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Douglas A-24 Banshee Dive Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft (1941)

Authored By Captain Jack | Last Updated: 5/12/2015

The Douglas A-24 Banshee was the U.S. Army version of the U.S. Navy SBD Dauntless dive bomber with a few changes to suit the service.

Prior to World War 2 (1939-1945), United States military aviation doctrine centered primarily on gaining complete air superiority over the enemy with a sound stock of "pursuit" fighters meeting the enemy head on. A secondary focus was provided to lightweight bomb delivery platforms and those that did emerge during the prewar period were typically shipped overseas to foreign customers like France, Britain, and the Dutch. However, all that changed when the Germans - through their Blitzkrieg of Western Europe - showcased the dive bomber in terrifying fashion through its shrieking Junkers Ju 87 "Stuka". The aircraft rained ordnance down on key targets and troop formations ahead of the main invading force - softening areas prior to involvement of ground elements. As such, the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) quickly shifted its focus to acquiring strike platforms for the dive bombing role all its own.

Army officials preferred to stay away from more complex twin-engined designs and favored development of a single-engine, monoplane wing form utilizing a crew of two or three. Defensive armament was a must to help defend what would most likely be a slow-moving airplane. Several initiatives were pushed including the Douglas A-17, the Curtiss A-18, and the Vultee A-19 though none were winners in the Army search until the service took on a small stock of U.S. Navy Douglas SBD "Dauntless" dive bombers in July of 1940. With a few revisions - namely the deletion of the carrier deck arrestor equipment and replacement of Navy radio kits - the SBD was reconstituted for the Army in the new A-24 "Banshee" form. While not the complete solution for the Army, the Banshee would suffice until a proper aircraft was adopted. The initial Army mark was the SBD-3 (SBD-3A) model of the Navy as the "A-24" and the Army order was absorbed into the existing Navy order of July 1940. Army versions also replaced the solid tailwheels with pneumatic types for land-based take-offs and landings.

As with other American dive bombers of the period, the aircraft featured perforated dive brakes along its wing trailing edges to slow its drop when attacking. Self-sealing fuel tanks were a must as was armoring for self-preservation of crew and aircraft. As with the SBD before it, the Banshee used a modest machine gun armament as standard: 2 x 0.50 caliber heavy machine guns were fixed into the cowling for operation by the pilot and 1 x 0.30 caliber medium machine gun was added to a flexible mounting at the rear cockpit for protecting the vulnerable "six" of the aircraft. Like the SBD, the Banshee carried a crew of two - pilot and gunner. The aircraft's bombload was set across three available hardpoints - one under fuselage centerline and one under each wing. A typical load was 1 x 500lb / 1,000lb bomb under centerline or 1 x 100lb bomb at each wing station.

The first Banshees arrived in U.S. Army hands for June of 1941 and these were outfitted with Wright R-1820-52 radial engines of 1,000 horsepower. The Banshee's initial assignment was with the 27th Bombardment Group (Light) of Hunter Field, Georgia and training began in earnest. Three squadrons were ultimately formed during the early part of the war.


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Specifications for the
Douglas A-24 Banshee
Dive Bomber / Reconnaissance Aircraft


Focus Model: Douglas A-24A Banshee
Country of Origin: United States
Manufacturer: Douglas Aircraft Corporation - USA
Initial Year of Service: 1941
Production: 953


Crew: 2


Length: 32.81 ft (10 m)
Width: 41.60 ft (12.68 m)
Height: 12.11ft (3.69 m)
Weight (Empty): 5,523 lb (2,505 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 10,199 lb (4,626 kg)


Powerplant: 1 x Wright R-1820-52 radial piston engine developing 1,000 horsepower.


Maximum Speed: 250 mph (402 kmh; 217 kts)
Maximum Range: 949 miles (1,528 km)
Service Ceiling: 26,001 ft (7,925 m; 4.9 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 0 feet-per-minute (0 m/min)


Hardpoints: 3
Armament Suite:
STANDARD:
2 x 0.50 caliber M2 Browning heavy machine guns in nose
1 OR 2 x 0.30 caliber M1919 Browning medium machine guns on flexible mount at rear cockpit.

OPTIONAL:
Between 1,200 lb and 1,600 lb (model dependent) of externally-held ordnance (conventional drop bombs) at centerline and underwing hardpoints.


Variants:
A-24 "Banshee" - U.S. Army variant of the USN SBD-3; sans arrestor equipment; 168 examples.


A-24A - U.S. Army variant of the USN SBD-4; 170 examples.

A-24B - U.S. Army variant of the USN SBD-5; 615 examples.


Operators:
Chile; France (Free French); Mexico; United States