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  • Dassault Falcon 20 Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft

    While no longer actively produced, the Dassault Falcon 20 series still provides a presence in the business world.

     Updated: 6/21/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©www.MilitaryFactory.com

    In 1965, the French concern of Dassault introduced its line of business jets with the Dassault "Falcon 20" (despite its designation, actually preceding the Falcon 10). The product was initially developed under the name of "Mystere 20" and under the Dassault-Breguet brand label. It was powered by 2 x Pratt & Whitney JT12A-8 series turbofan engines and featured a crew of two with seating for up to fourteen. The design incorporated low-mounted, swept-back wings with a tubular fuselage and mid-mounted tailplanes along a singular vertical tail fin. The cockpit was set forward in its traditional place, aft of a short nose cone with good views afforded. The undercarriage was of the tricycle arrangement. Engines were mounted externally and well aft along the sides of the empennage. The initial prototype aircraft went airborne for the first time on May 4th, 1963.

    To reach the desired customer base, Dassault entered into talks with American carrier Pan American (PanAm) and from this the decision was made to select the General Electric CF700 turbofan over the original choice of Pratt & Whitney. PanAm then ordered its first 40 aircraft to which the line then received its requisite certification over American airspace in June of 1965. American versions were recognized as "Fan Jet Falcon".

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    Dassault Falcon 20F Technical Specifications

    Service Year: 1965
    Type: Business Jet / Light High-Speed Transport Aircraft
    National Origin: France
    Manufacturer(s): Dassault Aviation - France
    Production Total: 508

    Structural (Crew Space, Dimensions and Weights)

    Operating Crew: 2
    Length: 56.27 feet (17.15 meters)
    Width: 53.48 feet (16.30 meters)
    Height: 17.45 feet (5.32 meters)

    Weight (Empty): 16,535 lb (7,500 kg)
    Weight (MTOW): 28,660 lb (13,000 kg)

    Installed Power and Standard Day Performance

    Engine(s): 2 x General Electric CF700-2D-2 turbofan engines developing 4,500lbs of thrust each.

    Maximum Speed: 534 mph (860 kph; 464 knots)
    Maximum Range: 2,082 miles (3,350 km)
    Service Ceiling: 41,995 feet (12,800 meters; 7.95 miles)

    Armament / Mission Payload


    Global Operators / Customers

    Algeria; Angola; Australia; Belgium; Canada; Central African Republic; Chile; Djibouti; Egypt; France; Guinea-Bissau; Iran; Ivory Coast; Jordan; Lebanon; Libya; Mexico; Morocco; Nicaragua; Norway; Oman; Pakistan; Panama; Peru; Portugal; South Africa; Spain; Sudan; Syria; Tunisia; United Kingdom; United States; Venezuela

    Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

    Falcon 20 - Base Series Designation

    Mystere 20 - Prototype Designation

    Falcon 20C - Initial production models

    Falcon 20CC - Low-pressure tires

    Falcon 20D - 2 x GE CF700-2D turbofan engines

    Falcon 20E - 2 x GE CF700-2D-2 turbofan engines

    Falcon 20F - Increased fuel capacity

    Falcon 20FH - Prototype of Falcon 200 line

    Falcon 20G - Maritime Patrol Platform

    Falcon 20H - Original designation of Falcon 200 line.

    Falcon 200 - Improved Falcon 20 product; 2 x Garrett AiResearch ATF3-6-2C turbofan engines.

    Falcon ST - French Air Force trainers; 2 examples

    HU-25A Guardian - USCG spotter; 2 x Garrett turbofans; 41 examples.

    HU-25B Guardian - USCG spotter; SLAR equipment

    HU-25C Guardian - USCG spotter; Westinghouse radar; WF-360 FLIR.

    HU-25C+ Guardian - USCG spotter; upgraded HU-25C; AN/APG-66(V)2 radar with FLIR.

    HU-25D Guardian - USCG spotter; upgraded HU-25A; ISAR equipment and FLIR.

    Guardian 2 - Proposed USCG model; never produced

    CC-117 - Canadian military designation for Falcon 20C.

    Fan Jet Falcon - Original American market designation.

    Falcon Cargo Jet - Cargo-minded Falcon 20 for FedEx delivery services.

    Falcon 20C-5 - 2 x Garrett TFE731-5AR-2C or 2 x Garrett TFE31-5BR-2C turbofan engines with other improvements.

    Falcon 20D-5 - 2 x Garrett TFE731-5AR-2C or 2 x Garrett TFE31-5BR-2C turbofan engines with other improvements.

    Falcon 20E-5 - 2 x Garrett TFE731-5AR-2C or 2 x Garrett TFE31-5BR-2C turbofan engines with other improvements.

    Falcon 20F-5 - 2 x Garrett TFE731-5AR-2C or 2 x Garrett TFE31-5BR-2C turbofan engines with other improvements.