Military Factory
Military Factory

Towed Artillery

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 4/21/2014

Since the first projectile was launched at an enemy in warfare, artillery has proven a critical component to battlefield success.

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There are a total of 123 Towed Artillery Pieces in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1916
10.5-cm leFH 16
When the once-fluid fronts of World War 1 degraded into trench warfare, all sides sought methods for dislodging the entrenche...
Thumbnail picture of the 10.5-cm leFH 16

1944
10.5-cm leFH 18/40
The 10.5-cm leFH 18/40 light howitzer appeared alongside the existing leFH 18 and the leFH 18M series of 105mm field howitzer...
Thumbnail picture of the 10.5-cm leFH 18/40

1950
100mm KS-19
Before the arrival of surface-to-air, anti-aircraft missiles, nations depended on simple artillery-based guns to protect airs...
Thumbnail picture of the 100mm KS-19

1944
100mm Model 1944 (BS-3)
The field gun has long remained a staple of any successful land force. Napoleon utilized his pieces with excellent results wh...
Thumbnail picture of the 100mm Model 1944 (BS-3)

1942
12.8cm FlaK 40
The 128mm FlaK 40 was one of the largest anti-aircraft weapon systems employed by the Germans in World War 2. Design of the t...
Thumbnail picture of the 12.8cm FlaK 40

1940
120mm Gun M1
The advent of aircraft as effective tools of war in World War 1 prompted the need for ground-based artillery to track and ult...
Thumbnail picture of the 120mm Gun M1

1963
122mm Model 1963 (D-30)
The D-30 122mm howitzer became the standard Soviet artillery battlefield system, replacing the aging M-30 (M1938) 122mm howit...
Thumbnail picture of the 122mm Model 1963 (D-30)

1950
130mm Air Defense Gun KS-30
Developed in the latter part of the 1940s, the KS-30 130mm Air Defense Gun was utilized by the Soviet military to counter the...
Thumbnail picture of the 130mm Air Defense Gun KS-30

1954
130mm Model 1954 (M-46)
The M-46 (formal designation of "130mm Towed Field Gun M1954) was a Soviet Cold War-era battlefield implement designed to ful...
Thumbnail picture of the 130mm Model 1954 (M-46)

1937
152mm Model 1937 (ML-20)
The Russian Empire held a working relationship with French military industry prior to World War 1. This led to development of...
Thumbnail picture of the 152mm Model 1937 (ML-20)

1943
152mm Model 1943 (D-1)
As barrel rifling and efficient recoil and breech mechanisms became widely accepted, national armies began development and ad...
Thumbnail picture of the 152mm Model 1943 (D-1)

1955
152mm Model 1955 (D-20)
The M1955 was developed in the 1950's to late to be deployed in the Great Patriotic War 1939-1945. However this howitzer has ...
Thumbnail picture of the 152mm Model 1955 (D-20)

2002
155mm Panter (Panther)
Many modern armies revolve around the tried-and-true doctrine of strong artillery and air support to accompany the spearhead ...
Thumbnail picture of the 155mm Panter (Panther)

1917
15cm Kanone 16 (15cm K16)
Field guns of all types were used by all sides in World War 1 in an attempt to break down fortifications and dislodge enemy ...
Thumbnail picture of the 15cm Kanone 16 (15cm K16)

1938
15cm Kanone 18 (15cm K18)
The 15cm Kanone 18 series of long-barreled heavy artillery was developed during the German military build-up of the 1930s. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the 15cm Kanone 18 (15cm K18)

1939
15cm Kanone 39 (15cm K39)
There proved two major artillery manufacturers for the German Army throughout both World wars, these being Krupp and Rheinmet...
Thumbnail picture of the 15cm Kanone 39 (15cm K39)

1941
15cm Nebelwerfer 41 (15cm NbW 41)
Rocket design work by German engineers persisted throughout the 1920s and 1930s, leading to adoption of several rocket-projec...
Thumbnail picture of the 15cm Nebelwerfer 41 (15cm NbW 41)

