Military Factory
Military Factory

WW1 Scout, Fighting Scout and Reconnaissance Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 3/20/2014

Scouts proved the eyes for ground commanders during World War 1, able to fly high and fast while observing enemy movements and strengths.

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There are a total of 66 WW1 Scout, Fighting Scout and Reconnaissance Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1916
AEG C.IV
The C.IV was a twin-seat biplane aircraft produced by the German firm of Allgemeine Elektrizitats-Gesellschaft (or simply "AE...
Thumbnail picture of the AEG C.IV

1915
AGO C.II
The AGO C.II was the product of the Aerowerke Gustav Otto (abbreviated as "AGO") concern and is considered by some as one of ...
Thumbnail picture of the AGO C.II

1915
Airco DH.2
Geoffrey de Havilland was hired by the Airco firm in June of 1914 as lead designer and quickly lent his design talents to dev...
Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.2

1917
Airco DH.4
With production numbering over 6,000 total units, the Airco / de Havilland DH.4 was another one of Geoffrey de Havilland's su...
Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.4

1914
Albatros B.II
The Albatros B.II was a reconnaissance biplane used in the early years of the First World War, particularly on the German sid...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros B.II

1915
Albatros C.I
The Albatros C.I series of aircraft was the next evolution in the brand's reconnaissance aircraft line. Stemming from the dev...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.I

1915
Albatros C.III
Continuing in the long line of short-term reconnaissance biplane designs, the German Air Force fielded the Albatros C.III in ...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.III

1916
Albatros C.V
The Albatros C.V can, in some ways, be approached as a step backwards in the progression of the C-series as a whole. Though t...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.V

1917
Albatros C.X
The Albatros production of the C.X model continued the firm's commitment to producing capable reconnaissance biplane aircraft...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.X

1917
Armstrong Whitworth FK8
The Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8 model series was a biplane aircraft conceived of by aircraft designer and Dutch national Freder...
Thumbnail picture of the Armstrong Whitworth FK8

1914
Aviatik B.I
The Aviatik B.I series handled reconnaissance duties for Germany in the early years of the war, serving up to about early 191...
Thumbnail picture of the Aviatik B.I

1915
Aviatik C.I
Aviatik (Automobil und Aviatikwerke) of Germany was already involved in aircraft designs from the outset of the war, graduati...
Thumbnail picture of the Aviatik C.I

1913
Avro 504
Without knowing it from the outset, the Avro Type 504 series of aircraft would become one of the most produced and influentia...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 504

1916
Avro 523 Pike
Avro (A.V. Roe and Company) was founded in 1910 and based out of Manchester. The firm played a large role from World War 1 in...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 523 Pike

1918
Blackburn R.T.1 Kangaroo
The Kangaroo was the product of the Blackburn Aeroplane and Motor Company, Limited. The design began as a venture in 1916 to ...
Thumbnail picture of the Blackburn R.T.1 Kangaroo

1909
Bleriot XI
The Bleriot XI was one of the first notable monoplanes to achieve any level of fame. Primitive by today's standards, the syst...
Thumbnail picture of the Bleriot XI

1917
Breguet Bre.14
French aviation design triumphed with the arrival of the Breguet Bre.14 series (sometimes written as Breguet Br.XIV). The air...
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Bre.14

1917
Bristol F.2
The Bristol F.2 fighter series operated throughout the British Empire for decades, serving through World War 1 and through th...
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol F.2

1914
Bristol Scout
The Bristol Scout was born from a racing aircraft and was, therefore, based upon an excellent performance pedigree. However, ...
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol Scout

1918
Caudron R.11
The Caudron R.11 was initially developed as an armed reconnaissance platform for the French Air Service and found its niche a...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron R.11

1917
Curtiss H-16
In 1911, the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company unveiled their Model D, a biplane aircraft powered by a single Curtiss E-4 e...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss H-16

1918
Curtiss NC (Navy Curtiss / Nancy Boat)
World War 1 in Europe prompted all military industries to develop and produce various solutions to ongoing (and some new) pro...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss NC (Navy Curtiss / Nancy Boat)

1916
DFW C.V
The DFW C.V series of biplane aircraft was of German design in World War 1. The system was particularly noted for its good ha...
Thumbnail picture of the DFW C.V

1917
Dorand AR
The Dorand AR series was developed for the French air service to replace the outmoded, two-seat Farman F.40 observation aircr...
Thumbnail picture of the Dorand AR

1917
Fairey Campania
The British became big proponents and pioneers of naval aviation during World War 1. War had broken out in Europe during the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Campania

1918
Fairey III
The British war effort of World War 1 (1914-1918) brought about many new aircraft developments. Fairey Aviation was one contr...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey III

1914
Farman MF.11 Shorthorn
The Farman MF.11 "Shorthorn" was a development of French aeronautical engineering and was essentially an early-war biplane de...
Thumbnail picture of the Farman MF.11 Shorthorn

1917
Thumbnail picture of the Felixstowe F.2

1917
Felixstowe F.5
The Felixstowe F.5 series originated in the United Kingdom as a militarized flying boat in the last year of World War 1 (1918...
Thumbnail picture of the Felixstowe F.5

1914
Hansa-Brandenburg B.I (Type D/FD)
Ernst Heinkel - whose German firm Heinkel would gain some level of notoriety in World War 2 - designed a series of reconnaiss...
Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg B.I (Type D/FD)

