Military Factory
Military Factory

WW1 French Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 3/20/2014

Second only to Germany, France's developments in fighter design helped wrestle the skies from enemy control during World War 1.


There are a total of 28 WW1 French Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.

Bleriot XI
The Bleriot XI was one of the first notable monoplanes to achieve any level of fame. Primitive by today's standards, the syst...
Thumbnail picture of the Bleriot XI

Breguet Br.M5
The Breguet Br.M5 series of biplane bomber was developed from the Breguet Br.M4. The Br.M5 was operated by a crew of two with...
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Br.M5

Breguet Bre.14
French aviation design triumphed with the arrival of the Breguet Bre.14 series (sometimes written as Breguet Br.XIV). The air...
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Bre.14

Caproni Ca.3
The Caproni Ca.36 represented the definitive model in the C-bomber series debuted in 1914 as the C.31. The Ca.36 was a tremen...
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.3

Caudron G.4
The Caudron G.4 series was a twin-engine bomber platform introduced in the early years of World War 1 by the French. The syst...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron G.4

Caudron R.11
The Caudron R.11 was initially developed as an armed reconnaissance platform for the French Air Service and found its niche a...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron R.11

Dorand AR
The Dorand AR series was developed for the French air service to replace the outmoded, two-seat Farman F.40 observation aircr...
Thumbnail picture of the Dorand AR

Farman MF.11 Shorthorn
The Farman MF.11 "Shorthorn" was a development of French aeronautical engineering and was essentially an early-war biplane de...
Thumbnail picture of the Farman MF.11 Shorthorn

Hanriot HD.1
Despite its French origins, the Hanriot HD.1 biplane fighter saw extensive service with the Belgian and Italian air services ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hanriot HD.1

Morane-Saulnier Type N
The Moraine-Saulnier Type N (or simply "Moraine-Saulnier N") was a French fighter aircraft of the First World War. It appeare...
Thumbnail picture of the Morane-Saulnier Type N

Nieuport 11 (Bebe)
The Nieuport 11 "Bebe" (or "Baby" - known officially as the "Nieuport 11 C1") was one of the first true Allied fighters of Wo...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 11 (Bebe)

Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 12

Nieuport 17
Fresh off of the heels of the success that was the Nieuport 11, the Nieuport 17 was a direct development intended to improve ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 17

Nieuport 27
The Nieuport Nie.27 (or simply Nieuport 27) was designed by Gustave Delage and became an advanced trainer and frontline fight...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 27

Nieuport 28
The French-built Nieuport 28 fighter was the third of the successful trilogy of "Nieuport Fighting Scouts" that included the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 28

Salmson 2
The French Salmson concern was founded in 1890 by Emile Salmson and produced a variety of automobiles prior to World War 1. J...
Thumbnail picture of the Salmson 2

Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)
Like other Sopwith Aviation Company aircraft, the wartime Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter owed its existence to the arrival of the Sop...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)

Sopwith Baby
Sopwith Aviation was founded in 1912 by Thomas Sopwith (1888-1989) at Kingston upon Thames in London. At its peak, it employe...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Baby

The SPAD S.VII (or "S.7") was one of France's best single-seat fighters of World War 1 (1914-1918). The type epitomized the q...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.VII

The storied engineering career of Frenchman Louis Bechereau spanned decades and several popular designs during World War 1 (...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XI

French flying ace Georges Guynemer pushed the idea of a cannon-armed fighter plane after his experiences in aircraft such as ...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XII

The SPAD S.XIII (S.13) was a further development of the successful SPAD S.VII (S.7) design, the latter eventually becoming ou...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIII

Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIV

SPAD S.XX (S.20)
During World War 1 (1914-1918), the advantage in the air war over Europe had changed hands several times, driven by a combina...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XX (S.20)

The "Submarine Scout Zero" ("SSZ") airships were manufactured across seventy-seven examples during World War 1 (1914-1918) be...
Thumbnail picture of the SSZ.65

Vickers FB.5
The FB.5 (also known as the "Gunbus") was of a biplane type design for the scouting role. What set the system apart from earl...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers FB.5

Vickers Vimy
The Vimy was designed to a Royal Air Force (RAF) requirement for a night bomber with inherently long endurance intended to re...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Vimy

Voisin Type 5
The French Voisin Type 5 bomber was developed from the proven Voisin III series and saw action in the First World War. Though...
Thumbnail picture of the Voisin Type 5