1914
15cm sFH 13 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 13)
The sFH 13 series heavy field howitzer was of German origin and saw combat throughout World War 1 and even into World War 2. ...
Thumbnail picture of the 15cm sFH 13 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 13)

1933
15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18)
The 15-cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18 (sFH 18) became the standard 149mm howitzer for German Army divisions of World War 2 (1939-...
Thumbnail picture of the 15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18)

1941
17cm Kanone 18 (17cm K18)
Adolf Hitler and his Germany had always held a fondness for big, powerful weapons and heavy howitzers proved no exception. A ...
Thumbnail picture of the 17cm Kanone 18 (17cm K18)

1955
180mm Gun S-23 (180mm Nywka C-23)
The S-23 was a heavy gun to be used in Europe if the Cold War got hot. It was available to Soviet allies and operations were...
Thumbnail picture of the 180mm Gun S-23 (180mm Nywka C-23)

1932
203mm Howitzer Model 1931 (B-4)
The Soviet Army of World War 2 showcased a variety of large-caliber, heavy field guns during its march on Berlin. The most po...
Thumbnail picture of the 203mm Howitzer Model 1931 (B-4)

1918
21cm / 24cm Paris-Geschutz (Paris Gun)
The "Paris Gun" was one of Germany's several "big guns" featured during World War 1. It was originally a 380mm gun barrel (38...
Thumbnail picture of the 21cm / 24cm Paris-Geschutz (Paris Gun)

1942
21cm Nebelwerfer 42 (21cm NbW 42)
The 21-cm Nebelwerfer 42 (translating to "smoke-thrower" or "smoke launcher" and also known under the shortened designation ...
Thumbnail picture of the 21cm Nebelwerfer 42 (21cm NbW 42)

1940
25mm Air Defense Gun 72-K (M1940)
The Soviets had signed a secret non-aggregation pact with Nazi Germany on August 23rd, 1939 that came to be known as the "Tre...
Thumbnail picture of the 25mm Air Defense Gun 72-K (M1940)

1975
2A36 Giatsint-B (Hyacinth)
Beginning in the late 1960s, the Soviet engineers began design and development of a new 152mm towed field gun. Following the ...
Thumbnail picture of the 2A36 Giatsint-B (Hyacinth)

1987
Thumbnail picture of the 2A65 Msta-B

1935
2cm FlaK 30
The manufacturing automotive and defense firm of Rheinmetall-Borsig was given a defense contract by the German government to ...
Thumbnail picture of the 2cm FlaK 30

1911
30.5cm Belagerungsmorser (Schlanke Emma)
While much of the heavy artillery fanfare of World War 1 (1914-1918) goes to the German Empire's "Big Bertha" and similar hea...
Thumbnail picture of the 30.5cm Belagerungsmorser (Schlanke Emma)

1943
30cm Nebelwerfer 42 (30cm NbW 42)
The 30cm Nebelwerfer 42 (NbW 42) was another German-designed and developed rocket projector of World War 2 (1939-1945), large...
Thumbnail picture of the 30cm Nebelwerfer 42 (30cm NbW 42)

1932
40mm Bofors
Along with the Swiss 20mm Oerlikon, the Swedish 40mm Bofors became one of the most successful light anti-aircraft weapons of ...
Thumbnail picture of the 40mm Bofors

1914
42cm Type M-Gerat 14 L/12 (Big Bertha)
The Big Bertha was a German initiative set into action before World War 1 (1914-1918). The Germans, like their counterparts i...
Thumbnail picture of the 42cm Type M-Gerat 14 L/12 (Big Bertha)

1937
45mm Model 1937 (53-K)
During its modernization initiative of the 1930s, the Soviet Army purchased a batch of the German Rheinmetall 37mm Anti-Tank ...
Thumbnail picture of the 45mm Model 1937 (53-K)