1916
Hansa-Brandenburg C.I (Type LDD)
The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I was a two-seat reconnaissance aircraft seeing action with the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg C.I (Type LDD)

1917
Hansa-Brandenburg W.12
The Hansa-Brandenburg W.12 was a two-seat floatplane fighter seaplane design serving the German Empire through the final year...
Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg W.12

1915
Lebed Type XII
The Russian Empire did not field many indigenous aircraft designs during World War 1, instead relying on purchase or local pr...
Thumbnail picture of the Lebed Type XII

1915
Lloyd C.II
The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, with service of the type b...
Thumbnail picture of the Lloyd C.II

1915
Lohner B.VII
The Lohner B.VII was a two-seat reconnaissance aircraft produced by and for the Austro-Hungarian Empire during World War 1. W...
Thumbnail picture of the Lohner B.VII

1916
Lohner C.I
The Lohner C.I was nothing more than the armed version of the two-seat Lohner B.VII reconnaissance aircraft fielded by the Au...
Thumbnail picture of the Lohner C.I

1915
LVG B (Series)
Prior to production of military aircraft, the LVG concern ("Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft") was focused on manufacture of dirigi...
Thumbnail picture of the LVG B (Series)

1915
LVG C.II
The LVG C.II was a limited-production reconnaissance scout plane utilized by the German Empire during World War 1. She hersel...
Thumbnail picture of the LVG C.II

1917
LVG C.V
The LVG C.V was a general-purpose, two-seat reconnaissance aircraft utilized by the German air service in World War 1. Despit...
Thumbnail picture of the LVG C.V

1918
LVG C.VI
The LVG C.VI became one of the final German two-seat aircraft to see quantitative production in World War 1 and appeared as a...
Thumbnail picture of the LVG C.VI

1918
Martin MB-1 / Glenn Martin Bomber
The Martin MB-1 (also known as the "Glenn Martin Bomber") became the first American-designed heavy bomber type to be purchase...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin MB-1 / Glenn Martin Bomber

1915
Nieuport 11 (Bebe)
The Nieuport 11 "Bebe" (or "Baby" - known officially as the "Nieuport 11 C1") was one of the first true Allied fighters of Wo...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 11 (Bebe)

1915
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 12

1916
Nieuport 17
Fresh off of the heels of the success that was the Nieuport 11, the Nieuport 17 was a direct development intended to improve ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 17

1917
Phonix C.I
The Phonix C.I was a rather simplistic two-seat armed reconnaissance fighter utilized by the Austro-Hungarian Empire during W...
Thumbnail picture of the Phonix C.I

1917
Phonix D (Series)
The Phonix D.I was a single-seat fighter platform developed and produced by the Phonix Flugzeug-Werke firm in Germany. The ai...
Thumbnail picture of the Phonix D (Series)

1915
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2
The F.E.2 series of aircraft were produced by the Royal Aircraft Factory and had their origins in the F.E.1, a 1910 design by...
Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2

1916
Rumpler 6B
The Rumpler concern has become a largely forgotten aviation manufacturer when pitted alongside the likes of Albatros and Fokk...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler 6B

1914
Rumpler B.I
While discussions of World War 1 (1914-1918) aircraft inevitably turn to Fokkers, SPADs and Sopwiths, the Rumpler concern pro...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler B.I

1915
Rumpler C.I
Austrian-born engineer Edmund Rumpler settled his Rumpler Flugzeugwerke concern in 1909 and began by producing copies of the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.I

1916
Rumpler C.III
Rumpler Flugzeugwerke followed their Rumpler C.I biplane reconnaissance aircraft with the improved C.III series. The Rumpler ...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.III

1917
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.IV

1917
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.VII

1918
Salmson 2
The French Salmson concern was founded in 1890 by Emile Salmson and produced a variety of automobiles prior to World War 1. J...
Thumbnail picture of the Salmson 2

1915
Thumbnail picture of the Short Type 184

1915
Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz (Series)
The Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz series of aircraft were the world's first four-engine bombers in operational service. Igor Sikors...
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz (Series)

1916
Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)
Like other Sopwith Aviation Company aircraft, the wartime Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter owed its existence to the arrival of the Sop...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)

1915
Sopwith Baby
Sopwith Aviation was founded in 1912 by Thomas Sopwith (1888-1989) at Kingston upon Thames in London. At its peak, it employe...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Baby

1914
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Tabloid

1917
SPAD S.XI
The storied engineering career of Frenchman Louis Bechereau spanned decades and several popular designs during World War 1 (...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XI

1920
SPAD S.XX (S.20)
During World War 1 (1914-1918), the advantage in the air war over Europe had changed hands several times, driven by a combina...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XX (S.20)

1918
SSZ.65
The "Submarine Scout Zero" ("SSZ") airships were manufactured across seventy-seven examples during World War 1 (1914-1918) be...
Thumbnail picture of the SSZ.65

1918
Ufag C.I
The Ufag C.I was a two-seat, single-engine biplane fighter serving the Austro-Hungarian Empire air services. The aircraft mad...
Thumbnail picture of the Ufag C.I

1915
Vickers FB.5
The FB.5 (also known as the "Gunbus") was of a biplane type design for the scouting role. What set the system apart from earl...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers FB.5