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    Anti-Aircraft Vehicles

    Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 2/16/2016

    Since the advent of military aircraft there has been a need for mobile ground-based defense, arriving in the form of the Anti-Aircraft Vehicle.





    There are a total of (68) Anti-Aircraft Vehicles in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below by initial year of service descending. Flag images indicative of country of origin. Those primary vehicles, whose chassis form the basis of a self-propelled anti-aircraft defense system, are also included in this listing (like the AMX-13, Chieftain and Challenger 1 tanks). Anti-Aircraft Guns (towed and otherwise) are kept in a separate listing to be found here. Man-portable anti-aircraft systems are showcased here.




    2017
    Bavar-373 (Belief)
    At one point Iran was slated to acquire Russia's advanced S-300 (NATO: SA-10 "Grumble") air defense ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Bavar-373 (Belief)

    2016
    Bumerang (Boomerang)
    During the Cold War decades, the Soviet Army championed use of multi-axle armor wheeled vehicles amo... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Bumerang (Boomerang)

    2016
    50R6 Vityaz (S-350E)
    As faster and higher flying American bombers and spyplanes began to appear throughout the 1950s and ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the 50R6 Vityaz (S-350E)

    2007
    SA-21 (Growler) / S-400 Triumf
    The modern Russian military has made tremendous strides since the fall of the Soviet Empire - indeed... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-21 (Growler) / S-400 Triumf

    2003
    KTO Rosomak
    The KTO Rosomak ("Wolverine") is a family of multi-purpose, eight-wheeled, armored vehicles currentl... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the KTO Rosomak

    2003
    SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1
    With ever-increasing capabilities being found in existing and next generation aircraft comes a despe... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1

    1999
    NORINCO Type 95 (PGZ95)
    In 1999, the Chinese debuted their "Type 95" Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery (SPAAA) system a... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 95 (PGZ95)

    1997
    G6 Marksman
    The G6 Marksman is a Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) system combining the chassis of the So... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the G6 Marksman

    1995
    PT-91 Twardy
    The Main Battle Tank of the Polish Army is the PT-91 "Twardy", developed from the popular Soviet-era... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the PT-91 Twardy

    1989
    Oerlikon ADATS
    The Canadian ADATS ("Air Defense Anti-Tank System"), a Western product of the later Cold War period,... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Oerlikon ADATS

    1989
    HMMWV Avenger
    The Humvee Avenger is a modified form of the M1037 shelter carrier Humvee. It is a short-range mobi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the HMMWV Avenger

    1987
    Type 87 SPAAG
    The Type 87 SPAAG is a conventional tracked, self-propelled, anti-aircraft gunnery platform indigeno... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 87 SPAAG

    1987
    OTO-Melara Otomatic ADT (Air Defence Tank)
    At one point in the 1980s the Italian concern of OTO-Melara attempted to sell the Army (and any inte... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the OTO-Melara Otomatic ADT (Air Defence Tank)

    1986
    SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant)
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-12 (Gladiator / Giant)

    1985
    HMMWV (High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle) / (Humvee)
    Aside from the M1 Abrams, perhaps no other American armored vehicle has represented the American Arm... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the HMMWV (High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle) / (Humvee)

    1983
    Challenger 1
    The original combat "tank" was born out of the fighting that was World War 1. However, these were ha... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Challenger 1

    1983
    Land Rover Defender 110
    The Defender 110 is produced by the British Land Rover Company for military use. The British Army an... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Land Rover Defender 110

    1983
    BNCFM SIBMAS
    Emerging from BN Constructions Ferroviaries et Metalliques (BNCFM) of Belgium during the mid-1970s w... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the BNCFM SIBMAS

    1982
    SA-19 Grisom / 2K22 Tunguska
    The 2K22 "Tunguska" (NATO codename of SA-19 "Grisom") is a self-propelled, tracked air defense syste... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-19 Grisom / 2K22 Tunguska

    1981
    MIM-104 Patriot
    The MIM-104 "Patriot" air defense missile system became a household name when it appeared on the glo... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the MIM-104 Patriot

