Military Factory
Military Factory

Ancient and Medieval Weapons

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 6/21/2014

Many characteristics of modern weapons can be traced back to the implements of old.

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There are a total of 26 Ancient- and Medieval-era Weapons in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.



Ballista
The ballista was an artillery weapon first reported in ancient times and heavily associated in the West with the Roman Republ...
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Bardiche
The bardiche was classified as a polearm though it was often the shortest such weapon of its kind. The design was characteriz...
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Cataphract
The Cataphract was an ancient evolution of the war horse that consisted of extending the armor protection, provided to the ri...
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Chariot
The chariot, at least in the West, is more closely associated with the Ancient Egyptian civilization than any other - though ...
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Claymore
The claymore was a longsword appearing between the 15th and 17th centuries and is always closely associated with its use by t...
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Companion Cavalry
The aptly-named Companion Cavalry served under Alexander the Great's Macedonian banner and were based on King Philips learnin...
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Corseque
The Corseque was used in quantity throughout the 16th and 17th Centuries. As a polearm, its design and susequent function was...
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Crossbow
For the purpose of this entry, it is assumed that the descriptive term "crossbow" refers to the traditional medieval weapon, ...
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Fauchard
The Fauchard was another in the long line of ever-important polearms utilized by various parties throughout Medieval Europe. ...
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Francisca
The francisca was a light-weight throwing axe more consistently associated with the Franks though its use expanded to that of...
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Gladius
Thanks to his ongoing campaigns against Hannibal across the Iberian Peninsula, the Roman general Scipio Africanus became very...
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Glaive
Polearms reigned supreme in the world as a military arm and Medieval Europe was no exception. The Glaive was such a weapon sy...
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Guisarme
The Guisarme was a simplistic polearm featured between the 11th and 15th Centuries, primarily across europe. The weapon was n...
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Halberd
The halberd was characterized by the pointed top of its axe-head and seemingly decorative axe head design. They were primary ...
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Helepolis
Ingenuity was not in short supply considering battles of the ancient world. The helepolis was sucha creation - a mammoth sieg...
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Hoplon
The Hoplon shield was the principle shield of the Hoplite heavy infantry warrior. The Hoplite was the driving force behind th...
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Incendiary Pig
Appearing about 240 BC, incendiary pigs were an interesting weapon thought to have been utilized in ancient Roman warfare. Th...
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Macedonian Hoplite
The phalanx proved to be the military success of the ancient Greece, perfected by the warring society of Spartans and copied ...
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Penteconter
The Greek vessel type "Penteconter", or "50-oared", was developed as perhaps the first true fighting warship - a galley of an...
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Pilum
With the thrusting / throwing spears of the ancient world slowly on their way off of the world stage, Roman soldiers were bec...
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Sambuca
The sambuca was a siege weapon of the ancient world capitalizing on basic leverage principles. The system featured a wheeled ...
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Steppe Pony
The Steppe Pony was an ideal choice of war horse for the roaming bands of warriors found through Asia and Europe following th...
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Testudo
The testudo (or tortoise) was a revolutionary battlefield formation utilized by the Roman Empire. The formation of Roman sold...
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Voulge
The voulge was a terrifying weapon in appearance and categorized as a polearm. It was used primarily during the Medieval Ages...
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War Dog
War Dogs have had a role in warfare since their domestication. For the purpose of this entry, we assign the war dog to the Ro...
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War Elephant
The War Elephant was an ancient battlefield weapon popularized most notably by India. The pondering beasts were trained and d...
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