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    Heavy Bomber Aircraft

    Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 12/1/2015

    The Heavy Bomber saw an evolution after World War 1 and peaked during the Cold War - today's move being towards ballistic missiles, multirole aircraft and precision strike.





    The Heavy Bomber is a special classification of military aircraft designed with extended range and an expanded bomb-carrying capability. Prior to the rise of intercontinental ballistic missiles, national powers fielded a bevy of large aircraft - initially prop-powered and then jet-powered - to bring heavy ordnance loads onto enemy targets. Such early platforms saw use during World War 1 when taking the place of the vulnerable airship and continued their evolution during World War 2. The Cold War years eventually saw the heavy bomber peak as a viable,cost-effective delivery platform and only a few notable types remain in use today - including the faithful Boeing B-52 Stratofortress.


    There are a total of (68) Heavy Bomber Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




    1942
    Avro Lancaster
    The Avro Lancaster went on to become the most important British heavy bomber or World War 2. Interes... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lancaster

    1945
    Avro Lincoln
    The Avro Lincoln became a late-World War 2, four-engined heavy bomber developed form the hugely succ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lincoln

    1940
    Avro Manchester
    The Avro Manchester was a semi-successful attempt by the Avro firm to fulfill Air Ministry Specifica... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Avro Manchester

    1944
    BMW Strahlbomber I / P.1
    In the years leading up to World War 2 (1939-1945) the German Luftwaffe mistakenly neglected heavy b... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the BMW Strahlbomber I / P.1

    1937
    Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
    Though the Consolidated B-24 Liberator was built in greater numbers, the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

    1943
    Boeing B-29 Superfortress
    B-29 Superfortress status is often associated with the atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities o... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress

    1951
    Boeing B-47 Stratojet
    The swept-wing B-47 Stratojet produced by Boeing was a milestone in American bomber design in severa... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-47 Stratojet

    1948
    Boeing B-50 Superfortress
    Though looking every bit the direct copy of the World War 2-era Boeing B-29 "Superfortress" heavy bo... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-50 Superfortress

    1955
    Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
    The B-52 has been the preeminent American heavy bomber of the last 54 years. The massive aircraft se... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

    1947
    Boeing B-54 (Ultrafortress)
    Outstanding issues inherent in the original Boeing B-29 "Superfortress" strategic bomber design of W... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-54 (Ultrafortress)

    1937
    Boeing XB-15 (XBLR-1 / Grandpappy)
    In 1933, the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) delivered a new specification for a heavy bomber w... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boeing XB-15 (XBLR-1 / Grandpappy)

    1938
    Boeing Y1B-20
    Leading up to its famous stable of World War 2 heavy bombers, Boeing undertook a variety of projects... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Boeing Y1B-20

    1915
    Caproni Ca.1
    While the British Handley Page and German Gotha bombers receive their fair share of notoriety in Wor... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.1

    1917
    Caproni Ca.3
    The Caproni Ca.36 represented the definitive model in the C-bomber series debuted in 1914 as the C.3... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.3

    1918
    Caproni Ca.4
    Giovanni Caproni was a prolific Italian aircraft designer of the 20th Century with his contributions... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.4

    1941
    Consolidated B-24 Liberator
    The Consolidated B-24 Liberator became a major player for Allied forces during World War 2. Its expl... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator

    1945
    Consolidated B-32 Dominator
    Consolidated Aircraft Corporation held an existing relationship with the United States military in d... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator

    1949
    CONVAIR B-36 Peacemaker
    If developed a few years sooner, the massive jet-powered CONVAIR B-36 "Peacemaker" could have very w... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the CONVAIR B-36 Peacemaker

    1963
    Dassault Mirage IV
    The Dassault Mirage IV series was designed to a French requirement for a supersonic aircraft platfor... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Dassault Mirage IV

    1941
    Dornier Do 217
    The Dornier Do 217 was a multi-role aircraft design for the German Luftwaffe during World War 2 (193... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Dornier Do 217

    1941
    Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)
    Douglas Aircraft played a major role in American aviation from the 1920s into the 1960s, encompassin... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)

    1944
    Douglas XB-31 (Raidmaster) (Model 423)
    The Douglas XB-31 "Raidmaster" became one of four submissions passed along to the United States Army... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-31 (Raidmaster) (Model 423)

    1936
    Fairey Hendon
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Hendon

    1932
    Farman F.211
    In 1929, the French Air Ministry detailed a new specification calling for a four-seat night bomber w... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Farman F.211

    1935
    Farman F.220 (Series)
    The largest French bomber to reach operational-level status of the Interwar period became the Farman... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Farman F.220 (Series)

    1945
    Focke-Wulf Ta 400 (Amerika Bomber)
    The early wartime commitment to fighters and medium bombers came back to haunt German warplanners du... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Ta 400 (Amerika Bomber)

    1916
    Gotha G.IV
    The Gotha G.IV series of heavy biplane bombers served the German Air Service of World War 1 (1914-19... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Gotha G.IV

    1917
    Gotha G.V
    With the Germans having gained critical territory up to the Belgian coast in 1914, thoughts to the b... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Gotha G.V

    1940
    Handley Page Halifax
    While the Lancaster Heavy Bomber will always be more identifiable in terms of the British night bomb... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Halifax

    1934
    Handley Page Heyford
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Heyford

    1942
    Heinkel He 177 Greif (Griffin)
    The Heinkel concern of World War 2 Germany became one of the largest and most prolific aircraft make... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 177 Greif (Griffin)

    1943
    Heinkel He 277 (Amerika Bomber)
    There were many German aviation concerns lending their talents to the war effort of World War 2 (193... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 277 (Amerika Bomber)