1942
45mm Model 1942 (M-42)
As the effectiveness of the Soviet 45mm anti-tank gun Model 1937 dwindled in the face of newer German tank offerings, it was ...
Thumbnail picture of the 45mm Model 1942 (M-42)

1936
5cm FlaK 41
During World War 2 (1939-1945), ground-based Anti-Aircraft (AA) defense ranged across several established "layers" and guns o...
Thumbnail picture of the 5cm FlaK 41

1915
6-Inch 26 cwt
The 6-inch 26 cwt howitzer was developed during World War 1 and was still in service at the beginning of World War 2. These w...
Thumbnail picture of the 6-Inch 26 cwt

1932
7.5cm leichtes Infanteriegeschutz 18
While no longer a major component of today's infantry units, the infantry support gun was a battlefield staple since the adve...
Thumbnail picture of the 7.5cm leichtes Infanteriegeschutz 18

1916
7.7cm Feldkanone 16 (FK16)
The Imperial German Army adopted the 7.7cm FK 96 field gun in 1896 though this system was almost immediately made obsolete wi...
Thumbnail picture of the 7.7cm Feldkanone 16 (FK16)

1896
7.7cm Feldkanone 96 (FK96)
Artillery firepower still reigned supreme over the battlefields of World War 1 despite the arrival of the aircraft and the "t...
Thumbnail picture of the 7.7cm Feldkanone 96 (FK96)

1939
76mm Divisional Gun Model 1939 (M1939) (F-22 USV / USV / 76-36)
The 76mm Divisional Gun M1939 was developed to replace the 76mm Divisional Gun M1936 (F-22) system of similar scope in the So...
Thumbnail picture of the 76mm Divisional Gun Model 1939 (M1939) (F-22 USV / USV / 76-36)

1934
8.8cm FlaK 18 / FlaK 36 / FlaK 37 (German 88)
After World War 1 concluded in the armistice of November of 1918, the German Empire was held largely to blame by the victorio...
Thumbnail picture of the 8.8cm FlaK 18 / FlaK 36 / FlaK 37 (German 88)

1943
8.8cm FlaK 41
Leading up to World War 2, no other nation was seemingly on the same technological edge as the Germans who spent years prior ...
Thumbnail picture of the 8.8cm FlaK 41

1939
85mm Air Defense Gun Model 1939 (M1939) (KS-12 / 52-K)
Throughout the 1930s, aircraft development was evolving by leaps and bounds across the world. As such, air defense forces of ...
Thumbnail picture of the 85mm Air Defense Gun Model 1939 (M1939) (KS-12 / 52-K)

1944
85mm Air Defense Gun Model 1944 (M1944) (KS-18)
The 85mm M1944 air defense gun (or "Model 1944" and also known as "KS-18") was nothing more than the original M1939 platform ...
Thumbnail picture of the 85mm Air Defense Gun Model 1944 (M1944) (KS-18)

1946
85mm Model 1946 (D-44)
The Soviet counter offenses against German positions during World War 2 (1939-1945) placed a premium on quality, effective fi...
Thumbnail picture of the 85mm Model 1946 (D-44)

1950
AZP S-60
The S-60 was designed primarily as a 57mm single-barreled, towed, anti-aircraft defense system. The gun was developed in the...
Thumbnail picture of the AZP S-60

1935
Cannone da 47/32 M35
Based on an original Austrian design (by Bohler), the Cannone da 47/32 M35 was an Italian licensed-produced, local copy of th...
Thumbnail picture of the Cannone da 47/32 M35

1913
Cannone da 65/17 modello 13
In 1913, the Italian Army adopted a 65mm towed mountain gun artillery system intended for its specially trained mountain infa...
Thumbnail picture of the Cannone da 65/17 modello 13

1906
Cannone da 75/27 modello 06
Prior to World War 1, the Italian Army obtained a license production deal with the German concern of Krupp, makers of many ty...
Thumbnail picture of the Cannone da 75/27 modello 06

