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    WW1 U.S. Aircraft

    Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 12/4/2015

    After sitting out much of the early part of World War 1, the United States finally entered the conflict on the side of the Allies and helped to change its course for good.





    Tied down by Wright Brothers patent issues and a non-committal government, aviation design, development and production in the United States was stymied leading up to World War 1. As such, American air power was stocked with many European types when the nation committed to war in 1917. Some homegrown developments eventually did materialize though American aces were born largely through piloting British and French fighters.


    There are a total of (44) World War 1 U.S. Military Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




    1917
    Aeromarine 39
    In 1917, the United States Navy entered into a contract with the Aeromarine Plane and Motor Company ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Aeromarine 39

    1918
    Aeromarine 40
    The Aeromarine Model 40 (or simply "Aeromarine 40") was a two-seat flying boat trainer aircraft serv... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Aeromarine 40

    1917
    Airco DH.4
    With production numbering over 6,000 total units, the AirCo / de Havilland DH.4 was another one of G... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.4

    1917
    Airco DH.9
    The AirCo DH.9 was a further revision of the DH.4 bomber - again headed by famous aviation engineer ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.9

    1918
    Ansaldo A 1 Balilla (Hunter)
    The Ansaldo A 1 Balilla ("Hunter") was the first aircraft fighter design of Italian origins. Italian... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Ansaldo A 1 Balilla (Hunter)

    1913
    Avro 504
    Without knowing it from the outset, the Avro Type 504 series of aircraft would become one of the mos... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Avro 504

    1917
    Breguet Br.14
    French aviation design triumphed with the arrival of the Breguet Br.14 series (sometimes written as ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Br.14

    1917
    Caproni Ca.3
    The Caproni Ca.36 represented the definitive model in the C-bomber series debuted in 1914 as the C.3... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.3

    1918
    Caproni Ca.4
    Giovanni Caproni was a prolific Italian aircraft designer of the 20th Century with his contributions... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.4

    1914
    Caudron G.3
    As was the case with most of the aircraft featured during World War 1 (1914-1918), the French Caudro... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caudron G.3

    1918
    Caudron R.11
    The Caudron R.11 was initially developed as an armed reconnaissance platform for the French Air Serv... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caudron R.11

    1917
    Curtiss H-16
    In 1911, the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company unveiled their Model D, a biplane aircraft powered ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss H-16

    1915
    Curtiss JN-4 (Jenny)
    The much-loved Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" two-seat trainer aircraft was utilized in a myriad of ways throu... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss JN-4 (Jenny)

    1918
    Curtiss NC (Nancy Boat)
    World War 1 in Europe prompted all military industries to develop and produce various solutions to o... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss NC (Nancy Boat)

    1917
    Dorand AR
    The Dorand AR series was developed for the French air service to replace the outmoded, two-seat Farm... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Dorand AR

    1917
    Felixstowe F.2
    In the pre-World War 1 period, Royal Navy Lt Cmdr John Porte partnered with famous American aviator ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Felixstowe F.2

    1918
    Felixstowe F.5
    The Felixstowe F.5 series originated in the United Kingdom as a militarized flying boat in the last ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Felixstowe F.5

    1918
    Fokker C.I
    The Fokker C.I was a biplane aircraft that entered development under the flag of the German Empire d... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker C.I

    1918
    Fokker D.VII
    Regarded as Germany's finest fighter of World War 1 (1914-1918), the Fokker D.VII actually had a sho... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker D.VII

    1918
    Handley Page H.P. O/400
    The O/400 model series by Handley Page aircraft firm was the principle heavy bomber of the RAF by th... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page H.P. O/400

    1916
    Hanriot HD.1
    Despite its French origins, the Hanriot HD.1 biplane fighter saw extensive service with the Belgian ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Hanriot HD.1

    1917
    Macchi M.5
    The Italian concern of Macchi was founded in 1912 by Giulio Macchi out of Varese, Italy. Despite Ita... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Macchi M.5

    1918
    Martin MB-1 / Glenn Martin Bomber
    The Martin MB-1 (also known as the "Glenn Martin Bomber") became the first American-designed heavy b... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Martin MB-1 / Glenn Martin Bomber

    1915
    Nieuport 12
    Air superiority became a back-and-forth affair for the air services involved in World War 1 (1914-19... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 12

    1916
    Nieuport 17
    Fresh off of the heels of the success that was the Nieuport 11, the Nieuport 17 was a direct develop... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 17

    1917
    Nieuport 27
    The Nieuport Nie.27 (or simply Nieuport 27) was designed by Gustave Delage and became an advanced tr... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 27

    1918
    Nieuport 28
    Aerial combat in World War 1 (1914-1918) turned into a tit-for-tat affair as technology ruled the la... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 28

    1918
    Packard-Le Pere LUSAC-11
    French Captain Georges LePere was employed by the United States Army Air Service (USAAS) in 1917 whe... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Packard-Le Pere LUSAC-11

    1912
    Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2
    The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was born through the Royal Balloon Factory (RBF) establishment whic... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2

    1915
    Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2
    The F.E.2 series of aircraft were produced by the Royal Aircraft Factory and had their origins in th... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2

    1917
    Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5
    The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 ("S.E." for "Scout Experimental") was designed from the outset as a... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5

    1918
    Salmson 2
    The French Salmson concern was founded in 1890 by Emile Salmson and produced a variety of automobile... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Salmson 2

    1916
    Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)
    Like other Sopwith Aviation Company aircraft, the wartime Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter owed its existence ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)

    1915
    Sopwith Baby
    Sopwith Aviation was founded in 1912 by Thomas Sopwith (1888-1989) at Kingston upon Thames in London... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Baby

    1917
    Sopwith Camel
    Though the Sopwith Camel (the official designation being Sopwith Biplane F.1) was designed as a repl... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Camel

    1916
    Sopwith Pup
    The Sopwith Pup was a World War 1-era biplane fighter design appearing in 1916 during a time when Ge... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Pup

    1916
    SPAD S.VII
    The SPAD S.VII (or "S.7") was one of France's best single-seat fighters of World War 1 (1914-1918). ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.VII

    1917
    SPAD S.XI
    The storied engineering career of Frenchman Louis Bechereau spanned decades and several popular des... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XI

    1917
    SPAD S.XII
    French flying ace Georges Guynemer pushed the idea of a cannon-armed fighter plane after his experie... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XII

    1917
    SPAD S.XIII
    The SPAD S.XIII (S.13) was a further development of the successful SPAD S.VII (S.7) design, the latt... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIII

    1918
    SSZ.65
    The "Submarine Scout Zero" ("SSZ") airships were manufactured across seventy-seven examples during W... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SSZ.65

    1917
    Standard J-1
    The Standard J-1 appeared in the First World War and served the United States Army Air Service in th... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Standard J-1

    1918
    Vought VE-7 Bluebird
    In 1917 Mr. Birdseye B. Lewis formed an aircraft business with the Vought group, becoming the Lewis ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Vought VE-7 Bluebird

    1916
    Wright Model L
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Wright Model L