Military Factory
Military Factory

Experimental / X-Plane Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 3/5/2014

Breaking down the barriers of flight has never been a painless - or cheap - experience.

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There are a total of 186 Experimental / X-Plane Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1944
Arado Ar E.381 (Kleinstjager)
The Ar E.381-series of prototypes was submitted in 1944 for review by the German Air Ministry. Whilst a plethora of companies...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.381 (Kleinstjager)

1936
Arado Ar E.500
The E.500 was a proposed heavy fighter design put forth by Arado Flugzeugwerke of Germany. The system was designed as early a...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.500

1940
Arado Ar E.530
The idea of twin fuselage aircraft was always in the minds of military aircraft engineers throughout the Second World War. Co...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.530

1943
Arado Ar E.555
Arado proposed this E.555 flying wing concept towards the end of 1943 as a high-speed long-range bomber. The flying wing conc...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.555

1945
Arado Ar E.560
The Arado E.560 series of developmental high-speed jet bombers saw a large evolution on paper. Design of the platform centere...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.560

1937
Arado Ar E.561
The Arado Ar E.561 was on the drawing boards as early as 1937. Classified as a heavy fighter, the type would have lived and d...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.561

1944
Arado Ar E.580
Once the Volksjager competition came around in 1944, Arado Flugzeugwerke went back to a 1943 design and added revisions to pr...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.580

1944
Arado Ar E.581.4
The Arado Ar E.581.4 was a proposed single-seat, jet-powered fighter design put forth by the Arado concern (best known for it...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.581.4

1943
Arado Ar E.654 (Kampfzerstorer / Skorpion)
The Arado Ar E.654 was proposed as a heavy fighter / destroyer platform designed from another Arado product - the Ar 240. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.654 (Kampfzerstorer / Skorpion)

1945
Arado Ar Projekt II
The Arado Ar Projekt II was a proposed jet-powered fighter of considerable size. It carried a basic classification of nightfi...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar Projekt II

1943
Arado Ar TEW 16/43-13
The Arado Ar TEW 16/43-13 was a design concept envisioned as a rocket-propelled interceptor for the German Luftwaffe. The des...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-13

1943
Arado Ar TEW 16/43-15
The Arado Ar TEW 16/43-15 concept was born out of an in-house research project studying the possibilities of jet-powered figh...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-15

1943
Arado Ar TEW 16/43-19
With development of the advanced twin-engine, jet-powered Ar 234 "Blitz" bomber coming along, the Arado firm turned its atten...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-19

1943
Arado Ar TEW 16/43-23
The single-seat, jet-powered Arado Ar TEW 16/43-23 design was penciled sometime in 1943. Categorized as a fighter, the type m...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-23

1945
Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter)
Project NJ-1 "Nacht Jager 1" ("Night Hunter 1") was put forth by the Arado concern of Germany during the latter stages of Wor...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter)

1947
Armstrong Whitworth AW52
Flying wings were not strictly the domain of the Americans and German during World War 2 (1939-1944) for the British also sha...
Thumbnail picture of the Armstrong Whitworth AW52

1916
Avro 523 Pike
Avro (A.V. Roe and Company) was founded in 1910 and based out of Manchester. The firm played a large role from World War 1 in...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 523 Pike

1949
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 707

1959
BAC TSR-2
Along the same lines as the prototype North American XB-70 Valkyrie strategic bomber of the United States Air Force, the BAC ...
Thumbnail picture of the BAC TSR-2

1945
Bachem Ba 349 Natter (Adder / Viper)
The Bachem Ba 349 Natter (translated to "Adder" though also known as the "Viper") was one of the late-war German aircraft ini...
Thumbnail picture of the Bachem Ba 349 Natter (Adder / Viper)

2009
BAe Systems Mantis
European reliance on UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) systems has grown considerably with each passing modern conflict and sever...
Thumbnail picture of the BAe Systems Mantis

2018
BAe Systems Taranis
The UCAV (Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle) is the evolution of the UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle). The UAV began life as a reconna...
Thumbnail picture of the BAe Systems Taranis