    1981
    M247 Sergeant York
    In the latter part of the 1970s, the United States Army required the services of a self-propelled, t... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M247 Sergeant York

    1981
    Rheinmetall Landsysteme Condor
    The Condor is a Light Armored Vehicle (LAV) appearing in West Germany during the Cold War (1947-1991... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Rheinmetall Landsysteme Condor

    1980
    AAI Rapid Deplyment / Force Light Tank (RDF / LT)
    In 1980, the Soviet Empire still remained the enemy of the day for America and her allies. As such, ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the AAI Rapid Deplyment / Force Light Tank (RDF / LT)

    1980
    Shahine SAM
    The Shahine Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system was a French development of the "Crotale" SAM series... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Shahine SAM

    1979
    SA-11 (Gadfly) / 9K37 Buk
    The vast airspace over the Russian frontier and the combat-ready atmosphere of the Cold War required... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-11 (Gadfly) / 9K37 Buk

    1979
    SA-13 (Gopher) / 9K35 Strela-10
    The 9K35 "Strela-10" was developed by Soviet engineers to replace the 1960s-era 9K31 Strela-1 line (... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-13 (Gopher) / 9K35 Strela-10

    1978
    Crotale SAM
    The Crotale missile defence system can be fitted on a variety of chassis types and launched against ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Crotale SAM

    1978
    SA-10 (Grumble) / S-300
    The S-300 (NATO designation and codename of SA-10 "Grumble) is a long-range surface-to-air missile s... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-10 (Grumble) / S-300

    1977
    Panhard ERC 90
    The French concerns of Renault and Panhard submitted designs to fulfill a 1970s French Army requirem... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Panhard ERC 90

    1976
    Denel Rooikat (Caracal / Red Cat)
    Lessons learned in South Africa's involvement during the Angolan Civil War (1975-2002) were implemen... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Denel Rooikat (Caracal / Red Cat)

    1974
    Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer)
    The Gepard Flakpanzer, a tracked, Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) platform arriving from We... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer)

    1973
    VTT-323 (M1973 Sinhung)
    When the North Korean Army needed an armored personnel carrier, they turned to what they do best - l... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the VTT-323 (M1973 Sinhung)

    1972
    SA-8 (Gecko) / 9K33 OSA
    To contend with ever-improving, more agile low-altitude aircraft emerging from the West during the C... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-8 (Gecko) / 9K33 OSA

    1970
    SA-6 (Gainful) / 2K12 Kub
    Design work on the 2K12 "Kub" system began in 1959 under the direction of NIIP/Vympel (for the missi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-6 (Gainful) / 2K12 Kub

    1969
    M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS)
    The M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) mated the firepower of the United States Air Force's stand... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS)

    1969
    M727 Hawk
    The M727 is a tracked carrier vehicle designed to transport the Hawk guided missile system (known co... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M727 Hawk

    1969
    M730 Chaparral
    The M48 Chaparral SAM system consists of an infrared heat seeking missile, a launcher with a Forward... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M730 Chaparral

    1968
    MT-LB (M1970)
    World War 2 warfare instilled on the Soviet Army the need for a very mobile armored force. After the... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the MT-LB (M1970)

    1968
    SA-9 (Gaskin) / 9K31 Strela-1
    The SA-9 (NATO codename of "Gaskin" and formally designated by the Russians as the 9K31 Strela-1) wa... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-9 (Gaskin) / 9K31 Strela-1

    1967
    SA-5 (Gammon) / S-200
    Because of advancements in Western aircraft regarding speed and operating altitudes, the Soviet Unio... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-5 (Gammon) / S-200

    1966
    BRDM-2
    The BRDM-2 primarily served as an armored scout car with the Soviet Army during the height of the Co... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the BRDM-2

    1965
    ZSU-23-4 (Shilka)
    The ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" system has been - and in many examples continues to be - a much-feared anti-ai... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the ZSU-23-4 (Shilka)

    1965
    Chieftain MBT
    The original Centurion Main Battle Tank (A41) of 1945 was a hugely successful British Army initiativ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Chieftain MBT

