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  • Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2) Technology Demonstrator Aircraft


    The Caproni-Campini N1 was anything but an advancement for jet-powered flight, often refered to as a technological dead end.

     Updated: 5/31/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    With the introduction of the N1 (may also be known as the CC.2), Italy became only the second nation in the world to achieve jet-powered flight (Germany being the first), though the development of this particular aircraft did little to further the arrival of the jet age and help a nation stuck on the losing end of a World War. Engine designer Secondo Campini joined forces with the Caproni aircraft firm to try and produce fruit for his labor in reaction propulsion technology. The product would become an interesting mix of the old and the new, for the N1 would feature a basic piston engine driving a fan compressor system with ignited fuel for added propulsion - in effect becoming an engine with afterburn characteristics to an extent. Though not a true turbojet, the N1 was nonetheless a practice aircraft and would prove the engine design possible but effectively become a design that could not be furthered to become something more.

    The N1 became a large aircraft design piloted by two personnel. It was a low-wing monoplane with a traditionally-designed empennage and a single vertical tail surface. The intake was open at the extreme forward position and exhaust jettisoned at the extreme rear of the aircraft. The first flight was achieved in 1940 and several more controlled flights followed soon after. As this was mostly a technology demonstrator than a viable fighter design, no armament was fitted the to the system. Landing gear was powered and fully retractable. Keeping with early "jet" designs of the time, wings were straight-wings and featured the distinct smooth curves of piston engine fighter designs. The N1 would achieve a top speed of only 233 miles per hour.


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    Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2) Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1940
    Type: Technology Demonstrator Aircraft
    National Origin: Kingdom of Italy
    Manufacturer(s): Caproni-Campini - Italy
    Production Total: 1



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 2
    Weight (Empty): 8,025 lb (3,640 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 9,248 lb (4,195 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Isotta-Fraschini radial piston engine generating 900 horsepower driving a three-stage, ducted-fan compressor system.

    Maximum Speed: 233 mph (375 kph; 202 knots)
    Service Ceiling: 13,123 feet (4,000 meters; 2.49 miles)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    None.

    Global Operators / Customers


    Kingdom of Italy

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    None.