 85mm caliber. Forty-seven 85mm projectiles are afforded to the weapon. Power is supplied by a single 12150L-3 V-12 liquid-cooled diesel engine of 430 horsepower at 1,800rpm allowing for speeds of up to 60 km/h on road and 35 km/h cross country.

    The NORINCO tank was produced at 674 Factory and production ran from 1963 until 1989. The Type 62 saw combat in the 1959-1975 Vietnam War and the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War.

    As with most other armor systems the world over, the Type 62 chassis has been featured in a variety of other battlefield implements including an armored recovery vehicle, an engineering vehicle and an armored personnel carrier.

    Several hundred Type 62s remain in service with China, these being modernized types of their original production forms.

    NORINCO Type 62 Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1963
    Type: Light Tank
    National Origin: China
    Manufacturer(s): China NORth INdustries COmpany (NORINCO) - China
    Production: 2,454

    Design (Crew Space, Dimensions, Weight, and Systems)

    Operating Crew: 4
    Length: 25.92 feet (7.90 meters)
    Width: 9.38 feet (2.86 meters)
    Height: 7.38 feet (2.25 meters)

    Operating Weight: 23 tons (21,000 kg; 46,297 lb)

    Nuclear / Biological / Chemical Protection: None
    Nightvision Equipment: Optional

    Installed Power and Standard Road Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Liquid-cooled diesel engine developing 430 horsepower at 1,800rpm.

    Maximum Road Speed: 37 mph (60 km/h)
    Maximum Road Range: 311 miles (500 km)

    Armament and Ammunition

    1 x 85mm main gun
    1 x 12.7mm machine gun
    1 x 7.62mm coaxial machine gun
    1 x 7.62mm machine gun

    47 x 85mm projectiles
    1,250 x 12.7mm ammunition
    1,750 x 7.62mm ammunition

    Global Operators / Customers

    Albania; Bangladesh; Cambodia; China; Democratic Republic of Congo; Mali; North Korea; North Vietnam; Sudan; Tanzania; Vietnam; Zaire

    Model Variants

    Type 59-16 - Prototype Designation

    Type 62 (WZ132) - Base production model

    Type 62 (APC) - Armored Personnel Carrier conversion.

    Type 62 (engineer) - Battlefield Engineering Vehicle.

    Type 62 (ARV) - Armored Recovery Vehicle

    Type 62 (SPG) - Self-Propelled Gun conversion.

    Type 62-I (WZ132-1) - Upgraded Type 62; 85mm 85TC rifled main gun; shielded 12.7mm gun installation; external laser range finder.

    Type 62-I (late) - hull side skirts; turret storage racks.

    Type 62G - Improved Type 62; welded flate-plate turret; inproved armor protection; 8 x smoke grenade dischargers; night vision; fire-control system.

    Type 70 - Rebuilt Type 62 models; improved fire control system; subtle revisions; improvements from previous Type 62 models.

    Type 79 - Proposed Armored Recovery Vehicle

    GJT 211 - Bulldozer conversion model

    Type 82 / GSL 131 - Mine Clearing Vechicle based on the GJT 211.

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