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    World War 1 Fighter Aircraft (1914-1918)

    Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 2/29/2016

    The fighter aircraft was born over the skies of Europe during World War 1, having evolved from unarmed - and then armed - fighting scouts.





    There are a total of (83) World War 1 Fighter Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




    1915
    Airco DH.2
    Geoffrey de Havilland was hired by the Airco firm in June of 1914 as lead designer and quickly lent ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.2

    1917
    Airco DH.5
    With the vantage point afforded to pilots of the earlier Airco DH.2 model, famous aircraft designer ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.5

    1915
    Albatros C.III
    Albatros built several "C-type" twin-seat reconnaissance biplanes for the German Air Service in Worl... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.III

    1916
    Albatros D.I
    The Albatros Flugzeugwerke firm certainly made a name for itself in World War 1. It was responsible ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.I

    1916
    Albatros D.II
    Albatros produced a variety of capable fighter mounts throughout World War 1 and the original D.I se... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.II

    1917
    Albatros D.III
    While the Albatros D.I proved critical in winning back air superiority for the Germans in early 1917... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.III

    1917
    Albatros D.V
    At the time of its inception, the Albatros D-series of fighter aircraft (beginning with the D.I mode... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.V

    1917
    Albatros D.Va
    The Albatros D.I of 1916 proved instrumental in bringing air superiority back into the favor of the ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.Va

    1918
    Ansaldo A 1 Balilla (Hunter)
    The Ansaldo A 1 Balilla ("Hunter") was the first aircraft fighter design of Italian origins. Italian... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Ansaldo A 1 Balilla (Hunter)

    1917
    Armstrong Whitworth FK8
    The Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8 model series was a biplane aircraft conceived of by aircraft designer ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Armstrong Whitworth FK8

    1917
    Aviatik D.I (Berg D.I)
    The Aviatik D.I served the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a fighter and reconnaissance escort through th... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Aviatik D.I (Berg D.I)

    1917
    Beardmore WB III / SB 3
    The Beardmore WB III was nothing more than a highly-modified, navalized version of the successful la... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Beardmore WB III / SB 3

    1918
    Boulton Paul P.3 Bobolink
    Boulton Paul's first entry into fighter aircraft design and development came through the P.3 "Boboli... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boulton Paul P.3 Bobolink

    1917
    Breguet Br.14
    French aviation design triumphed with the arrival of the Breguet Br.14 series (sometimes written as ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Br.14

    1915
    Breguet Br.5
    The Breguet Br.5 series of biplane bomber was developed from the Breguet Br.4. The Br.5 was operated... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Br.5

    1917
    Bristol F.2
    The Bristol F.2 fighter series operated throughout the British Empire for decades, serving through W... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Bristol F.2

    1914
    Bristol Scout
    The Bristol Scout was born from a racing aircraft and was, therefore, based upon an excellent perfor... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Bristol Scout

    1917
    Caudron G.6
    The French aviation concern of Caudron continued to evolve their serviceable G-series reconnaissance... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caudron G.6

    1918
    Caudron R.11
    The Caudron R.11 was initially developed as an armed reconnaissance platform for the French Air Serv... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caudron R.11

    1915
    DFW T.28 Floh (Flea)
    Perhaps one of the ugliest biplane fighters ever designed, the DFW T.28 "Floh" ("Flea") was the prod... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the DFW T.28 Floh (Flea)

    1918
    Fokker C.I
    The Fokker C.I was a biplane aircraft that entered development under the flag of the German Empire d... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker C.I

    1918
    Fokker D.VII
    Regarded as Germany's finest fighter of World War 1 (1914-1918), the Fokker D.VII actually had a sho... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker D.VII

    1918
    Fokker D.VIII (Fokker E.V)
    The Fokker D.VIII was a rare monoplane design of World War 1 and regarded as one of the best fighter... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker D.VIII (Fokker E.V)

    1917
    Fokker Dr.I (Dreidecker)
    The Fokker Dr.I ("Dr" for "Dreidecker" meaning "triplane") series is most closely associated with Ma... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker Dr.I (Dreidecker)

    1915
    Fokker E (Eindecker)
    As with most aircraft developed during World War 1, the Eindecker series enjoyed a relatively short ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker E (Eindecker)

    1917
    Fokker V.4 (Fokker D.VI)
    The engineering path to the classic Fokker Dr.I Triplane of World War 1 fame went through several pr... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker V.4 (Fokker D.VI)