    1927
    Huff-Daland XHB-1 Cyclops
    For years in the decade following World War 1 (1914-1918) the Huff-Daland Aero Corporation attempted... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Huff-Daland XHB-1 Cyclops

    1944
    Junkers Ju 287
    The Junkers Ju 287 certainly proved one of the most unique of the approved late-war, jet-powered des... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 287

    1942
    Junkers Ju 290
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 290

    1943
    Junkers Ju 390 (New York Bomber)
    The German Junkers Ju 390 long range heavy bomber was intended to be able to strike far-off location... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 390 (New York Bomber)

    1944
    Junkers Ju 488
    The German concern of Junkers took on many aircraft projects during, and before to the end, of World... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 488

    1945
    Junkers Ju EF 140 (Amerika Bomber)
    What became the last Junkers wartime submission to the German Air Ministry during World War 2 (1939-... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju EF 140 (Amerika Bomber)

    1933
    Kalinin K-7
    Konstantin Kalinin (1889-1938) had forged his history in aviation as a Red Army pilot during the Rus... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Kalinin K-7

    1945
    Kawasaki Ki-91
    The Kawasaki Ki-91 represented a rare four-engine heavy bomber initiative of the middle-to-late war ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-91

    1920
    Martin MB-2 / NBS-1
    The Martin MB-2 series of twin-engine bombers holds a distinct footnote in the history of United Sta... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Martin MB-2 / NBS-1

    1935
    Martin XB-16 (Model 145)
    The 1930s saw considerable technological growth concerning military aircraft. Losing inventory space... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Martin XB-16 (Model 145)

    1942
    Martin XB-33 Super Marauder
    Before World War 2 (1939-1945), authorities within the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) became p... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Martin XB-33 Super Marauder

    1955
    Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)
    The Myasishchev M-4 (NATO codename of "Bison") was developed to a Soviet Navy requirement for a jet-... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)

    1944
    Nakajima G10N Fugaku (Mount Fuji)
    Just as the Germans devised their "Amerika Bomber" program of World War 2 (1939-1945) to attack Amer... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima G10N Fugaku (Mount Fuji)

    1945
    Nakajima G8N Renzan (Rita)
    The Nakajima G8N Renzan (or "Mountain Range" - codenamed "Rita" by the Allies) was a heavy bomber de... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima G8N Renzan (Rita)

    1964
    North American XB-70 Valkyrie
    In the decades following World War 2 (1939-1945) there stood a period of immense achievements relate... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the North American XB-70 Valkyrie

    1997
    Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit
    The Northrop Grumman B-2 "Spirit" (generically referred to as the "Stealth Bomber") became the pinna... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit

    2032
    Northrop Grumman B-21 (LRS-B)
    On February 26th, 2016, the designation of "B-21" was revealed for the upcoming Northrop Grumman LRS... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Northrop Grumman B-21 (LRS-B)

    1940
    Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)
    During the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviet Union joined Germany and Italy in providin... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)

    1942
    Piaggio P.108
    The Piaggio P.108 was a multi-faceted airframe developed to fulfill a variety of roles for the Itali... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Piaggio P.108

    1986
    Rockwell B-1 Lancer
    Military aircraft seldom take an uneventful road to full operational service and such was the case w... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Rockwell B-1 Lancer

    1941
    Short Stirling
    The Short Sterling formed the backbone of British RAF heavy bomber groups beginning in January of 19... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Short Stirling

    1919
    Siemens-Schuckert R.VIII
    The Siemens-Schuckert R.VIII was a mammoth biplane aircraft design intended as a heavy bomber for th... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Siemens-Schuckert R.VIII

    1913
    Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz (Series)
    The Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz series of aircraft were the world's first four-engine bombers in operati... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz (Series)

    1972
    Sukhoi T-4 (Sotka)
    When it was learned that the Americans were delving into a high-speed, high-altitude Mach 3-capable ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi T-4 (Sotka)

    1937
    Supermarine B.12/36 (Type 316)
    Specification B.12/36 was issued by the British Air Ministry in 1936 to cover a new, all-modern, fou... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Supermarine B.12/36 (Type 316)

    2025
    Tupolev PAK DA
    Russia is moving ahead with the design phase of a new subsonic strategic stealth bomber to succeed t... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev PAK DA

    1932
    Tupolev TB-3 (ANT-6)
    ... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev TB-3 (ANT-6)

    1972
    Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)
    As the Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" proved a successful strategic bomber across several roles for the Soviet... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)

    1954
    Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)
    The Tupolev Tu-16 (codenamed "Badger" by NATO) owed its success story to the Cold War and its own ve... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)

    1989
    Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)
    Since its inception, the Tupolev-produced Tu-160 (NATO codename of "Blackjack", nicknamed in Russia/... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)

    1949
    Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)
    During World War 2, the Soviet Union was threatened by both the Empire of Japan to the East and Nazi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)

    1949
    Tupolev Tu-80
    In order to provide its bomber force with a long-range weapons delivery platform, Soviet engineers s... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-80

    1951
    Tupolev Tu-85
    During World War 2 (1939-1945), Soviet engineers were able to study three captured American B-29 Sup... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-85

    1956
    Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)
    Following the developmental Tupolev Tu-80 and Tu-85 programs was the famous Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" whi... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)

    1919
    Vickers Vimy
    The Vimy was designed to a Royal Air Force (RAF) requirement for a night bomber with inherently long... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Vimy

    1917
    Zeppelin-Staaken R-series
    When World War 1 (1914-1918) bogged down into the stubborn battles of trench warfare in the Autumn o... [Read More]
    Thumbnail picture of the Zeppelin-Staaken R-series