Fieseler Fi 167 Torpedo Bomber Biplane Aircraft
The Fieseler 167 biplane torpedo bomber was specifically developed to serve from the only planned German aircraft carrier of World War 2 - the Graf Zeppelin.
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For decades, the "Torpedo Bomber" remained a clear and present threat to all surface-going warships. They received their start in the period immediately before World War 1 (1914-1918) and were a refined weapon by the time of World War 2 (1939-1945). In 1937, the German Air Ministry delivered a new requirement for a torpedo bomber that would operate from the planned German Navy aircraft carrier, "Graf Zeppelin". Fieseler responded with an two-seat open-air cockpit, biplane-winged, fixed undercarriage design in the "Fi 167". Fourteen of them were built from the period spanning 1936 until 1942.
The Air Ministry specification called for an all-metal biplane-type aircraft with a speed reaching 185 miles per hour and an operational range over 600 miles. The biplane wing arrangement, however obsolete it may have been for this time, would offer good lift characteristics concerning carrier operations while also benefitting the pilot through increased control. Beyond the stated torpedo-carrying role the airframe would also have to prove suitable in the general dive bombing role against moving warships.
The Fieseler design was pitted against a competing product from Arado (the Ar 195, three were built) - they were the only two concerns approached for the project. The Arado submission won out in 1938 and this led to prototypes V1 and V2 being constructed for formal testing which preceded an order for twelve pre-production forms under the " Fi 167 A-0" designation.