Military Factory

Heavy Bomber Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 12/1/2015

The Heavy Bomber saw an evolution after World War 1 and peaked during the Cold War - today's move being towards ballistic missiles, multirole aircraft and precision strike.





The Heavy Bomber is a special classification of military aircraft designed with extended range and an expanded bomb-carrying capability. Prior to the rise of intercontinental ballistic missiles, national powers fielded a bevy of large aircraft - initially prop-powered and then jet-powered - to bring heavy ordnance loads onto enemy targets. Such early platforms saw use during World War 1 when taking the place of the vulnerable airship and continued their evolution during World War 2. The Cold War years eventually saw the heavy bomber peak as a viable,cost-effective delivery platform and only a few notable types remain in use today - including the faithful Boeing B-52 Stratofortress.


There are a total of (60) Heavy Bomber Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1942
Avro Lancaster
The Avro Lancaster went on to become the most important British heavy bomber or World War 2. Interes... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lancaster

1945
Avro Lincoln
The Avro Lincoln became a late-World War 2, four-engined heavy bomber developed form the hugely succ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lincoln

1940
Avro Manchester
The Avro Manchester was a semi-successful attempt by the Avro firm to fulfill Air Ministry Specifica... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Manchester

1944
BMW Strahlbomber I / P.1
In the years leading up to World War 2 (1939-1945) the German Luftwaffe mistakenly neglected heavy b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BMW Strahlbomber I / P.1

1937
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
Though the Consolidated B-24 Liberator was built in greater numbers, the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

1943
Boeing B-29 Superfortress
B-29 Superfortress status is often associated with the atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities o... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress

1951
Boeing B-47 Stratojet
The swept-wing B-47 Stratojet produced by Boeing was a milestone in American bomber design in severa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-47 Stratojet

1948
Boeing B-50 Superfortress
Though looking every bit the direct copy of the World War 2-era Boeing B-29 "Superfortress" heavy bo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-50 Superfortress

1955
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
The B-52 has been the preeminent American heavy bomber of the last 54 years. The massive aircraft se... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

1937
Boeing XB-15 (XBLR-1 / Grandpappy)
In 1933, the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) delivered a new specification for a heavy bomber w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing XB-15 (XBLR-1 / Grandpappy)

1938
Boeing Y1B-20
Leading up to its famous stable of World War 2 heavy bombers, Boeing undertook a variety of projects... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing Y1B-20

1915
Caproni Ca.1
While the British Handley Page and German Gotha bombers receive their fair share of notoriety in Wor... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.1

1917
Caproni Ca.3
The Caproni Ca.36 represented the definitive model in the C-bomber series debuted in 1914 as the C.3... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.3

1941
Consolidated B-24 Liberator
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator became a major player for Allied forces during World War 2. Its expl... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator

1945
Consolidated B-32 Dominator
Consolidated Aircraft Corporation held an existing relationship with the United States military in d... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator

1949
Convair B-36 Peacemaker
If developed a few years sooner, the massive jet-powered Convair B-36 "Peacemaker" could have very w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Convair B-36 Peacemaker

1963
Dassault Mirage IV
The Dassault Mirage IV series was designed to a French requirement for a supersonic aircraft platfor... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Dassault Mirage IV

1941
Dornier Do 217
The Dornier Do 217 was a multi-role aircraft design for the German Luftwaffe during World War 2 (193... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Dornier Do 217

1941
Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)
Douglas Aircraft played a major role in American aviation from the 1920s into the 1960s, encompassin... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)

1936
Fairey Hendon
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Hendon

1932
Farman F.211
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Farman F.211

1935
Farman F.220
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Farman F.220

1945
Focke-Wulf Ta 400 (Amerika Bomber)
The early wartime commitment to fighters and medium bombers came back to haunt German warplanners du... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Ta 400 (Amerika Bomber)

1916
Gotha G.IV
The Gotha G.IV series of heavy biplane bombers served the German Air Service of World War 1 (1914-19... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha G.IV

1917
Gotha G.V
With the Germans having gained critical territory up to the Belgian coast in 1914, thoughts to the b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha G.V

1940
Handley Page Halifax
While the Lancaster Heavy Bomber will always be more identifiable in terms of the British night bomb... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Halifax

1934
Handley Page Heyford
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Heyford

1942
Heinkel He 177 Greif (Griffin)
The Heinkel concern of World War 2 Germany became one of the largest and most prolific aircraft make... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 177 Greif (Griffin)