1944
Beechcraft XA-38 Grizzly / Destroyer (Model 28)
The XA-38 was a developmental twin-engine heavy fighter produced by the Beech Aircraft firm. By all accounts, she was a stabl...
Thumbnail picture of the Beechcraft XA-38 Grizzly / Destroyer (Model 28)

2006
Bell ARH-70 (Arapaho)
The Bell ARH-70 helicopter was developed for the US Army as a possible direct replacement to the successful but aged Kiowa Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell ARH-70 (Arapaho)

2020
Bell V-280 Valor
Bell Helicopters is forging their 3rd Generation Tiltrotor concept for marketing to the United States Army and its Future Ver...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell V-280 Valor

1947
Bell X-1
The Bell X-1 was an advanced technology demonstrator that became the first aircraft in the history of aviation to break the s...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell X-1

1951
Bell X-5
The X-5 was an experimental single-seat, single-engine, jet-powered fighter design prototype produced by the Bell Aircraft co...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell X-5

1940
Bell XFL Airabonita
The XFL "Airabonita" was a Bell Aircraft Company product developed in parallel with the P-39 Airacobra, a land-based USAAF de...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell XFL Airabonita

1940
Bell XFM-1 Airacuda
In the same way that the XFM-1 Airacuda was a "different" sort of aircraft, the Bell company itself was "different sort" of a...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell XFM-1 Airacuda

1944
Bell XP-77
The deteriorating war situations in both Europe and the Far East during World War 2 began forcing American warplanners to thi...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell XP-77

1945
Bell XP-83
In 1942, with World War in full swing across Europe and the Pacific, work began on an American turbo jet-powered aircraft to ...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell XP-83

1942
Berezniak-Isayev BI
Rocket- and jet-powered fighter aircraft were not the sole developments of Germany, Britain, and the United States during Wor...
Thumbnail picture of the Berezniak-Isayev BI

1909
Bleriot XI
The Bleriot XI was one of the first notable monoplanes to achieve any level of fame. Primitive by today's standards, the syst...
Thumbnail picture of the Bleriot XI

1938
Blohm and Voss Bv 141
While the Blohm & Voss (or "Blohm und Voss") aircraft firm will forever be linked to their many successful floatplanes and fl...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss Bv 141

1944
Blohm and Voss P.208
Blohm and Voss, the famous German shipbuilder of World War 2 was also responsible for several of the well-known and easily re...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss P.208

1945
Blohm and Voss P.212
A major strategic oversight on the part of the German Air Ministry was not pursuing large four-engined heavy bombers to strik...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss P.212

1997
Boeing / McDonnell Douglas X-36
The Boeing X-36 (formerly McDonnell Douglas) was a unmanned technology demonstrator and served NASA (Ames and Dryden Research...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing / McDonnell Douglas X-36

2004
Boeing / Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche
At one point, the Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche was set to become the future of U.S. Army rotary-wing aviation. It was a stealth-b...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing / Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche

1983
Boeing Skyfox
The Boeing Skyfox was a modification program intended to modernized the large fleet of existing Lockheed T-33 "Shooting Star"...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing Skyfox

2000
Boeing X-32 JSF (Joint Stike Fighter)
The Boeing X-32 was a prototype aircraft developed for the US military's Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program. The Boeing submi...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing X-32 JSF (Joint Stike Fighter)

2002
Boeing X-45
The Boeing X-45 served as a proof-of-concept technology demonstrator - developed in conjunction with DARPA (Defense Advanced ...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing X-45

2010
Boeing X-51 (Waverider)
The Boeing X-51 "Waverider" is an unmanned technology demonstrator designed to further develop the concept of shockwave-assis...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing X-51 (Waverider)

1937
Boeing XB-15 (XBLR-1 / Grandpappy)
In 1933, the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) delivered a new specification for a heavy bomber with an inherent operation...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing XB-15 (XBLR-1 / Grandpappy)

1944
Boeing XF8B
The Boeing XF8B "do-everything" carrier-based fighter-bomber prototype of World War 2 (1939-1945) emerged at a time in Boeing...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing XF8B

