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  • AMX International AMX Light Strike / Advanced Trainer Aircraft

    The AMX International was a consortium project handled by Italian and Brazilian aircraft design firms.

     Updated: 6/26/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The subsonic AMX International AMX (known as the "Gibli" to the Italian Air Force) was the result of cooperation between two Italian (Aeritalia - now Alenia - and Aermacchi) and one Brazilian (Embraer) aircraft firms. Development of the aircraft began with just the two Italian companies in 1978 after the Italian Air Force put forth a requirement for a advanced multi-role platform with inherent reconnaissance capabilities. This requirement was seen as an appropriate replacement for Italy's aging fleet of American-originated Lockheed F-104 "Starfighters" and Italian Aeritalia G.91 series aircraft. Determined to fulfill this requirement with an all-indigenous fighter design, Aermacchi and Aeritalia set to work on what would become the "AMX". Coming into the program in 1980, the Brazilian Air Force joined the venture to fulfill a similar local air force requirement. The aircraft were then produced under the "AMX International" brand label.

    The AMX program progressed into a first flight on May 15th, 1984 - this prototype serving the Italians with the Brazilian prototype unveiled a year later. The major difference between the two aircraft designs lay in their avionics package which showed the customizability afforded to the AMX airframe as a whole - a promising side-effect becoming an export-friendly product on the world stage. The initial order was for 272 aircraft but this was later reduced to 136 due to budgetary constraints for both involved nations. Nevertheless, development continued with little in the way of technical setbacks. Official production-quality aircraft entered service in 1989 with frontline strength reached in 1990. Production of the AMX series broke down as Alenia (Aeritalia) handling up to 46.7% whilst Embraer took its 29.7% share and Aermacchi handled a 23.6% portion. Final assembly was managed locally in the respective countries.

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    AMX International AMX Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1989
    Type: Light Strike / Advanced Trainer Aircraft
    National Origin: Italy
    Manufacturer(s): Aeritalia-Alenia; Aermacchi - Italy / Embraer - Brazil
    Production Total: 206

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 43.41 feet (13.23 meters)
    Width: 29.10 feet (8.87 meters)
    Height: 14.93 feet (4.55 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 14,837 lb (6,730 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 28,660 lb (13,000 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 1 x Rolls-Royce Spey Mk 807 non-afterburning turbofan engine developing 11,030 lb of thrust.

    Maximum Speed: 651 mph (1,047 kph; 565 knots)
    Maximum Range: 345 miles (556 km)
    Service Ceiling: 42,651 feet (13,000 meters; 8.08 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 10,250 feet-per-minute (3,124 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    1 x 20mm General Electric GE M61A1 Vulcan cannon (Italy).
    2 x 30mm DEFA cannons (Brazil)

    Mission-Specific Ordnance can include any of the following:

    AIM-9 "Sidewinder" air-to-air missiles (wingtip mounted), MAA-1 "Piranha" air-to-air-missiles (wingtip mounted), Mk 82 bombs, Mk 83 bombs, Mk 84 bombs, Paveway II Laser-Guided Munitions, rocket pods, cluster bombs, "Skyshark" Munition Dispenser, or Elbit "Opher" imaging infra-red guided bomb.
    Oude Delft Orpheus reconnaissance pod
    CDLP laser-designator pod

    Global Operators / Customers

    Brazil; Italy

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    AMX - Base Series Designation

    AMX-ATA (Advanced Trainer Attack) - Tandem-Seat Model fitted with Elbit avionics package.

    AMX-E - Tandem-Seat HARM-Capable Model; "Escort Jammer" model based on the AMX-T.

    AMX-MLU - Mid-Life Update Model; fitted with redesigned radar system; FLIR capable; improved avionics package; NVG cockpit.

    AMX-T - Based on the AMX-ATA model; fitted with Elbit avionics; digital cockpit.

    A-1 - Brazilian Series Designation

    A-1B - Brazilian Production Model

    TA-1 - Brazilian Production Model