Blohm and Voss Bv P.213 (Miniatur-Jager) Lightweight Single-Seat Point Defense Interceptor Proposal
The pulse jet-powered Blohm and Voss P.213 was intended as a point defense solution for the German Luftwaffe of World War 2 - it was not adopted.
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The secret weapons of the German Luftwaffe of World War 2 is a fascinating study of exotic aircraft design. German engineers undertook a myriad of paper projects to generate a war-winner and, while many of these failed to see the light of day, some marked several "firsts" in the field of aviation. Blohm & Voss was one of the German firms competing for various projects sponsored by the Air Ministry and the P.213 was just one of their many creations to appear in the latter stages of the war - in concert with the "Emergency Fighter Program" pushed by the Luftwaffe from the middle of 1944 onward, the service desperately in search of a fighter/interceptor breed to turn the tide of the air war.
In November of 1944, the Air Ministry released a new requirement related to the program calling for a production-friendly, low-cost point defense fighter-interceptor driven by jet power and requiring a crew of one. The aircraft would be a low-risk, direct complement to the Heinkel He 162 which required more production time than desired. As the He 162 was known as the "Volksjager" ("People's Fighter"), the new aircraft would become the "Miniatur-Jager" and be of smaller dimensions.
To go with the intended lightweight airframe it was decided that power was to come from an Argus As 014 pulse jet engine of 610 lb thrust output. This jet had its roots as the powerplant for the Fieseler Fi 103R "Reichenberg", a manned, expendable suicidal missile-aircraft version of the classic V-1 "Buzz Bomb / Doodlebug" (unlike the disposable-minded Fi 103R, the new interceptor would be reusable). All non-critical mission equipment would be kept from the design to keep operating weights in check and armament centered on a simple installation consisting of a single x 30mm MK 108 series automatic cannon. The ammunition store would number 135 projectiles.
The air ministry sought a very simple aircraft where the chief restriction would be in construction material and production time. Performance and armament were to be fitted as needed but it was in getting the new aircraft into the sky in number as quickly as possible. The Miniatur-Jagers would be released against incoming Allied bomber formations in large numbers, swarming the target area and getting off as many shots as possible in bringing the large targets down. Engagement ranges would be close to both target and forward operating bases.