    1917
    Fokker V.5 (Fokker F.I)
    The Fokker V.6 continued the line of triplane prototype fighter begun by Fokker with the V.4 intende... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker V.5 (Fokker F.I)

    1917
    Fokker V.6 (Fokker D.VII)
    The Fokker V.6 continued the line of triplane prototype fighter begun by Fokker with the V.4 intende... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker V.6 (Fokker D.VII)

    1917
    Fokker V.8 (Quintuplane)
    The arrival of the Sopwith Triplane for the Allies in World War 1 immediately showcased to the Germa... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fokker V.8 (Quintuplane)

    1918
    Halberstadt CL.IV
    The CL.IV was a further development of the CL.II design, both aircraft a product of Halberstadt Flug... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Halberstadt CL.IV

    1916
    Hanriot HD.1
    Despite its French origins, the Hanriot HD.1 biplane fighter saw extensive service with the Belgian ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Hanriot HD.1

    1916
    Hansa-Brandenburg C.I (Type LDD)
    The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I was a two-seat reconnaissance aircraft seeing action with the Austro-Hunga... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg C.I (Type LDD)

    1916
    Hansa-Brandenburg D.I (Type KD)
    The D.I was another of Ernst Heinkel's aircraft designs for the Hansa-Brandenburg firm (known formal... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg D.I (Type KD)

    1917
    Hansa-Brandenburg W.12
    The Hansa-Brandenburg W.12 was a two-seat floatplane fighter seaplane design serving the German Empi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg W.12

    1918
    Junkers CL.I
    The Junkers CL.I was something of a break-through aircraft design for its time, appearing during the... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Junkers CL.I

    1916
    LFG Roland C.II (Whale)
    The LFG Roland C.II was a rather advanced biplane fighter design of World War 1 (1914-1918) serving ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the LFG Roland C.II (Whale)

    1918
    LFG Roland D.VI
    The LFG Roland D.VI was adopted by the German Air Service of World War 1 (1914-1918) as a successor ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the LFG Roland D.VI

    1915
    Lloyd C.II
    The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, w... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Lloyd C.II

    1917
    LTG FD.1
    Luft Torpedo Gesellschaft (LTG) of Germany delivered for the German Navy of World War 1 (1914-1918) ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the LTG FD.1

    1915
    LVG C.II
    The LVG C.II was a limited-production reconnaissance scout plane utilized by the German Empire durin... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the LVG C.II

    1917
    LVG C.V
    The LVG C.V was a general-purpose, two-seat reconnaissance aircraft utilized by the German air servi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the LVG C.V

    1917
    LVG D.III
    LVG (Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft) was established in Berlin-Johannisthal, Germany during 1912 and amo... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the LVG D.III

    1917
    Macchi M.5
    The Italian concern of Macchi was founded in 1912 by Giulio Macchi out of Varese, Italy. Despite Ita... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Macchi M.5

    1918
    Macchi M.7
    Before the Italian concern of Macchi developed its stable of frontline fighters for the Italian Air ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Macchi M.7

    1918
    Martinsyde F.4 Buzzard
    The Martinsyde F.4 "Buzzard" was a British-designed, single-seat fighting biplane appearing in the l... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Martinsyde F.4 Buzzard

    1915
    Morane-Saulnier Type N
    The Moraine-Saulnier Type N (or simply "Moraine-Saulnier N") was a French fighter aircraft of the Fi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Morane-Saulnier Type N

    1915
    Nieuport 11 (Bebe)
    The Nieuport 11 "Bebe" (or "Baby" - known officially as the "Nieuport 11 C1") was one of the first t... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 11 (Bebe)

    1915
    Nieuport 12
    Air superiority became a back-and-forth affair for the air services involved in World War 1 (1914-19... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 12

    1916
    Nieuport 17
    Fresh off of the heels of the success that was the Nieuport 11, the Nieuport 17 was a direct develop... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 17

    1917
    Nieuport 27
    The Nieuport Nie.27 (or simply Nieuport 27) was designed by Gustave Delage and became an advanced tr... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 27

    1918
    Nieuport 28
    Aerial combat in World War 1 (1914-1918) turned into a tit-for-tat affair as technology ruled the la... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 28

    1918
    Packard-Le Pere LUSAC-11
    French Captain Georges LePere was employed by the United States Army Air Service (USAAS) in 1917 whe... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Packard-Le Pere LUSAC-11

    1917
    Pfalz D.III
    The Pfalz D.III was an exceptional aircraft produced in large numbers by Bavaria for Bavarian forces... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Pfalz D.III