1928
Boeing XP-8
Following World War 1 (1914-1918), the aircraft as a military platform advanced beyond its original fabric-over-wood covering...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing XP-8

1938
Boeing Y1B-20
Leading up to its famous stable of World War 2 heavy bombers, Boeing undertook a variety of projects to further existing tech...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing Y1B-20

1931
Boeing YB-9 (Death Angel)
Long before Boeing became a household name with its B-17 "Flying Fortress" bombers of World War 2 fame, it developed the firs...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing YB-9 (Death Angel)

1943
Brewster XA-32
The United States Army Air Corps appreciated the tactical scope of the German Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 87 "Stuka" dive bombers an...
Thumbnail picture of the Brewster XA-32

1908
British Army Aeroplane No 1 (Cody 1)
The British Army's first powered airship became the Dirigible No 1 "Nulli Secundus" born at the Balloon Factory in Farnboroug...
Thumbnail picture of the British Army Aeroplane No 1 (Cody 1)

1940
Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2)
With the introduction of the N1 (may also be known as the CC.2), Italy became only the second nation in the world to achieve ...
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2)

1979
CHDB A-90 Orlyonok (Eaglet) (Ekranoplan)
The Soviet Navy made use of several "ekranoplan" design forms during the Cold War decades, these pseudo-aircraft designs util...
Thumbnail picture of the CHDB A-90 Orlyonok (Eaglet) (Ekranoplan)

1910
Coanda 1910
This invention by Romanian inventor Henri Coanda amazingly appeared in 1910 as the world's first jet-propelled aircraft - jus...
Thumbnail picture of the Coanda 1910

1911
Curtiss A-1 Triad (Model E)
Like the United States Army's air service of the early 20th century, the United States Navy (USN) air power managed a humble ...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss A-1 Triad (Model E)

1944
Curtiss XF14C
Curtiss Aircraft enjoyed success with its inline piston-engined P-40 "Warhawk" series of fighters which went on to serve in m...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss XF14C

1939
Curtiss XP-42
The Curtiss XP-42 was a further development of the Curtiss P-36 Hawk model though it would share some initial outward similar...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss XP-42

1941
Curtiss XP-46
The smallish XP-46 was to be the answer for the deficiencies encountered in the P-40 Warhawk platform. Unfortunately for Curt...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss XP-46

1943
Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender
The XP-55 Ascender was an unorthodox attempt by the Curtiss-Wright company that produced just three prototype models. Answeri...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender

1948
Curtiss-Wright XP-87 / XF-87 Blackhawk
The XF-87 was a failed proposal attempted by the Curtiss-Wright aircraft design bureau to meet an Air Force requirement for t...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss-Wright XP-87 / XF-87 Blackhawk

2010
DARPA Falcon HTV-2
Billed as the "World's Fastest Airplane", the Falcon HTV-2 ("Hypersonic Technology Vehicle") is a long-duration, hypersonic t...
Thumbnail picture of the DARPA Falcon HTV-2

2012
DARPA KQ-X (Global Hawk)
KQ-X is a program designation commissioned by DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) of the United States to modif...
Thumbnail picture of the DARPA KQ-X (Global Hawk)

1965
Dassault Mirage IIIV
The Mirage IIIV was designed to a NATO requirement for a supersonic VTOL (Vertical Take-Off and Landing) fighter aircraft. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Dassault Mirage IIIV

2018
Dassault nEUROn
The Dassault nEUROn is an Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) technology demonstrator intended to provide participating Europe...
Thumbnail picture of the Dassault nEUROn

1946
de Havilland DH.108 (Swallow)
The elegant - though highly lethal - de Havilland DH.108 "Swallow" was one of the more important research aircraft for Britis...
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.108 (Swallow)

1947
Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak (Phase 1)
World War 2 (1939-1945) sparked a research boom for American aviation - particularly concerning the realm of transonic/supers...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak (Phase 1)

1948
Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket (Phase 2)
Prior to the end of World War 2 (1939-1945), the US Navy teamed with National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics ("NACA" - fo...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket (Phase 2)

