• HOME
  • 2017 Military Pay Scale
  • Military Ranks
  • Aviation Central
  • Warfighter
  • Land Systems
  • Naval Firepower
  • Special Forces
  • World War 2 Weapons

  •   Home >  
     
      Aviation Central >  
     
      Junkers CL.I Monoplane Fighter  

    Junkers CL.I Monoplane Fighter


    The Junkers CL.I could have been so much more had it not been for production difficulties encountered in war time Germany.





     Updated: 3/20/2014; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    The Junkers CL.I was something of a break-through aircraft design for its time, appearing during the latter stages of World War 1 (1914-1918). Due to production difficulties in war-torn Germany, the aircraft saw only limited manufacture numbering less than 50 units. Junkers approached the CL.1 with a largely metal design coupled to a low-wing assembly - this at a time when manufacturers favored fabric-over-wood aircraft utilizing an upper and lower wing assembly (biplane).

    Development of the CL.1 was formed along the lines of the preceding all-metal designs in the Junkers D.I and the J.I. The CL.1 was given a standard operating crew of two seated in tandem with the pilot in the forward open-air cockpit and his gunner/observer in the rear cockpit. The engine was mounted at the front in the usual way with a single-finned tail unit at the rear. Power was served from a Mercedes D.IIIa series 6-cylinder, liquid-cooled, inline engine developing 180 horsepower. This, coupled to the airframe design, provided a maximum speed of 100 miles per hour with a service ceiling reaching 19,600 feet. The aircraft featured an armament suite of 3 x 7.92mm machine guns - two fixed, forward-firing and the third on a trainable mount in the rear cockpit - as standard along with provision for antipersonnel grenade dispensers mounted under the fuselage.

    Despite the revolutionary design, German factories were heavily experienced in the rapid construction of fabric-over-wood aircraft and found the metal design of the CL.1 difficult to incorporate into well-accepted practices. The promising CL.I therefore foundered and held little impact by war's end. Despite the CL.1's failed showing, the concept of all-metal construction in aircraft grew into the norm heading into the interwar years. Indeed, all-metal aircraft were the norm during World War 2, making fabric-over-wood mounts largely obsolete.

    Junkers CL.I Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1918
    Type: Monoplane Fighter
    National Origin: Imperial Germany
    Manufacturer(s): Junkers - Germany
    Production Total: 47



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 2
    Length: 25.92 feet (7.9 meters)
    Width: 39.50 feet (12.04 meters)
    Height: 8.69 feet (2.65 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 2,315 lb (1,050 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Mercedes D.IIIa 6-cylinder liquid-cooled inline engine generating 180hp.

    Maximum Speed: 100 mph (161 kph; 87 knots)
    Service Ceiling: 19,685 feet (6,000 meters; 3.73 miles)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    STANDARD:
    2 x 7.92mm machine guns in fixed, forward-firing mounts on fuselage.
    1 x 7.92mm machine gun on trainable mounting in rear cockpit.

    OPTIONAL:
    Antipersonnel Grenade Dispensers

    Global Operators / Customers


    Imperial Germany

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    CL.I - Base Series Designation

    Images Gallery


    VIEW
    VIEW