    1915
    Pfalz E.I
    Pfalz Flugzeugwerke (PFW) was arranged to manufacture aircraft for the Bavarian Flying Service in 19... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Pfalz E.I

    1917
    Phonix D (Series)
    The Phonix D.I was a single-seat fighter platform developed and produced by the Phonix Flugzeug-Werk... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Phonix D (Series)

    1916
    Ponnier M.1
    While the earlier Ponnier L.1 biplane scout aircraft (detailed elsewhere on this site) failed to imp... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Ponnier M.1

    1912
    Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2
    The Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 was born through the Royal Balloon Factory (RBF) establishment whic... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2

    1915
    Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2
    The F.E.2 series of aircraft were produced by the Royal Aircraft Factory and had their origins in th... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2

    1916
    Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8
    The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 ("F.E." for "Fighter Experimental") was developed in 1915 and relea... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8

    1917
    Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5
    The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 ("S.E." for "Scout Experimental") was designed from the outset as a... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5

    1916
    Rumpler 6B
    The Rumpler concern has become a largely forgotten aviation manufacturer when pitted alongside the l... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler 6B

    1917
    Rumpler D.I
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler D.I

    1910
    Rumpler Taube (Etrich Taube)
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler Taube (Etrich Taube)

    1916
    Siemens-Schuckert D.I
    So desperate were the Germans of finding a counter to the French Nieuport 17 biplane fighter that th... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Siemens-Schuckert D.I

    1917
    Siemens-Schuckert D.III
    The Siemens-Schuckert D series of fighters evolved from captured French-made Nieuport 11 aircraft. T... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Siemens-Schuckert D.III

    1918
    Siemens-Schuckert D.IV
    The Siemens-Schuckert D.IV was a further development of the D-series brand, itself a copy of the spe... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Siemens-Schuckert D.IV

    1916
    Sikorsky S-16 (RBVZ S-XVI)
    Designed by Ukrainian aviation engineer Igor Sikorsky, the S-16 was developed to a Russian Empire re... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky S-16 (RBVZ S-XVI)

    1916
    Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)
    Like other Sopwith Aviation Company aircraft, the wartime Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter owed its existence ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)

    1917
    Sopwith Camel
    Though the Sopwith Camel (the official designation being Sopwith Biplane F.1) was designed as a repl... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Camel

    1917
    Sopwith Dolphin
    The Sopwith Dolphin was yet another fighter design in the long line of Thomas Sopwith production air... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Dolphin

    1918
    Sopwith Dragon
    The Sopwith "Snipe" single-seat, single-engine biplane fighter appeared during the latter stages of ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Dragon

    1916
    Sopwith Pup
    The Sopwith Pup was a World War 1-era biplane fighter design appearing in 1916 during a time when Ge... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Pup

    1918
    Sopwith Snipe
    The Sopwith Snipe took all of the components that had made the Sopwith Camel a legend in the middle ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Snipe

    1916
    Sopwith Triplane
    The Sopwith Triplane (dubbed the "Triplehound" by her pilots) was a three wing design built upon the... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Triplane

    1915
    SPAD S.A
    Developed in the mold of a "fighting scout", the French-originated SPAD S.A served in the armed reco... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.A

    1916
    SPAD S.VII
    The SPAD S.VII (or "S.7") was one of France's best single-seat fighters of World War 1 (1914-1918). ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.VII

    1917
    SPAD S.XI
    The storied engineering career of Frenchman Louis Bechereau spanned decades and several popular des... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XI

    1917
    SPAD S.XII
    French flying ace Georges Guynemer pushed the idea of a cannon-armed fighter plane after his experie... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XII

    1917
    SPAD S.XIII
    The SPAD S.XIII (S.13) was a further development of the successful SPAD S.VII (S.7) design, the latt... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIII

    1917
    SPAD S.XIV
    The SPAD S.XIV was a floatplane version of the earlier S.XII fighter. The original S.XII was develop... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIV

    1920
    SPAD S.XX (S.20)
    During World War 1 (1914-1918), the advantage in the air war over Europe had changed hands several t... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XX (S.20)

    1918
    Ufag C.I
    The Ufag C.I was a two-seat, single-engine biplane fighter serving the Austro-Hungarian Empire air s... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Ufag C.I

    1918
    Vought VE-7 Bluebird
    In 1917 Mr. Birdseye B. Lewis formed an aircraft business with the Vought group, becoming the Lewis ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Vought VE-7 Bluebird