1952
Douglas X-3 (Stiletto)
The Douglas X-3 existed purely as a research aircraft, designed to study the barrier of sustained, supersonic jet-powered fli...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas X-3 (Stiletto)

1941
Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)
Douglas Aircraft played a major role in American aviation from the 1920s into the 1960s, encompassing the Golden Age of Fligh...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)

2010
Eurocopter X3 (X Cubed)
The Eurocopter X3 (or simply as the "X-Cubed") is an developmental rotary-wing platform intended to validate a helicopter des...
Thumbnail picture of the Eurocopter X3 (X Cubed)

1945
Fairey Spearfish
Fairey Aviation, founded as early as 1915, had been designing, developing and building warplanes since World War 1 (1914-1918...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Spearfish

1943
Fisher XP-75 / P-75 Eagle
General Motors became a major player in the American manufacturing realm when World War 2 arrived for the United States. With...
Thumbnail picture of the Fisher XP-75 / P-75 Eagle

1939
Flettner Fl 265
The Flettner Fl 265 served as an experimental helicopter system for the German Kriegsmarine during World War 2. In many ways,...
Thumbnail picture of the Flettner Fl 265

1942
Focke-Wulf Fw 191
The Fw 191 was the Focke-Wulf submission to the German Air Ministry's "Bomber B" program of 1939. Authorities were sold on th...
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Fw 191

1945
Focke-Wulf Ta 183 (Huckebein)
By late in World War 2, German authorities had already made a stout commitment to the production of fighters over bombers. Se...
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Ta 183 (Huckebein)

2015
General Atomics Sea Avenger
The United States Navy's "Unmanned, Carrier-Launched, Airborne Surveillance and Strike" (UCLASS) program was launched to deli...
Thumbnail picture of the General Atomics Sea Avenger

1982
General Dynamics F-16XL
What began life as a General Dynamics research project evolved into a United States Air Force contender to replace the expens...
Thumbnail picture of the General Dynamics F-16XL

1945
Gotha Go P.60C
The Gotha Project 60C nightfighter was another late-war "paper airplane" design attempt intended to defend the Reich from the...
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha Go P.60C

1982
Grumman X-29
The Grumman X-29 aircraft was a technology demonstrator appearing in the latter years of the Cold War (1947-1991). The design...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman X-29

1941
Grumman XP-50 Skyrocket
Firmly entrenched as an aircraft supplier to the United States Navy, the Grumman aircraft company set about to supply an equa...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman XP-50 Skyrocket

2025
HAL AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft)
India plans to join other military powers - namely the United States, Russia, and (possibly) China - as operators of the only...
Thumbnail picture of the HAL AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft)

2015
HAL LCH (Light Combat Helicopter)
The HAL LCH ("Light Combat Helicopter") is an indigenous Indian attack helicopter currently in development as of this writing...
Thumbnail picture of the HAL LCH (Light Combat Helicopter)

2022
HAL Sukhoi PMF/FGFA
In December of 2010, it was announced that a partnership deal had been reached between the governments of India and Russia on...
Thumbnail picture of the HAL Sukhoi PMF/FGFA

1939
Hawker Tornado
The Hawker Tornado was born of the same initiative that brought forth the Hawker Typhoon of World War 2. The initiative itsel...
Thumbnail picture of the Hawker Tornado

1939
Heinkel He 176
In the late 1930s, the Heinkel concern of Germany began work on the world's first all-liquid fueled rocket-propelled aircraft...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 176

1939
Heinkel He 178
The Heinkel He 178 became the world's first practical turbojet-powered aircraft to fly, beginning a new age of aviation in th...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 178

1933
Heinkel He 70 (Blitz)
The Heinkel 70 (Blitz) was originally born out of a need for a speedy aeroplane charged with "fast" mail delivery for the Deu...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 70 (Blitz)

1941
Henschel Hs P.75
The Henschel Hs P.75 appeared in 1941 as a possible contender to the outmoded and outclassed Messerschmitt BF 110 "Zerstorer"...
Thumbnail picture of the Henschel Hs P.75