1977
Canon 155mm L33 Modelo Argentino
A conventional large-caliber artillery piece by all accounts, the 155mm L33 modello Argentino towed field gun was in developm...
Thumbnail picture of the Canon 155mm L33 Modelo Argentino

1913
Canon de 105 mle 1913 Schneider (L13S)
The Canon de 105 mle 1913 Schneider was a French artillery development with origins in a Russian Army 107mm design. Prior to ...
Thumbnail picture of the Canon de 105 mle 1913 Schneider (L13S)

1917
Canon de 155 C modele 1917 Schneider
The Canon de 155 C modele 1917 Schneider was a standardized French Army heavy field howitzer receiving its baptism of fire in...
Thumbnail picture of the Canon de 155 C modele 1917 Schneider

1917
Canon de 155 GPF mle 1917
Looking to fulfill a long-range heavy artillery requirement during World War 1 (1914-1918), the French undertook development ...
Thumbnail picture of the Canon de 155 GPF mle 1917

1897
Canon de 75 modele 1897
One of the finest artillery pieces of her time and the first "true" modern artillery system adopted by a national army was th...
Thumbnail picture of the Canon de 75 modele 1897

1983
Denel G5 155mm
During much of the Cold War, apartheid reigned in South Africa. This official policy movement - with origins in colonial time...
Thumbnail picture of the Denel G5 155mm

1813
Dutch Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun
Field guns were increasingly used throughout much of the modern world by the time of Napoleon's conquests. The Emperor made f...
Thumbnail picture of the Dutch Bronze 6-Pounder Field Gun

1993
Thumbnail picture of the FH-2000

1988
FH-88
With its adoption in 1988, the FH-88 series of 155mm field howitzer became the first indigenously designed and produced artil...
Thumbnail picture of the FH-88

1936
Krupp K5 (Anzio Annie)
During World War 1, the Krupp concern - a German industrial steel and weapons manufacturer - produced large caliber railway g...
Thumbnail picture of the Krupp K5 (Anzio Annie)

1976
L118 Light Gun (Gun, 105mm, Field, L118)
The L118 "Light Gun" is the 105mm howitzer of choice for the British Army and has served its Parachute and Commando Field Art...
Thumbnail picture of the L118 Light Gun (Gun, 105mm, Field, L118)

1944
Little David
In 1944, the United States War Department was planning for the invasion of the Japanese mainland and expecting to encounter v...
Thumbnail picture of the Little David

1927
M1 Pack Howitzer / M116
The M1A1 Pack Howitzer was the standard howitzer for American forces in World War 2. The Pack design actually traced its root...
Thumbnail picture of the M1 Pack Howitzer / M116

1941
M114 155mm (155mm Howitzer M1)
Prior to its use of the M198 howitzer of 1979, the United States military (and many of its allies) relied on the World War 2-...
Thumbnail picture of the M114 155mm (155mm Howitzer M1)

1940
M115 (8-Inch Howitzer M1)
As with World War 1 decades before, World War 2 itself was a war of big guns and the United States committed much work to thi...
Thumbnail picture of the M115 (8-Inch Howitzer M1)

1918
M1918 155 GPF
The 155mm (6.10 in) field gun was originally designed and built by France during World War I under the direction of one Colo...
Thumbnail picture of the M1918 155 GPF

1953
M21 4.5in (114mm) Rocket Launcher
The portable mass rocket launcher was realized in World War 2 with the Allies, Germans and Soviets all utilizing some form of...
Thumbnail picture of the M21 4.5in (114mm) Rocket Launcher

1943
M3 (105mm Howitzer M3)
World War 2 gave rise to the airborne trooper - light infantry airdropped into enemy territory for the purpose of lightning-q...
Thumbnail picture of the M3 (105mm Howitzer M3)

