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  • Hawker P.1005 Twin-Engine, Three-Seat High-Speed Light Bomber / Heavy Fighter

    The Hawker P.1005 project faced an uphill battle during World War 2 - its prototypes and production order were eventually cancelled.

     Updated: 12/23/2016; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The Hawker aircraft concern of World War 2 fame is primarily remembered for its contribution of the classic Hawker Hurricane monoplane fighter - the real star of the Battle of Britain. Prior to that it made its mark across several notable biplane fighters of the 1920s and 1930s. So when, in late 1940, the opportunity to design and develop a new high-speed light bomber for the Royal Air Force (RAF) arose, the venture was set to take the company in an all-new direction.

    The resulting design, P.1005, fell in line with another twin-engine development of the period - the famous de Havilland DH.98 "Mosquito". Both types were designed around the concept of a light bomber and long-range fighter with speed being the optimal quality to help the platform avoid enemy air defenses and interceptors. This meant an aerodynamically refined, lightweight airframe with considerable power being generated from the twin-engine layout. Additionally, the aircraft would have to adhere to strict weight tolerances to support the required performance yet still be capable of fielding a strong armament suite for either role. Early thinking set the expected maximum speed at 400 miles per hour and the bomb load was in the 4,000lb range.

    The P.1005 was quickly drawn up and, in December 1940, submitted to the Air Ministry for review. Engineers targeted the new Napier Sabre IV liquid-cooled inline piston engine (2,180hp each) for propulsion and an optional feature of the aircraft was a four-gunned (4 x 0.30 caliber Browning) power-operated, retractable dorsal turret for self-defense. The retractable nature of this weapon system allowed the aircraft to retain its streamlined qualities. Air Ministry officials liked what they saw and Specification B.11/41 was created to support the Hawker development in December of 1941.

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    Hawker P.1005 Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1942
    Type: Twin-Engine, Three-Seat High-Speed Light Bomber / Heavy Fighter
    National Origin: United Kingdom
    Manufacturer(s): Hawker Aircraft - United Kingdom
    Production Total: 0

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 3
    Weight (MTOW): 34,006 lb (15,425 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x Napier Sabre IV liquid-cooled inline engines developing 2,180 horsepower and driving four-bladed propeller units.

    Maximum Speed: 416 mph (670 kph; 362 knots)
    Service Ceiling: 34,006 feet (10,365 meters; 6.44 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 1,905 feet-per-minute (581 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    6 x 20mm automatic cannons in nose
    4 x 0.30 caliber Browning machine guns in retractable, powered dorsal turret (optional).

    2 x 0.30 caliber Browning machine guns in nose (possible).
    4 x 0.30 caliber Browning machine guns in retractable, powered dorsal turret (optional).

    Upt o 4,000lb of conventional drop-ordnance carried.

    Global Operators / Customers

    United Kingdom (cancelled)

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    P.1005 - Project Designation