Military Factory

Anti-Aircraft Vehicles

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 8/4/2015

Since the advent of military aircraft there has been a need for mobile ground-based defense, arriving in the form of the Anti-Aircraft Vehicle.

There are a total of (67) Anti-Aircraft Vehicles in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin. Those primary vehicles, whose chassis form the basis of a self-propelled anti-aircraft defense system, are also included in this listing. Anti-Aircraft Guns (towed and otherwise) are kept in a separate listing to be found here. Man-portable anti-aircraft systems are showcased here.

50R6 Vityaz (S-350E)
As faster and higher flying American bombers and spyplanes began to appear throughout the 1950s and 1960s, the Soviet air def...
Thumbnail picture of the 50R6 Vityaz (S-350E)

AAI Rapid Deplyment / Force Light Tank (RDF / LT)
In 1980, the Soviet Empire still remained the enemy of the day for America and her allies. As such, World War 3 would most li...
Thumbnail picture of the AAI Rapid Deplyment / Force Light Tank (RDF / LT)

The AMX-13 Light Tank was designed to a new post-World War 2 French Army requirement. In the post-war years, France was rebui...
Thumbnail picture of the AMX-13

Bavar-373 (Belief)
At one point Iran was slated to acquire Russia's advanced S-300 (NATO: SA-10 "Grumble") air defense missile series launchers ...
Thumbnail picture of the Bavar-373 (Belief)

Emerging from BN Constructions Ferroviaries et Metalliques (BNCFM) of Belgium during the mid-1970s was the export-minded SIBM...
Thumbnail picture of the BNCFM SIBMAS

The BRDM-2 primarily served as an armored scout car with the Soviet Army during the height of the Cold War. She was a direct ...
Thumbnail picture of the BRDM-2

The Soviet Army adjusted their battlefield doctrine following their experiences in World War 2 (1939-1945) against the Axis p...
Thumbnail picture of the BTR-152

Bumerang (Boomerang)
During the Cold War decades, the Soviet Army championed use of multi-axle armor wheeled vehicles among its ground force ranks...
Thumbnail picture of the Bumerang (Boomerang)

Challenger 1
The original combat "tank" was born out of the fighting that was World War 1. However, these were hardly representative of th...
Thumbnail picture of the Challenger 1

Chieftain MBT
The original Centurion Main Battle Tank (A41) of 1945 was a hugely successful British Army initiative enacted during World Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Chieftain MBT

Crotale SAM
The Crotale missile defence system can be fitted on a variety of chassis types and launched against targets overland or overw...
Thumbnail picture of the Crotale SAM

Denel Rooikat (Caracal / Red Cat)
Lessons learned in South Africa's involvement during the Angolan Civil War (1975-2002) were implemented into new armored vehi...
Thumbnail picture of the Denel Rooikat (Caracal / Red Cat)

Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz (Ball Lightning)
Due to increasingly limited resources, the Germans became masters at reconstituting existing armored vehicles and modifying t...
Thumbnail picture of the Flakpanzer IV Kugelblitz (Ball Lightning)

Flakpanzer IV Mobelwagen (SdKfz 161/3)
The Panzer IV Medium Tank of World War 2 (1939-1945) became one of the most versatile of the frontline German tanks as its ch...
Thumbnail picture of the Flakpanzer IV Mobelwagen (SdKfz 161/3)

Flakpanzer IV Ostwind (East Wind)
The limitations of the earlier quad-20mm-armed, Panzer IV tank-based "Wirbelwind" Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) sy...
Thumbnail picture of the Flakpanzer IV Ostwind (East Wind)

Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind (Whirlwind)
As the Allied air campaign against German interests during World War 2 increased in both its intensity and results, it fell t...
Thumbnail picture of the Flakpanzer IV Wirbelwind (Whirlwind)

Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer)
The Gepard Flakpanzer is derived from the Leopard 1 Main Battle Tank chassis and serves as a mobile anti-aircraft artillery p...
Thumbnail picture of the Flugabwehrkanonenpanzer Gepard (Flakpanzer)

G6 Marksman
The G6 Marksman is a Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) system combining the chassis of the South African 6x6 wheeled G...
Thumbnail picture of the G6 Marksman

Half-Track Car M2
The United States Army learned by experience in World War 1 that trying to move men and machine through mud and snow proved a...
Thumbnail picture of the Half-Track Car M2