1940
M3 37mm AT
Even before World War 2, the United States Army had already begun development of an anti-tank gun. The system was required to...
Thumbnail picture of the M3 37mm AT

1943
M45 Quadmount (Maxson)
As Allied forces continued their march against Berlin in the West of Europe during World War 2 (1939-1945), the need grew for...
Thumbnail picture of the M45 Quadmount (Maxson)

1939
M59 (M2 Long Tom)
When the American military went to Europe in World War 1 in 1917 they were in short supply of just about any war-making imple...
Thumbnail picture of the M59 (M2 Long Tom)

2006
M777 UFH
The M777 "Ultra-lightweight Field Howitzer" (UFH) was developed as a private venture (under Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineer...
Thumbnail picture of the M777 UFH

1841
Model 1841 6-Pounder (Gun)
The United States Army adopted a new standardized 6-pounder field gun in 1841 as the aptly-designated Model 1841. The weapon'...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1841 6-Pounder (Gun)

1841
Model 1841 6-Pounder (Howitzer)
The United States Army adopted the Model 1841 6-pounder field gun in 1841 and this weapon system consequently went on to see ...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1841 6-Pounder (Howitzer)

1853
Model 1853 12-Pounder Napoleon
The French Army enjoyed success through the service life of the revolutionary Model 1853 "Napoleon" 12-Pounder field gun (kno...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1853 12-Pounder Napoleon

1857
Model 1857 12-Pounder Napoleon
War planners of the American Civil War were not lost on the value of artillery in their respective campaigns involving the No...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1857 12-Pounder Napoleon

1861
Model 1861 10-Pounder Parrott Rifle
Prior to the American Civil War (1861-1865), Robert Parker Parrott served as a captain in the US Army. From this experience, ...
Thumbnail picture of the Model 1861 10-Pounder Parrott Rifle

1943
MT-13 (M1943)
The mortar as a weapon is one dating back to about the 12th Century or perhaps even earlier and most always credited to the C...
Thumbnail picture of the MT-13 (M1943)

1918
Navy Gun Car 14-Inch
The Navy Gun Car mounted a single ex-U.S. Navy 14" (360mm) /50 caliber main gun to an armored railway car. Some thirteen such...
Thumbnail picture of the Navy Gun Car 14-Inch

1941
Ordnance BL 5.5-inch
During World War 1, British and Commonwealth artillery regiments relied on their trusted BL 6-inch 26 cwt series medium field...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance BL 5.5-inch

1943
Ordnance QF 17-pounder
With full scale war across Europe in full swing, the battle tank was the forefront of any offensive armored spearhead. As the...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance QF 17-pounder

1930
Ordnance QF 25-pounder
The British QF 25 pounder (or 25-pdr) was the gun of choice for various nations before, during and after World War Two. From ...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance QF 25-pounder

1936
Ordnance QF 2-pounder
The rather promising Ordnance QF 2-pounder anti-tank gun suffered historically from entering operational service at a time wh...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance QF 2-pounder

1942
Ordnance QF 6-pounder
The Ordnance QF 2-pdr anti-tank gun was barely adequate for tackling German tank armor at the start of World War 2. However, ...
Thumbnail picture of the Ordnance QF 6-pounder

1936
PaK 35/36 (PanzerAbwehrKanone 35/36)
The 3.7-cm PaK 35/36 ("PaK" for "PanzerAbwehrKanone") was the standard-issue anti-tank cannon of the Wehrmacht by the time of...
Thumbnail picture of the PaK 35/36 (PanzerAbwehrKanone 35/36)

1940
PaK 38 (PanzerAbwehrKanone 38)
While the 37mm PaK 35/36 anti-tank cannon proved a success during its trial in the Spanish Civil War, German authorities knew...
Thumbnail picture of the PaK 38 (PanzerAbwehrKanone 38)

1941
PaK 40 (PanzerAbwehrKanone 40)
By 1939, the German Army had already matched current battlefield conditions with their design and development of the PaK 38 5...
Thumbnail picture of the PaK 40 (PanzerAbwehrKanone 40)