1945
Horten Ho IX / Horten Ho 229
The Horten Ho IX (or "Horten Ho 229" - sometimes wrongly designated the "Gotha Go 229") maintains a certain level of celebrit...
Thumbnail picture of the Horten Ho IX / Horten Ho 229

1944
Horton Ho X (10)
The Horten Ho X (10) continued the Horten Brother's love affair with the flying wing concept. The concept was notably solidif...
Thumbnail picture of the Horton Ho X (10)

1935
Hughes H-1 (Hughes 1B)
The H-1 (also known as the "Hughes 1B") model was the first product of the Hughes Aircraft firm and was intended as a world r...
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes H-1 (Hughes 1B)

1943
Hughes Model D-2 (XP-73 / XA-37)
The Hughes Model D-2 was born around 1937 to compete for the US Army Air Corp's (USAAC) contract for a twin-boom "fast fighte...
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes Model D-2 (XP-73 / XA-37)

1966
Hughes OH-6 Cayuse (Loach)
The Hughes OH-6 "Cayuse" (popularly recognized as the "Loach") was a revolutionary light helicopter mount primarily in servic...
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes OH-6 Cayuse (Loach)

1946
Hughes XR-11 / XF-11
Though only achieving prototype form, the XF-11 was one of the darling designs of famed American aviator Howard Hughes. Looki...
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes XR-11 / XF-11

1943
Junkers Ju 390 (New York Bomber)
The German Junkers Ju 390 long range heavy bomber aircraft design was intended to be able to strike at locations along the ea...
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 390 (New York Bomber)

2020
KAI KF-X
The "5th Generation Fighter" - along with the "Unmanned Aerial Vehicle" - is the current buzzword in the aviation defense ind...
Thumbnail picture of the KAI KF-X

1945
Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK
The "escort carrier" was adopted by the United States Navy during World War 2 (1939-1945) to provide an aircraft carrier-type...
Thumbnail picture of the Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK

1933
Kalinin K-7
Konstantin Kalinin (1889-1938) had forged his history in aviation as a Red Army pilot during the Russian Civil War (1918-1920...
Thumbnail picture of the Kalinin K-7

1959
Kamov Ka-22
Since the prospect of vertical flight became established during the 1940s and evolved throughout the 1950s by way of the "hel...
Thumbnail picture of the Kamov Ka-22

1941
Kawasaki Ki-60
The Kawasaki Ki-60 was an ultimately abandoned interceptor/fighter design that was attempted as early as 1941 with the progra...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-60

1943
Kawasaki Ki-64 (Rob)
During the height of World War 2 (1939-1945), all major participants undertook various programs to further evolve existing we...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-64 (Rob)

1945
Kyushu J7W Shinden (Magnificent Lightning)
The unorthodox Kyushu J7W Shinden ("Magnificent Lightning") was a "wonder-weapon" of the Empire of Japan in the closing month...
Thumbnail picture of the Kyushu J7W Shinden (Magnificent Lightning)

1944
Lippisch P.13A
Alexander Lippisch (1894-1976) became an important figure in aviation research, having earned his "wings" as an aerial photog...
Thumbnail picture of the Lippisch P.13A

1967
Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne
The AH-56 Cheyenne was Lockheed's first and only foray into development of a production helicopter. In many respects, howeve...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed AH-56 Cheyenne

2005
Lockheed Martin Polecat (P-175)
The Lockheed Martin "Polecat" was a private venture high-altitude, Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) flying wing development inten...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed Martin Polecat (P-175)

2013
Lockheed Martin X-56A (MUTT)
Flutter affects the wing assemblies of any aircraft at speed, causing a violent oscillation to take place which ultimately de...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed Martin X-56A (MUTT)

2030
Lockheed SR-72
Developed with the same primary mission as the Cold War-era SR-71 "Blackbird", the new high-speed, high-altitude-minded SR-72...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed SR-72

1942
Lockheed XP-49
The XP-49 was a development of the Lockheed Corporation and a possible replacement for its successful line of P-38 Lightning ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed XP-49

1944
Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning
The XP-58 "Chain Lightning" was initially envisioned as a larger version of the successful Lockheed P-38 Lightning twin-boom ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning

1987
Lun (Ekranoplan)
One of the more interesting of the Cold War aircraft developments became the massive Soviet Lun Ekranoplan (NATO codename of ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lun (Ekranoplan)

1955
Martin P6M SeaMaster
The Cold War (1947-1991) period was one of technological advancement whose momentum was driven by developments during World W...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin P6M SeaMaster

1969
Thumbnail picture of the Martin X-24A

1973
Thumbnail picture of the Martin X-24B

1949
Martin XB-51
Developed as a low-level bomber and ground attack platform for the then-United States Army Air Force (USAAF), the Martin XB-5...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin XB-51

1983
McDonnell Douglas / General Dynamics A-12 Avenger II
The McDonnell Douglas A-12 "Avenger II" was slated to become the United States Navy's (USN) first stealth aircraft. The type ...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell Douglas / General Dynamics A-12 Avenger II

1948
McDonnell XF-85 Goblin (Parasite Fighter)
The XF-85 Goblin was an attempt by the McDonnell bureau to realize the dream of a "parasite fighter" program that was actuall...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell XF-85 Goblin (Parasite Fighter)

1948
McDonnell XF-88 Voodoo
World War 2 proved to American warplanners that the importance of escort fighters for their bombers could not be overstated. ...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell XF-88 Voodoo

1943
McDonnell XP-67 Bat / Moonbat
The XP-67 was the first attempt by the McDonnell corporation to build a fighter for the United States Military. The same corp...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell XP-67 Bat / Moonbat

1943
Messerschmitt Me 209-II
The Messerschmitt Me 209-II was a proposed successor to the far-reaching Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter. The Bf 109 was the sta...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 209-II

1942
Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika (America)
The Messerschmitt Me 264 was intended as a long-range aircraft and reconnaissance platform that was to supply the German Luft...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika (America)

1942
Messerschmitt Me 309
The Messerschmitt Me 309 was one of two fighters (joining the later Me 209-II) developed by the German concern during World W...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 309

1944
Messerschmitt Me P.1101
The Messerschmitt Me P.1101 was a swept-wing, single-seat, single-engine jet-powered fighter aircraft under development for t...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me P.1101

1944
Messerschmitt Me P.1101/92
In 1944, Messerschmitt (among other German aircraft firms) was hard at work penciling out design concepts for the German Air ...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me P.1101/92

1944
Messerschmitt Me P.1106
Realizing the limitations of the P.1101 jet-powered, variable-wing fighter design, German engineer Doctor Woldemar Voigt and ...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me P.1106

1999
Mikoyan MiG 1.42 / 1.44 / MFI
Mikoyan designed the MiG 1.42 in response to a Soviet requirement for a multi-role frontline fighter through the "Multifuncti...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan MiG 1.42 / 1.44 / MFI

1962
Mil Mi-6 (Hook)
The Mil Mi-6 was an inventory stalwart for the Soviet Union and its allies during the Cold War. For a time, the Mi-6 represen...
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-6 (Hook)

1968
Thumbnail picture of the Mil V-12

1940
Thumbnail picture of the Miles M.20

2020
Mitsubishi ATD-X (Shinshin)
Joining several other notable world air powers, Japan is in the process of developing an indigenous 5th Generation Fighter co...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi ATD-X (Shinshin)

1959
Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)
The M-50 and M-52 bombers were two prototype intercontinental supersonic strategic bombers proposed by the Soviet firm of Mya...
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)

1922
Nieuport-Delage NiD 29
World War 1 had been raging in Europe since 1914 and aircraft technology had advanced ten-fold by 1918. The French firm of Ni...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport-Delage NiD 29

1950
Nord 1601
Following the end of World War 2 in 1945, French aero industry had a long, arduous path before it as it worked to recover fro...
Thumbnail picture of the Nord 1601

1942
North American XB-28 (Dragon)
North American, the U.S. aviation concern fondly remembered for its World War 2 contributions through the B-25 Mitchell mediu...
Thumbnail picture of the North American XB-28 (Dragon)