Half-Track Car M9
The half-track military vehicle achieved considerable stardom during World War 2 (1939-1945) though the concept of combining ...
Thumbnail picture of the Half-Track Car M9

Half-Track Personnel Carrier M3
No image of the American military effort in World War 2 is complete without the appearance of the M3 Half-Track vehicle. The ...
Thumbnail picture of the Half-Track Personnel Carrier M3

HMMWV (High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle) / (Humvee)
Aside from the M1 Abrams, perhaps no other American armored vehicle has represented the American Army more than the venerable...
Thumbnail picture of the HMMWV (High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle) / (Humvee)

HMMWV Avenger
The Humvee Avenger is a modified form of the M1037 shelter carrier Humvee. It is a short-range mobile anti-aircraft defense ...
Thumbnail picture of the HMMWV Avenger

KTO Rosomak
The KTO Rosomak ("Wolverine") is a family of multi-purpose, eight-wheeled, armored vehicles currently in service with the Pol...
Thumbnail picture of the KTO Rosomak

Land Rover Defender 110
The Defender 110 is produced by the British Land Rover Company for military use. The British Army and some Commonwealth natio...
Thumbnail picture of the Land Rover Defender 110

M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage (MGMC)
The "Carrier, Personnel Half-Track M3" was the principle people-mover for the Allies during World War 2 (1939-1945) on so man...
Thumbnail picture of the M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage (MGMC)

M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS)
The M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS) mated the firepower of the United States Air Force's standard aerial cannon - the M...
Thumbnail picture of the M163 Vulcan Air Defense System (VADS)

M19 Gun Motor Carriage (M19 Twin 40mm)
The M19 Twin 40mm (M19 Gun Motor Carriage) self-propelled anti-aircraft system was developed towards the tail-end of World Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the M19 Gun Motor Carriage (M19 Twin 40mm)

M247 Sergeant York
In the latter part of the 1970s, the United States Army required the services of a self-propelled, tracked, anti-aircraft sys...
Thumbnail picture of the M247 Sergeant York

M35 / G742 (Deuce and a Half)
The "Duce and a Half" has a valued logistical history doing what it did best - moving men and material from Point A to Point ...
Thumbnail picture of the M35 / G742 (Deuce and a Half)

M42 (Duster)
The United States went to war in Korea in 1950 following the invasion of the democratic South by the communist-backed North, ...
Thumbnail picture of the M42 (Duster)

M45 Quadmount (Maxson)
As Allied forces continued their march against Berlin in the West of Europe during World War 2 (1939-1945), the need grew for...
Thumbnail picture of the M45 Quadmount (Maxson)

Thumbnail picture of the M53/59 Praga

M727 Hawk
The M727 is a tracked carrier vehicle designed to transport the Hawk guided missile system (known collectively under the desi...
Thumbnail picture of the M727 Hawk

M730 Chaparral
The M48 Chaparral SAM system consists of an infrared heat seeking missile, a launcher with a Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) ...
Thumbnail picture of the M730 Chaparral

MIM-104 Patriot
The MIM-104 "Patriot" air defense missile system became a household name when it appeared on the global stage during the 1991...
Thumbnail picture of the MIM-104 Patriot

MIM-46 Mauler
The MIM-46 "Mauler" was an ill-fated attempt at a tracked mobile surface to air missile defense system for the US Army. The M...
Thumbnail picture of the MIM-46 Mauler

MT-LB (M1970)
World War 2 warfare instilled on the Soviet Army the need for a very mobile armored force. After the war, the concepts proven...
Thumbnail picture of the MT-LB (M1970)

Oerlikon ADATS
The Canadian ADATS ("Air Defense Anti-Tank System"), a Western product of the later Cold War period, was categorized as a SHO...
Thumbnail picture of the Oerlikon ADATS

Panhard ERC 90
The French concerns of Renault and Panhard submitted designs to fulfill a 1970s French Army requirement for new 4x4 and 6x6 a...
Thumbnail picture of the Panhard ERC 90

PT-91 Twardy
The Main Battle Tank of the Polish Army is the PT-91 "Twardy", developed from the popular Soviet-era T-72 MBT (T-72M1). The P...
Thumbnail picture of the PT-91 Twardy

Rheinmetall Landsysteme Condor
The Condor is a Light Armored Vehicle (LAV) appearing in West Germany during the Cold War (1947-1991) at which time Germany r...
Thumbnail picture of the Rheinmetall Landsysteme Condor