1944
Projector, Rocket 3-inch, No 8 Mk 1 (Land Mattress)
Compared to the Germans and the Soviets, the British (along with the Americans) were late in developing useful portable rocke...
Thumbnail picture of the Projector, Rocket 3-inch, No 8 Mk 1 (Land Mattress)

1920
Rock Island Arsenal M101
The first prototype was the M1 developed in 1920 by the Rock Island Arsenal. After long trials the M1 was replaced by the M2 ...
Thumbnail picture of the Rock Island Arsenal M101

1964
Rock Island Arsenal M102
In 1955 the US Army issued a requirement for a new towed light howitzer to replace the M101 which was the same basic design d...
Thumbnail picture of the Rock Island Arsenal M102

1989
Rock Island Arsenal M119
The 105mm M119 was originally designed, developed, and built by the Royal Ordnance Factories of Nottingham, England, as the L...
Thumbnail picture of the Rock Island Arsenal M119

1979
Rock Island Arsenal M198
The medium size M198 replaced the well reguarded M114 that was developed in the 1930's. A continuing need to upgrade howitze...
Thumbnail picture of the Rock Island Arsenal M198

2005
SLWH Pegasus (Singapore Light Weight Howitzer)
With a growing indigenous military arms industry, Singapore began development of a light 155mm howitzer to produce the Singap...
Thumbnail picture of the SLWH Pegasus (Singapore Light Weight Howitzer)

1975
Thumbnail picture of the Soltam M-71

1946
T8 90mm AT
The 90mm Gun T8 was a proposed towed Anti-Tank (AT) gun system intended for service with the United States Army. Its developm...
Thumbnail picture of the T8 90mm AT

1942
Type 1 47mm Anti-Tank Gun
The Japanese military was ultimately delivered a series of shortcomings that became readily apparent as World War 2 progresse...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 1 47mm Anti-Tank Gun

1905
Type 38 75mm
The Type 38 Field Gun of the Imperial Japanese Army held origins dating back to a German Krupp design. Local-license producti...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 38 75mm

1939
Type 55 (M1939)
The M1939 37mm anti aircraft weapon system is based on the Bofors 25mm Model 1933 gun system of 1935. It saw extensive action...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 55 (M1939)

1954
Type 59 (Field Gun)
The Type 59 is a Chinese license-production copy of the successful Soviet M-46 (also known as the M1954 to the West). It is p...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 59 (Field Gun)

1963
Type 63 MLRS
During the 1960s, China followed suit with other national powers and adopted a towed artillery projector system inspired by i...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 63 MLRS

1932
Type 90 75mm
The Type 90 was intended as a standardized 75mm field gun for the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) heading into World War 2 (1939...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 90 75mm

1932
Thumbnail picture of the Type 91 100mm

1941
ZiS-2 (M1941 / M1943)
Like other global military armies of World War 2, the Soviet Army eventually adopted an anti-tank gun in 57mm caliber. Howeve...
Thumbnail picture of the ZiS-2 (M1941 / M1943)

1942
ZiS-3 (M1942)
One of the key pieces of field artillery available to the Soviet Army during World War 2 (1939-1945) was the "76mm (76.2mm) D...
Thumbnail picture of the ZiS-3 (M1942)

1949
ZPU-1
Development of the ZPU-1 began after World War 2 in 1947. The ZPU-1 was nothing more than a single-barreled version of the su...
Thumbnail picture of the ZPU-1

1949
ZPU-2
Experience in World War 2 (1939-1945) led the Soviet Army to developing small, portable anti-aircraft gun systems centered ar...
Thumbnail picture of the ZPU-2

1949
ZPU-4
The ZPU-4 anti-aircraft gun was developed in the post-war Soviet Union, seeing official production service in 1949. The towed...
Thumbnail picture of the ZPU-4