1964
North American XB-70 Valkyrie
The XB-70 Valkyrie was intended to be the USAF 'super bomber' for decades to come and was tabbed as the eventual successor to...
Thumbnail picture of the North American XB-70 Valkyrie

1957
North American YF-107 Ultra Sabre
The YF-107 "Ultra Sabre" prototype represented the final foray into military aviation for the North American Aircraft Corpora...
Thumbnail picture of the North American YF-107 Ultra Sabre

1982
Northrop F-20 Tigershark
The Northrop F-20 Tigershark was a further evolution of the F-5 Tiger II line, specifically the F-5E model series. The F-20 e...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop F-20 Tigershark

2014
Northrop Grumman / Bell Fire-X (MQ-8C)
The Fire-X is being jointly developed as a full-size Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) by Northrop Grumman and Bell Helicopter. T...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman / Bell Fire-X (MQ-8C)

2015
Northrop Grumman RQ-180
The existence of the Northrop Grumman RQ-180 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) was unveiled by the United States Air Force in Dec...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman RQ-180

2003
Northrop Grumman X-47A Pegasus
The X-47A "Pegasus" stealthy technology demonstrator Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) began as a private venture by defe...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman X-47A Pegasus

2011
Northrop Grumman X-47B
Following the proof-of-concept demonstrator X-47A "Pegasus", the X-47B was born as a full-sized technology demonstrating Unma...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman X-47B

1990
Northrop Grumman YF-23 Black Widow II
The YF-23 Black Widow II was Northrop Grumman's (along with McDonnell Douglas Corporation) answer to the American ATF (Advanc...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman YF-23 Black Widow II

1941
Northrop N-1M
John "Jack" Northrop long held a fascination with the "flying wing" concept, an aircraft that did not rely on a traditional t...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop N-1M

1942
Northrop N-9M
Before the famous Northrop B-2 "Spirit" stealth bomber became a reality, Jack Northrop persevered in bringing a viable milita...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop N-9M

1943
Northrop XP-56 Black Bullet
The XP-56 "Black Bullet" was designed by the Northrop company to an Army Air Corps proposal known as the R-40C. The XP-56 sto...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop XP-56 Black Bullet

1945
Northrop XP-79
The concept of the flying wing had been around since the dawn of flight and made more so intriguing throughout the 1920s and ...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop XP-79

1946
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop YB-35

1947
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop YB-49

1972
Northrop YF-17 (Cobra)
The YF-17 Cobra was a Northrop Aviation creation through NASA to support further testing and research of aircraft at transoni...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop YF-17 (Cobra)

1946
Republic XF-12 Rainbow
During World War 2, the Republic Aviation name was primarily tied to the excellent P-47 "Thunderbolt" fighter-bomber which pr...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic XF-12 Rainbow

1955
Republic XF-84H Thunderscreech
The Republic XF-84H was an experimental airframe based on the jet-powered, single-seat Republic F-84F Thunderstreak fighter. ...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic XF-84H Thunderscreech

1949
Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor
After World War 2 and during the early Cold War years, the American government now faced the Soviet Union and threat of nucle...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor

1944
Republic XP-72 Super Thunderbolt
The XP-72 Wasp Major Thunderbolt was intended to be an "ultimate" design of the highly successful P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bo...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic XP-72 Super Thunderbolt

1977
Rockwell XFV-12
The Rockwell XFV-12 aircraft was a proposed design attempting to fulfill a United States Navy (USN) requirement for a VTOL (V...
Thumbnail picture of the Rockwell XFV-12

1968
Ryan AQM-91 Firefly / Compass Arrow
Teledyne Ryan / Ryan Aeronautical produced the AQM-91 "Firefly" as a stealth-minded, high-altitude, photo-reconnaissance Unma...
Thumbnail picture of the Ryan AQM-91 Firefly / Compass Arrow

1953
Ryan X-13 Vertijet
The Ryan X-13 "Vertijet" was an experimental program of the 1950s funded by the United States Air Force to help test the vali...
Thumbnail picture of the Ryan X-13 Vertijet

