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  • Blohm and Voss Bv P.209.02 Jet-Powered Single-Seat Fighter Proposal


    The Blohm and Voss P.209 02 fighter project made use of forward-swept wing mainplanes and a conventional tail unit.

     Updated: 12/29/2016; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com


    1944 presented a myriad of problems for the Germans during World War 2 (1939-1945). Such was the pain from Allied air superiority that several measures were enacted to help stem losses - including a heavy commitment to development of rocket- and turbojet-powered fighters and interceptors. One of the more unique design approaches witnessed from the work of German aviation engineers was in the application of forward-swept wings through some of the seriously-considered aircraft designs. One of the most famous of these applications became the Junkers Ju 287 bomber (detailed elsewhere on this site) which ended the war as nothing more than a prototype while one of the lesser known of the forward-sweep submissions became Dr. Richard Vogt's "Project 209" fighter under the Blohm and Voss brand label.

    Work on the new compact fighter was spawned from a German Air Ministry directive which brought together the might of the local aviation industry in one meeting - its goal to solve the requirement for a high-speed fighter (a "Schnelljager"). Simplicity remained key so a single pilot would be committed to operating the aircraft and a sole turbojet engine was to provide the needed propulsion. All other facets could be designed freely by engineers though attention to what war materials were available to builders should remain a key consideration going forward. It was hoped by the Air Ministry that the companies - which included Blohm and Voss, Focke-Wulf, Heinkel and Messerschmitt - would come to an agreement about the general design direction this fighter would take though the Air Ministry would also entertain solo submissions from each company directly if need be. The engine of choice became the Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011 series turbojet of 2,865 pounds thrust.


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    Blohm and Voss Bv P.209.02 Technical Specifications


    Service Year: 1946
    Type: Jet-Powered Single-Seat Fighter Proposal
    National Origin: Nazi Germany
    Manufacturer(s): Blohm and Voss - Nazi Germany
    Production Total: 0



    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)


    Operating Crew: 1
    Length: 28.87 feet (8.8 meters)
    Width: 26.57 feet (8.10 meters)
    Height: 10.50 feet (3.20 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 5,897 lb (2,675 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 19,897 lb (9,025 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance


    Engine(s): 1 x Heinkel-Hirth HeS 011A turbojet engine developing 2,855 lb of thrust.

    Maximum Speed: 615 mph (990 kph; 535 knots)
    Maximum Range: 404 miles (650 km)
    Service Ceiling: 39,698 feet (12,100 meters; 7.52 miles)
    Rate-of-Climb: 1,550 feet-per-minute (472 m/min)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    PROPOSED:
    2 OR 3 x 30mm MK 108 cannons in forward fuselage

    Global Operators / Customers


    Nazi Germany

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)


    P.209 - Base Project Designation

    P.209.1 - First proposal as tailless fighter design; swept-back wings with down-turned tips.

    P.209.2 - Second proposal featuring forward-swept wing mainplanes and traditional tail unit.