Military Factory
Military Factory

Cold War Soviet Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 2/26/2014

Soviet air power was but one of the threats to world peace in the West during the long-running Cold War.

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There are a total of 95 Cold War Soviet Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1963
Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya
The Czech designed and produced Aero L-29 Delfin (translating to "Dolphin"; NATO designation of "Maya") series was a highly u...
Thumbnail picture of the Aero L-29 Delfin / Maya

1972
Aero L-39 Albatros
The L-39 series of advanced jet trainer and light strike aircraft followed along the same lines as its predecessor - the L-29...
Thumbnail picture of the Aero L-39 Albatros

1959
Antonov An-12 (Cub)
The Antonov An-12 (NATO codename of "Cub") was the primary medium-lift military transport of the Soviet Union and its satelli...
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-12 (Cub)

1986
Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Condor)
The Antonov An-124 (NATO codename of "Condor") was the world's largest aircraft before the Antonov An-225 made its debut. The...
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-124 Ruslan (Condor)

1947
Antonov An-2 (Colt)
The Antonov An-2 is a multi-role light utility biplane initially produced under the Soviet flag. Despite its 1940's pedigree,...
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-2 (Colt)

1967
Antonov An-22 Antei
With one of the largest ground armies in the world during the Cold War, the Soviet military required many large transport typ...
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-22 Antei

1989
Antonov An-225 Mriya (Cossack)
The Antonov An-225 "Mriya" (Meaning "Dream") (NATO: "Cossack") is one of the largest and heaviest aircraft ever constructed...
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-225 Mriya (Cossack)

1962
Antonov An-24 (Coke)
The An-24 "Coke" was yet another in the long line of military transport aircraft produced during the Cold War by the Antonov ...
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-24 (Coke)

1989
Beriev Be-42 (A-40) Albatross (Mermaid)
The Soviets progressed jet-powered amphibious aircraft more so than any world power during the Cold War years. Beriev, with a...
Thumbnail picture of the Beriev Be-42 (A-40) Albatross (Mermaid)

1964
Boeing 727
After World War 2 (1939-1945) introduced the turbojet engine as a viable aviation propulsion system, the jet age was born and...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing 727

1941
Consolidated B-24 Liberator
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator became a major player for Allied forces during World War 2. Its exploits ranged the world ove...
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator

1942
de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito
Discussions of war-winning World War 2 aircraft regularly seem to leave out one of the most famous and successful of the conf...
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito

1940
Douglas C-47 Skytrain / Dakota
The C-47 Skytrain was a product of the Douglas Aircraft Company and is regarded as the best transport of World War 2. Interes...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas C-47 Skytrain / Dakota

1937
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork)
The seemingly fragile Fieseler Fi 156 Storch(or "Stork") does not seem to have a home in a global conflict as World War 2 was...
Thumbnail picture of the Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork)

1944
Ilyushin IL-10 (Beast)
The Ilyushin IL-10 was a follow-up design to the classic IL-2 "Shturmovik", an armored ground attack aircraft that won the ai...
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-10 (Beast)

1949
Ilyushin IL-28 (Beagle)
The Ilyushin IL-28 (codenamed "Beagle" by NATO) holds many distinctions in the annals of aviation history - some combat relat...
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-28 (Beagle)

1968
Ilyushin IL-38 (May)
The Ilyushin IL-38 (NATO codename of "May") is a maritime patrol and anti-submarine platform utilized solely by the navies of...
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-38 (May)

1975
Ilyushin IL-76 (Candid)
The Ilyushin IL-76 heavy transport was debuted in the early 1970s, entered service in the mid-1970s and is still operating to...
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-76 (Candid)

1932
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 52

1959
Kamov Ka-22
Since the prospect of vertical flight became established during the 1940s and evolved throughout the 1950s by way of the "hel...
Thumbnail picture of the Kamov Ka-22

1966
Kamov Ka-25 (Hormone)
The Kamov Ka-25 (NATO codename of "Hormone") was developed from the Ka-20, which itself was a response to a Soviet Navy requi...
Thumbnail picture of the Kamov Ka-25 (Hormone)

1975
Kamov Ka-27 (Helix)
The Ka-27 Helix was designed and built as a replacement for the aging Soviet-era Ka-25 navy helicopter - also built by Kamov....
Thumbnail picture of the Kamov Ka-27 (Helix)

1947
Lavochkin La-11 (Fang)
The Lavochkin La-11 was designed from the successful Lavochkin La-9 series of piston engine fighters with the difference bein...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-11 (Fang)

1949
Lavochkin La-15 (Fantail)
A series of Lavochkin jet-powered fighter prototypes preceded the La-15 (NATO reporting name of "Fantail") tactical fighter /...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-15 (Fantail)

1942
Lavochkin La-5
Design of the Lavochkin La-5 series of low-to-medium altitude, prop-driven fighter was spurred on by a need by the Soviet Air...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-5