1943
Heinkel He 277 (Amerika Bomber)
There were many German aviation concerns lending their talents to the war effort of World War 2 (193... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 277 (Amerika Bomber)

1927
Huff-Daland XHB-1 Cyclops
For years in the decade following World War 1 (1914-1918) the Huff-Daland Aero Corporation attempted... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Huff-Daland XHB-1 Cyclops

1944
Junkers Ju 287
The Junkers Ju 287 certainly proved one of the most unique of the approved late-war, jet-powered des... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 287

1942
Junkers Ju 290
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 290

1943
Junkers Ju 390 (New York Bomber)
The German Junkers Ju 390 long range heavy bomber was intended to be able to strike far-off location... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 390 (New York Bomber)

1944
Junkers Ju 488
The German concern of Junkers took on many aircraft projects during, and before to the end, of World... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 488

1945
Junkers Ju EF 140 (Amerika Bomber)
What became the last Junkers wartime submission to the German Air Ministry during World War 2 (1939-... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju EF 140 (Amerika Bomber)

1933
Kalinin K-7
Konstantin Kalinin (1889-1938) had forged his history in aviation as a Red Army pilot during the Rus... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Kalinin K-7

1945
Kawasaki Ki-91
The Kawasaki Ki-91 represented a rare four-engine heavy bomber initiative of the middle-to-late war ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-91

1920
Martin MB-2 / NBS-1
The Martin MB-2 series of twin-engine bombers holds a distinct footnote in the history of United Sta... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Martin MB-2 / NBS-1

1955
Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)
The Myasishchev M-4 (NATO codename of "Bison") was developed to a Soviet Navy requirement for a jet-... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)

1945
Nakajima G8N Renzan (Rita)
The Nakajima G8N Renzan (or "Mountain Range" - codenamed "Rita" by the Allies) was a heavy bomber de... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima G8N Renzan (Rita)

1964
North American XB-70 Valkyrie
In the decades following World War 2 (1939-1945) there stood a period of immense achievements relate... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the North American XB-70 Valkyrie

1997
Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit
The Northrop Grumman B-2 "Spirit" (generically referred to as the "Stealth Bomber") became the pinna... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit

1940
Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)
During the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviet Union joined Germany and Italy in providin... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)

1942
Piaggio P.108
The Piaggio P.108 was a multi-faceted airframe developed to fulfill a variety of roles for the Itali... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Piaggio P.108

1986
Rockwell B-1 Lancer
Military aircraft seldom take an uneventful road to full operational service and such was the case w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Rockwell B-1 Lancer

1941
Short Stirling
The Short Sterling formed the backbone of British RAF heavy bomber groups beginning in January of 19... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Short Stirling

1919
Siemens-Schuckert R.VIII
The Siemens-Schuckert R.VIII was a mammoth biplane aircraft design intended as a heavy bomber for th... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Siemens-Schuckert R.VIII

1915
Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz (Series)
The Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz series of aircraft were the world's first four-engine bombers in operati... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz (Series)

1972
Sukhoi T-4 (Sotka)
When it was learned that the Americans were delving into a high-speed, high-altitude Mach 3-capable ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi T-4 (Sotka)

2025
Tupolev PAK DA
Russia is moving ahead with the design phase of a new subsonic strategic stealth bomber to succeed t... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev PAK DA

1932
Tupolev TB-3 (ANT-6)
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev TB-3 (ANT-6)

1972
Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)
As the Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" proved a successful strategic bomber across several roles for the Soviet... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)

1954
Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)
The Tupolev Tu-16 (codenamed "Badger" by NATO) owed its success story to the Cold War and its own ve... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)

1989
Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)
Since its inception, the Tupolev-produced Tu-160 (NATO codename of "Blackjack", nicknamed in Russia/... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)

1949
Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)
During World War 2, the Soviet Union was threatened by both the Empire of Japan to the East and Nazi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)

1949
Tupolev Tu-80
In order to provide its bomber force with a long-range weapons delivery platform, Soviet engineers s... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-80

1951
Tupolev Tu-85
During World War 2 (1939-1945), Soviet engineers were able to study three captured American B-29 Sup... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-85

1956
Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)
Following the developmental Tupolev Tu-80 and Tu-85 programs was the famous Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" whi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)

1919
Vickers Vimy
The Vimy was designed to a Royal Air Force (RAF) requirement for a night bomber with inherently long... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Vimy

1917
Zeppelin-Staaken R-series
When World War 1 (1914-1918) bogged down into the stubborn battles of trench warfare in the Autumn o... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Zeppelin-Staaken R-series