Military Factory
Military Factory

WW1 French Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 3/20/2014

Second only to Germany, France's developments in fighter design helped wrestle the skies from enemy control during World War 1.

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There are a total of 32 WW1 French Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1909
Bleriot XI
The Bleriot XI was one of the first notable monoplanes to achieve any level of fame. Primitive by today's standards, the syst...
Thumbnail picture of the Bleriot XI

1915
Breguet Br.M5
The Breguet Br.M5 series of biplane bomber was developed from the Breguet Br.M4. The Br.M5 was operated by a crew of two with...
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Br.M5

1917
Breguet Bre.14
French aviation design triumphed with the arrival of the Breguet Bre.14 series (sometimes written as Breguet Br.XIV). The air...
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Bre.14

1917
Caproni Ca.3
The Caproni Ca.36 represented the definitive model in the C-bomber series debuted in 1914 as the C.31. The Ca.36 was a tremen...
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.3

1914
Caudron G.3
As was the case with most of the aircraft featured during World War 1 (1914-1918), the French Caudron G.3 was a further evolu...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron G.3

1915
Caudron G.4
The Caudron G.4 series was a twin-engine bomber platform introduced in the early years of World War 1 by the French. The syst...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron G.4

1917
Caudron G.6
The French aviation concern of Caudron continued to evolve their serviceable G-series reconnaissance-minded biplanes during W...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron G.6

1918
Caudron R.11
The Caudron R.11 was initially developed as an armed reconnaissance platform for the French Air Service and found its niche a...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron R.11

1917
Dorand AR
The Dorand AR series was developed for the French air service to replace the outmoded, two-seat Farman F.40 observation aircr...
Thumbnail picture of the Dorand AR

1914
Farman MF.11 Shorthorn
The Farman MF.11 "Shorthorn" was a development of French aeronautical engineering and was essentially an early-war biplane de...
Thumbnail picture of the Farman MF.11 Shorthorn

1916
Hanriot HD.1
Despite its French origins, the Hanriot HD.1 biplane fighter saw extensive service with the Belgian and Italian air services ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hanriot HD.1

1915
Morane-Saulnier Type N
The Moraine-Saulnier Type N (or simply "Moraine-Saulnier N") was a French fighter aircraft of the First World War. It appeare...
Thumbnail picture of the Morane-Saulnier Type N

1915
Nieuport 11 (Bebe)
The Nieuport 11 "Bebe" (or "Baby" - known officially as the "Nieuport 11 C1") was one of the first true Allied fighters of Wo...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 11 (Bebe)

1915
Nieuport 12
Air superiority became a back-and-forth affair for the air services involved in World War 1 (1914-1915). This opened the fiel...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 12

1916
Nieuport 17
Fresh off of the heels of the success that was the Nieuport 11, the Nieuport 17 was a direct development intended to improve ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 17

1917
Nieuport 27
The Nieuport Nie.27 (or simply Nieuport 27) was designed by Gustave Delage and became an advanced trainer and frontline fight...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 27

1918
Nieuport 28
Aerial combat in World War 1 (1914-1918) turned into a tit-for-tat affair as technology ruled the latest performance gains fo...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 28

1918
Salmson 2
The French Salmson concern was founded in 1890 by Emile Salmson and produced a variety of automobiles prior to World War 1. J...
Thumbnail picture of the Salmson 2

1916
Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)
Like other Sopwith Aviation Company aircraft, the wartime Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter owed its existence to the arrival of the Sop...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)

1915
Sopwith Baby
Sopwith Aviation was founded in 1912 by Thomas Sopwith (1888-1989) at Kingston upon Thames in London. At its peak, it employe...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Baby

1916
Sopwith Triplane
The Sopwith Triplane (dubbed the "Triplehound" by her pilots) was a three wing design built upon the successes of the Sopwith...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Triplane

1915
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD A.2

1916
SPAD S.VII
The SPAD S.VII (or "S.7") was one of France's best single-seat fighters of World War 1 (1914-1918). The type epitomized the q...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.VII

1917
SPAD S.XI
The storied engineering career of Frenchman Louis Bechereau spanned decades and several popular designs during World War 1 (...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XI

1917
SPAD S.XII
French flying ace Georges Guynemer pushed the idea of a cannon-armed fighter plane after his experiences in aircraft such as ...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XII

1917
SPAD S.XIII
The SPAD S.XIII (S.13) was a further development of the successful SPAD S.VII (S.7) design, the latter eventually becoming ou...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIII

1918
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIV

1920
SPAD S.XX (S.20)
During World War 1 (1914-1918), the advantage in the air war over Europe had changed hands several times, driven by a combina...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XX (S.20)

1918
SSZ.65
The "Submarine Scout Zero" ("SSZ") airships were manufactured across seventy-seven examples during World War 1 (1914-1918) be...
Thumbnail picture of the SSZ.65

1915
Vickers FB.5 (Gunbus)
The FB.5 (also known as the "Gunbus") was of a biplane type design for the scouting role. What set the system apart from earl...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers FB.5 (Gunbus)

1919
Vickers Vimy
The Vimy was designed to a Royal Air Force (RAF) requirement for a night bomber with inherently long endurance intended to re...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Vimy

1915
Voisin Type 5
The French Voisin Type 5 bomber was developed from the proven Voisin III series and saw action in the First World War. Though...
Thumbnail picture of the Voisin Type 5