Military Factory
Military Factory

WW1 American Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 3/20/2014

After sitting out much of the early part of World War 1, the United States finally entered the conflict on the side of the Allies and helped to change its course for good.


Tied down by Wright Brothers patent issues and a non-committal government, aviation design, development and production in the United States was stymied leading up to World War 1. As such, American air power was stocked with many European types when the nation committed to war in 1917. Some homegrown developments eventually did materialize though American aces were born largely through piloting British and French fighter types.

There are a total of 35 WW1 American Military Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.

Aeromarine 39
In 1917, the United States Navy entered into a contract with the Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company for a new twin-seat bipla...
Thumbnail picture of the Aeromarine 39

Aeromarine 40
The Aeromarine Model 40 (or simply "Aeromarine 40") was a two-seat flying boat trainer aircraft serving the United States Nav...
Thumbnail picture of the Aeromarine 40

Airco DH.4
With production numbering over 6,000 total units, the Airco / de Havilland DH.4 was another one of Geoffrey de Havilland's su...
Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.4

Airco DH.9
The AirCo / de Havilland DH.9 was a further revision of the DH.4 bomber. Design was accomplished by the de Havilland company ...
Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.9

Ansaldo A 1 Balilla (Hunter)
The Ansaldo A 1 Balilla ("Hunter") was the first aircraft fighter design of Italian origins. Italian forces consistently used...
Thumbnail picture of the Ansaldo A 1 Balilla (Hunter)

Caproni Ca.3
The Caproni Ca.36 represented the definitive model in the C-bomber series debuted in 1914 as the C.31. The Ca.36 was a tremen...
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.3

Caudron R.11
The Caudron R.11 was initially developed as an armed reconnaissance platform for the French Air Service and found its niche a...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron R.11

Curtiss H-16
In 1911, the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company unveiled their Model D, a biplane aircraft powered by a single Curtiss E-4 e...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss H-16

Curtiss JN-4 (Jenny)
The much-loved Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" two-seat trainer aircraft was utilized in a myriad of ways throughout her operational car...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss JN-4 (Jenny)

Curtiss NC (Navy Curtiss / Nancy Boat)
World War 1 in Europe prompted all military industries to develop and produce various solutions to ongoing (and some new) pro...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss NC (Navy Curtiss / Nancy Boat)

Dorand AR
The Dorand AR series was developed for the French air service to replace the outmoded, two-seat Farman F.40 observation aircr...
Thumbnail picture of the Dorand AR

Thumbnail picture of the Felixstowe F.2

Felixstowe F.5
The Felixstowe F.5 series originated in the United Kingdom as a militarized flying boat in the last year of World War 1 (1918...
Thumbnail picture of the Felixstowe F.5

Handley Page H.P. O/400
The O/400 model series by Handley Page aircraft firm was the principle heavy bomber of the RAF by the end of the First World ...
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page H.P. O/400

Hanriot HD.1
Despite its French origins, the Hanriot HD.1 biplane fighter saw extensive service with the Belgian and Italian air services ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hanriot HD.1

Macchi M.5
The Italian concern of Macchi was founded in 1912 by Giulio Macchi out of Varese, Italy. Despite Italy being a member of the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Macchi M.5

Martin MB-1 / Glenn Martin Bomber
The Martin MB-1 (also known as the "Glenn Martin Bomber") became the first American-designed heavy bomber type to be purchase...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin MB-1 / Glenn Martin Bomber

Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 12

Nieuport 17
Fresh off of the heels of the success that was the Nieuport 11, the Nieuport 17 was a direct development intended to improve ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 17

Nieuport 27
The Nieuport Nie.27 (or simply Nieuport 27) was designed by Gustave Delage and became an advanced trainer and frontline fight...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 27

Nieuport 28
The French-built Nieuport 28 fighter was the third of the successful trilogy of "Nieuport Fighting Scouts" that included the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 28

Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2
The F.E.2 series of aircraft were produced by the Royal Aircraft Factory and had their origins in the F.E.1, a 1910 design by...
Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2

Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 ("S.E." for "Scout Experimental") was designed from the outset as an aircraft with a "green"...
Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5

Salmson 2
The French Salmson concern was founded in 1890 by Emile Salmson and produced a variety of automobiles prior to World War 1. J...
Thumbnail picture of the Salmson 2

Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)
Like other Sopwith Aviation Company aircraft, the wartime Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter owed its existence to the arrival of the Sop...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)

Sopwith Baby
Sopwith Aviation was founded in 1912 by Thomas Sopwith (1888-1989) at Kingston upon Thames in London. At its peak, it employe...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Baby

Sopwith Camel
Though the Sopwith Camel (the official designation being Sopwith Biplane F.1) was designed as a replacement for the Sopwith P...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Camel

Sopwith Pup
The Sopwith Pup appeared in 1916 at a time when the Allies were coming up against what would be known as the "Fokker Scourge"...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Pup

The SPAD S.VII (or "S.7") was one of France's best single-seat fighters of World War 1 (1914-1918). The type epitomized the q...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.VII

The storied engineering career of Frenchman Louis Bechereau spanned decades and several popular designs during World War 1 (...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XI

French flying ace Georges Guynemer pushed the idea of a cannon-armed fighter plane after his experiences in aircraft such as ...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XII

The SPAD S.XIII (S.13) was a further development of the successful SPAD S.VII (S.7) design, the latter eventually becoming ou...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIII

The "Submarine Scout Zero" ("SSZ") airships were manufactured across seventy-seven examples during World War 1 (1914-1918) be...
Thumbnail picture of the SSZ.65

Standard J-1
The Standard J-1 appeared in the First World War and served the United States Army Air Service in the role of trainer. The sy...
Thumbnail picture of the Standard J-1

Vought VE-7 Bluebird
In 1917 Mr. Birdseye B. Lewis formed an aircraft business with the Vought group, becoming the Lewis & Vought Corporation in t...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought VE-7 Bluebird