1946
Ryan XF2R Dark Shark
The Ryan "Dark Shark" was an impressive developmental hybrid fighter design considered for service with both the United State...
Thumbnail picture of the Ryan XF2R Dark Shark

1947
Saunders-Roe SR.A-1
The flying boat had certainly proved its worth during combat service in World War 2 (1939-1945). Prior to the conflict, it wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Saunders-Roe SR.A-1

1970
Sikorsky S-67 Blackhawk
Before the US Army's ubiquitous workhorse transport/utility helicopter - the Sikorsky UH-60 "Black Hawk" - had become a house...
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky S-67 Blackhawk

2020
Sikorsky S-97 Raider
While helicopters have evolved since their mainstream inception in the 1950s, the "rotorcraft" has remained largely conventio...
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky S-97 Raider

1918
Sopwith Rhino
Lost in the discussions concerning Sopwith aircraft of World War 1 was the Sopwith "Rhino", an interesting triplane bomber gi...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Rhino

1940
Sukhoi Su-1 / Su-3
The Su-1 (and related Su-3) fighter aircraft were short-lived prototype developments of the Soviet Sukhoi concern - essential...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-1 / Su-3

1997
Sukhoi Su-32/37/47 Berkut (Golden Eagle)
While the collapse of the Soviet Empire in 1991 stymied many-a-program in Russia, the Sukhoi concern proceeded with their Su-...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-32/37/47 Berkut (Golden Eagle)

1946
Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11 / Su-13 (1946)
While the concept of the turbojet engine lingered for some time, it was not put into practical use until the latter part of t...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11 / Su-13 (1946)

2017
Sukhoi T-50 (PAK FA)
The PAK FA (or "PAK[FA]") is currently in development with the storied Sukhoi OKB, a Russian aircraft firm granted origins in...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi T-50 (PAK FA)

2023
TAI TFX / F-X
For decades, the modern Turkish air force relied on Western partners to stock its available inventory. Prospects changed when...
Thumbnail picture of the TAI TFX / F-X

1949
Tupolev Tu-80
In order to provide its bomber force with a long-range weapons delivery platform, Soviet engineers set to work on the new Tup...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-80

1951
Tupolev Tu-85
During World War 2 (1939-1945), Soviet engineers were able to study three captured American B-29 Superfortresses that were fo...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-85

1956
Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)
Following World War 2, the aviation world was moving along at breakneck speeds in development of advanced jet-powered designs...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)

1942
Vought V-173 (Flying Pancake)
Charles Zimmerman (1908-1996) served as an aeronautical engineer through most of his life and operated under the Langley Memo...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought V-173 (Flying Pancake)

1943
Vought XF5U (Flying Flapjack)
The promising nature of the Vought V-173 technology demonstrator produced a US Navy fighter contract for an expanded prototyp...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought XF5U (Flying Flapjack)

1958
Vought XF8U-3 Crusader III
The XF8U-3 "Crusader III" was a Chance Vought Mach 2-capable prototype series intended to fulfill the supersonic, all-weather...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought XF8U-3 Crusader III

1944
Vultee XA-41
It was during September of 1942 that the United States Army commissioned the Vultee Aircraft concern to develop a viable sing...
Thumbnail picture of the Vultee XA-41

1943
Vultee XP-54 Swoose Goose
The Vultee XP-54 was one of the more distinct aircraft creations designed during World War 2. Produced through the essentiall...
Thumbnail picture of the Vultee XP-54 Swoose Goose

1945
Vultee XP-81
The Consolidated Vultee XP-81 was a proposed long-range, high-altitude fighter design that was to be the answer for bomber es...
Thumbnail picture of the Vultee XP-81

1923
Witteman-Lewis XNBL-1 (Barling Bomber)
The Witteman-Lewis XNBL-1 (popularly known as the "Barling Bomber") was an ambitious heavy bomber design from Walter Barling,...
Thumbnail picture of the Witteman-Lewis XNBL-1 (Barling Bomber)

1903
Wright Flyer
Though the prospect of manned flight had been around for hundreds, maybe even thousands of years, it would be the Wright Brot...
Thumbnail picture of the Wright Flyer

1949
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-50