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  • Junkers Ju EF 132 Jet-Powered Fast Bomber Proposal

    The EF 132 became the last aircraft project handled by the Junkers concern during World War 2.

     Updated: 4/3/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    The German Luftwaffe seized on the importance of jet-powered aircraft in the mid-to-latter stages of World War 2 (1939-1945). Chief developments became the Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet fighter and the Arado Ar 234 "Blitz" fast bomber. There were even more designs that never would see the light of day for the conflict was over too quickly for German engineers to deliver a winning design amidst a faltering war effort. For Junkers, its final contribution to German airpower in the war became Project "EF 132" - a proposed high-speed, jet-powered fast bomber.

    In many ways the last few designs offered by the Junkers concern held inspiration from the earlier Ju 287 jet-powered tactical bomber proposal (detailed elsewhere on this site). In this design a heavily-glazed nose section was used and a crew of two managed her varied onboard systems - including remote-controlled defensive gun positions aimed by way of periscopes. One of the more unique qualities of the Ju 287 was its swept-forward wing - a rather futuristic feature for the period - carrying underslung, podded turbojet engines. While only one flyable example was built and a first flight held in August of 1944, the design (including two unfinished prototypes) eventually fell to the advancing Soviets whose used it to further their own research into high-speed, jet-powered flight across several related iterations of the basic Ju 287 design.

    The EF 132 continued some of the established qualities of the Ju 287 including a heavily-glazed nose section, single vertical tail fin and wholly retractable tricycle undercarriage. A bomb bay allowed for conventional drop ordnance to be carried internally and power was to be served from no fewer than six Junkers Jumo 012 series turbojets offering 5,500lb of thrust each. These would be aspirated through six intake openings found at the wing roots, conforming nicely to the wing's leading edge and overall shape. A principle change to the Junkers approach was in use of a swept-back, high-mounted wing mainplane which gave the EF 132 offering a more modern appearance. Its crew would number five in a pressurized cabin and six 20mm guns - held in pairs across a dorsal, ventral and tail turret - were to become standard defensive armament. The bomb load weighed in at 11,025 of drop ordnance.

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    Junkers Ju EF 132 Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1946
    Type: Jet-Powered Fast Bomber Proposal
    National Origin: Nazi Germany
    Manufacturer(s): Junkers - Nazi Germany
    Production Total: 0

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 5
    Length: 101.05 feet (30.8 meters)
    Width: 106.30 feet (32.40 meters)
    Height: 27.56 feet (8.40 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 69,005 lb (31,300 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 143,300 lb (65,000 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 6 x Junkers Jumo 012 turbojet engines developing 5,500lb of thrust each.

    Maximum Speed: 578 mph (930 kph; 502 knots)
    Maximum Range: 2,175 miles (3,500 km)
    Service Ceiling: 33,793 feet (10,300 meters; 6.40 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 2,835 feet-per-minute (864 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload

    2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled dorsal turret
    2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled ventral turret
    2 x 20mm cannons in remote-controlled tail turret

    Up to 11,025lb of bombs held in an internal bay.

    Global Operators / Customers

    Nazi Germany (cancelled)

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    EF 132 - Base Project Designation