    1963
    NORINCO Type 63 SPAAG
    The Type 63 was a self-propelled, tracked anti-aircraft defense system produced by NORINCO of China.... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the NORINCO Type 63 SPAAG

    1961
    SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora
    With more nimble and advanced aircraft emerging from the West during the Cold War decades, it fell t... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora

    1960
    MIM-46 Mauler
    The MIM-46 "Mauler" was an ill-fated attempt at a tracked mobile surface to air missile defense syst... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the MIM-46 Mauler

    1959
    M53/59 Praga
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M53/59 Praga

    1957
    SA-2 (Guideline) / S-75 Dvina
    The original SA-2 Guideline design was engineered to track down and destroy the less-maneuverable hi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SA-2 (Guideline) / S-75 Dvina

    1955
    ZSU-57-2
    The ZSU-57-2 served the Red Army of the Soviet Union throughout the bulk of the Cold War years. Howe... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the ZSU-57-2

    1952
    AMX-13
    The AMX-13 Light Tank was designed to a new post-World War 2 French Army requirement. In the post-wa... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the AMX-13

    1952
    M42 (Duster)
    The United States went to war in Korea in 1950 following the invasion of the democratic South by the... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M42 (Duster)

    1951
    M35 / G742 (Deuce and a Half)
    The "Duce and a Half" has a valued logistical history doing what it did best - moving men and materi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M35 / G742 (Deuce and a Half)

    1950
    BTR-152
    The Soviet Army adjusted their battlefield doctrine following their experiences in World War 2 (1939... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the BTR-152

    1945
    ZSU-37
    The ZSU-37 was born out of a Soviet Army need for Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) protectio... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the ZSU-37

    1945
    M19 Gun Motor Carriage (M19 Twin 40mm)
    The M19 Twin 40mm (M19 Gun Motor Carriage) self-propelled anti-aircraft system was developed towards... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M19 Gun Motor Carriage (M19 Twin 40mm)

    1945
    Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz (Ball Lightning)
    Due to increasingly limited resources, the Germans became masters at reconstituting existing armored... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz (Ball Lightning)

    1944
    M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage (MGMC)
    The "Carrier, Personnel Half-Track M3" was the principle people-mover for the Allies during World Wa... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage (MGMC)

    1944
    Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind (Whirlwind)
    As the Allied air campaign against German interests during World War 2 increased in both its intensi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind (Whirlwind)

    1944
    Flakpanzer IV Mobelwagen (SdKfz 161/3)
    The Panzer IV Medium Tank of World War 2 (1939-1945) became one of the most versatile of the frontli... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Flakpanzer IV Mobelwagen (SdKfz 161/3)

    1944
    Flakpanzer IV Ostwind (East Wind)
    The limitations of the earlier quad-20mm-armed, Panzer IV tank-based "Wirbelwind" Self-Propelled Ant... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Flakpanzer IV Ostwind (East Wind)

    1943
    M45 Quadmount (Maxson)
    As Allied forces continued their march against Berlin in the West of Europe during World War 2 (1939... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the M45 Quadmount (Maxson)

    1943
    Half-Track Car M9
    The half-track military vehicle achieved considerable stardom during World War 2 (1939-1945) though ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Half-Track Car M9

    1942
    T17E1 (Staghound)
    Like other players of World War 2 (1939-1945), the United States Army finally realized the importanc... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the T17E1 (Staghound)

    1941
    Type 1 Chi-He
    In the 1930s, the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) introduced the Type 97 Chi-Ha series of medium-class ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Type 1 Chi-He

    1941
    Half-Track Personnel Carrier M3
    No image of the American military effort in World War 2 is complete without the appearance of the M3... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Half-Track Personnel Carrier M3

    1940
    Half-Track Car M2
    The United States Army learned by experience in World War 1 that trying to move men and machine thro... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Half-Track Car M2

    1938
    SdKfz 10 leichter ZugKraftwagen lt
    Like other German military systems of World War 2 (1939-1945), the SdKfz 10 series half-track was de... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SdKfz 10 leichter ZugKraftwagen lt

    1917
    Technical
    The "Technical" is a generic name given to make-shift military vehicles crudely developed on the cha... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Technical