SA-10 (Grumble) / S-300
The S-300 (NATO designation and codename of SA-10 "Grumble) is a long-range surface-to-air missile system developed in the la...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-10 (Grumble) / S-300

SA-11 (Gadfly) / 9K37 Buk
The vast airspace over the Russian frontier and the combat-ready atmosphere of the Cold War required the Soviet Army to keep ...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-11 (Gadfly) / 9K37 Buk

SA-13 (Gopher) / 9K35 Strela-10
The 9K35 "Strela-10" was developed by Soviet engineers to replace the 1960s-era 9K31 Strela-1 line (SA-9 "Gaskin") of mobile ...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-13 (Gopher) / 9K35 Strela-10

SA-19 Grisom / 2K22 Tunguska
The 2K22 "Tunguska" (NATO codename of SA-19 "Grisom") is a self-propelled, tracked air defense system that combines both rapi...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-19 Grisom / 2K22 Tunguska

SA-2 (Guideline) / S-75 Dvina
The original SA-2 Guideline design was engineered to track down and destroy the less-maneuverable high-altitude American bomb...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-2 (Guideline) / S-75 Dvina

SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1
With ever-increasing capabilities being found in existing and next generation aircraft comes a desperate need for armies of t...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-22 (Greyhound) / Pantsir-S1

SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora
With more nimble and advanced aircraft emerging from the West during the Cold War decades, it fell to Soviet engineers to dev...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-3 (Goa) / S-125 Neva / Pechora

SA-6 (Gainful) / 2K12 Kub
Design work on the 2K12 "Kub" system began in 1959 under the direction of NIIP/Vympel (for the missile) and MMZ (for the trac...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-6 (Gainful) / 2K12 Kub

SA-8 (Gecko) / 9K33 OSA
To contend with ever-improving, more agile low-altitude aircraft emerging from the West during the Cold War, the Soviet milit...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-8 (Gecko) / 9K33 OSA

SA-9 (Gaskin) / 9K31 Strela-1
The SA-9 (NATO codename of "Gaskin" and formally designated by the Russians as the 9K31 Strela-1) was a four-wheeled mobile a...
Thumbnail picture of the SA-9 (Gaskin) / 9K31 Strela-1

SdKfz 10 leichter ZugKraftwagen lt
Like other German military systems of World War 2 (1939-1945), the SdKfz 10 series half-track was designed and developed in s...
Thumbnail picture of the SdKfz 10 leichter ZugKraftwagen lt

Shahine SAM
The Shahine Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system was a French development of the "Crotale" SAM series, installing a six missil...
Thumbnail picture of the Shahine SAM

T17E1 (Staghound)
Like other players of World War 2 (1939-1945), the United States Army finally realized the importance of light armored wheele...
Thumbnail picture of the T17E1 (Staghound)

The "Technical" is a generic name given to make-shift military vehicles crudely developed on the chassis of existing 4x4 all-...
Thumbnail picture of the Technical

Type 1 Chi-He
In the 1930s, the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) introduced the Type 97 Chi-Ha series of medium-class infantry support tanks to...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 1 Chi-He

Type 63 SPAAG
The Type 63 was a self-propelled, tracked anti-aircraft defense system produced by NORINCO of China. The system featured the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 63 SPAAG

Type 87 SPAAG
The Type 87 SPAAG is a conventional tracked, self-propelled, anti-aircraft gunnery platform indigenously developed by the Jap...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 87 SPAAG

Type 95 (PGZ95)
In 1999, the Chinese debuted their "Type 95" Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Artillery (SPAAA) system among its pieces showcased...
Thumbnail picture of the Type 95 (PGZ95)

VTT-323 (M1973 Sinhung)
When the North Korean Army needed an armored personnel carrier, they turned to what they do best - license production of an e...
Thumbnail picture of the VTT-323 (M1973 Sinhung)

ZSU-23-4 (Shilka)
The ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" system has been - and in many examples continues to be - a much-feared anti-aircraft system for pilots ...
Thumbnail picture of the ZSU-23-4 (Shilka)

The ZSU-37 was born out of a Soviet Army need for Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun (SPAAG) protection in World War 2 (1939-19...
Thumbnail picture of the ZSU-37

The ZSU-57-2 served the Red Army of the Soviet Union throughout the bulk of the Cold War years. However, within a short windo...
Thumbnail picture of the ZSU-57-2