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Dassault Mirage V (5) / Mirage 50 Fighter-Bomber (1967)

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 9/16/2008

The Dassault Mirage V was intended soley for export sales.

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The Dassault Mirage V / Mirage 50 series of French-built multi-role aircraft stands as the last further development of the successful Mirage III airframe. The Mirage V appeared in 1967 and was intended solely for export, finding such customers as Pakistan, Argentina and Venezuela in the process. The Mirage 50, similar to the Mirage V with the exception of an uprated powerplant, represented a further yet subtle development of the Mirage V and the last major production Mirage fighter.

The Mirage V was originally developed to an Israeli requirement for a day fighter-bomber multi-role aircraft operating at efficiency and available at low cost. The system was designed as such and based on the acclaimed Mirage IIIE model airframe but featured the removal of that model's nose radar and an increase to internal fuel capacity. Additionally, hardpoints were added to increase the ordnance load and one-sortie capabilities of the new aircraft design.

Like the Mirage designs before it, the Mirage V also featured a low-wing delta-shape design with a slim nose cone and forward cockpit. A single vertical tail service was affixed to the empennage and twin intakes on either side of the fuselage fed the single engine jettisoning at rear. The large wing area offered up great advantages in the way of stability and increased hardpoints for munitions of the air-to-air and air-to-surface type. Twin DEFA 30mm cannons were standard and held internally in the lower fuselage. Later Mirage 5 models can be seen with added forward canards for improved handling.

Though intended for Israeli usage, the Mirage V order was later cancelled by French President Charles de Gaulle by an arms embargo. As such, the Mirage V's already produced were rerouted for French Air Force use and used the designation of Mirage 5F. Israel would end up developing their own unlicensed version of the Mirage 5, utilizing their past experience with previous Dassault designs in their possession. The Israeli-brand Mirage 5 became the IAI "Nesher" of which some 60 examples were eventually produced and saw export themselves. Mirage V's saw combat action in the hands of Israeli's and Argentina (Argentina through delivery of some 40 Nesher model types). Various modernization programs progressively updated various systems including radars of the ranging and rangefinder types.

The Mirage V and Mirage III models were superceded by the Mirage 50, featuring a more powerful engine delivering some 20% more thrust. These new and final Mirage models would see service in the early 1980's and be marketed as upgrade replacements for the aforementioned Mirage models to existing Dassault customers. Final deliveries occurred in 1995, ending a long and illustrious chapter for French fighter design.

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Specifications for the
Dassault Mirage V (5) / Mirage 50
Fighter-Bomber


Focus Model: Dassault Mirage V (5) / Mirage 50
Country of Origin: France
Manufacturer: Dassault - France
Initial Year of Service: 1967
Production: 532


Crew: 1


Length: 51.02 ft (15.55 m)
Width: 26.97 ft (8.22 m)
Height: 14.76ft (4.50 m)
Weight (Empty): 14,551 lb (6,600 kg)
Weight (MTOW): 30,203 lb (13,700 kg)


Powerplant: 1 x SNECMA Atar 9C turbojet engine delivering 13,668lbs of thrust.


Maximum Speed: 1,188 mph (1,912kmh; 1,032 kts)
Maximum Range: 404 miles (650km)
Service Ceiling: 55,774 ft (17,000 m; 10.6 miles)
Rate-of-Climb: 36,615 feet per minute (11,160 m/min)


Hardpoints: 7
Armament Suite:
2 x 30mm DEFA 552A cannons

Up to 8,818lbs of external ordnance.


Variants:
Mirage V (5) - Final Mirage III platform development intended for export sale; single-seat model originally designed to Israeli specifications.


Mirage VD (5D) - Two Seat Fighter-Bomber Variant

Mirage VF (5F) - French Designation

Mirage VR (5R) - Reconnaissance Variant

Mirage 50 - Similar to the Mirage V but fitted with uprated Atar 9K-50 turbojet engine.


Operators:
France, Egypt, Argentina, Chile (Mirage 50), Columbia, Gabon, Libya, Pakistan, Peru, UAE and Venezuela (Mirage 50).