1944
Lavochkin La-7
The Lavochkin La-7 was an improved variant of the preceding La-5 form. It incorporated a new Shvetsov engine, uprated to inc...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-7

1946
Lavochkin La-9 (Fritz)
Lavochkin produced two notable fighters during the defense of the Soviet Union in World War 2 (1939-1945), these being the La...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-9 (Fritz)

1987
Lun Ekranoplan
One of the more interesting of the Cold War aircraft developments became the massive Soviet Lun Ekranoplan (NATO codename of ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lun Ekranoplan

1934
Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun (Typhoon)
The high performance, record-setting Messerschmitt Bf 108 "Taifun" ("Typhoon") was born as a racing aircraft under the protot...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt  Bf 108 Taifun (Typhoon)

1975
Mikoyan MiG-27 (Flogger)
The Mikoyan MiG-27 "Flogger" was derived from the successful MiG-23 "Flogger" interceptor and made into a dedicated ground at...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan MiG-27 (Flogger)

1984
Mikoyan MiG-29 (Fulcrum)
The Mikoyan MiG-29 "Fulcrum" did much to further Soviet/Russian aviation technology and, along with the Sukhoi Su-27 "Flanker...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan MiG-29 (Fulcrum)

1979
Mikoyan MiG-31 (Foxhound)
The MiG-31 "Foxhound" was developed as an off-shoot of the record-setting MiG-25 "Foxbat". The Foxbat was of a fast breed of ...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan MiG-31 (Foxhound)

1949
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Fagot)
The MiG-15 (codenamed "Fagot" by the United Nations in reference to a "hastily bundled pile of sticks") became the Soviet Uni...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Fagot)

1952
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 (Fresco) / Chengdu J-5
As impressive as the later versions of the MiG-15 fighter were (detailed elsewhere on this site), the MiG-17 "Fresco" was a v...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 (Fresco) / Chengdu J-5

1955
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 (Farmer)
The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 "Farmer" was an entirely new aircraft design though it shared many external similarities with the...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19 (Farmer)

1959
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Fishbed)
The MiG-21 was undoubtedly the most successful Cold War fighter in terms of reach, operating in over 50 air forces around the...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Fishbed)

1970
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger)
The Mach 2-capable MiG-23 "Flogger" became the first true "swing-wing" fighter to enter service with the Soviet Union and wen...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Flogger)

1972
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Foxbat)
Like the Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" and the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 "Fishbed", the MiG-25 (NATO reporting name of "Foxbat") became ...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-25 (Foxbat)

1946
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 (Fargo)
The MiG-9 (NATO codename of "Fargo") was only the second attempt by the Soviet Union at designing and producing a viable jet-...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 (Fargo)

1975
Mil Mi-14 (Haze)
The Mil Mi-14 (NATO codename "Haze") was a dedicated naval anti-submarine helicopter appearing in limited production numbers ...
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-14 (Haze)

1973
Mil Mi-24 (Hind)
The famous Mil Mi-24 "Hind" helicopter stemmed from a Soviet Cold-War requirement for a heavily armed and armored transport h...
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-24 (Hind)

1983
Mil Mi-26 (Halo)
At the time of its inception, the Cold War-era Mi-26 (codenamed "Halo" by NATO) was - and still remains - the most powerful o...
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-26 (Halo)

1953
Mil Mi-4 (Hound)
The broad-reaching Mil Mi-4 series of helicopter (known to NATO as "Hound") first appeared in 1952 and was designed within th...
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-4 (Hound)

1962
Mil Mi-6 (Hook)
The Mil Mi-6 was an inventory stalwart for the Soviet Union and its allies during the Cold War. For a time, the Mi-6 represen...
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-6 (Hook)

1967
Mil Mi-8 (Hip)
Numbering well over 12,000 production examples, the Mil Mi-8 (NATO reporting name of "Hip") can be viewed as one of the most ...
Thumbnail picture of the Mil Mi-8 (Hip)

1968
Thumbnail picture of the Mil V-12

1955
Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)
The Myasishchev M-4 (NATO codename of "Bison") was developed to a Soviet Navy requirement for a jet-powered, long-range marit...
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)

1959
Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)
The M-50 and M-52 bombers were two prototype intercontinental supersonic strategic bombers proposed by the Soviet firm of Mya...
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)

1942
North American P-51 / F-51 Mustang
The North American P-51 Mustang proved an invaluable addition to the Allied cause in the latter half of World War 2. The syst...
Thumbnail picture of the North American P-51 / F-51 Mustang

1936
North American T-6 Texan
The T-6 Texan was and is a world famous single-engine aircraft primarily known for its use as a trainer. A product of the Nor...
Thumbnail picture of the North American T-6 Texan

1962
Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter / Tiger / Tiger II
The Northrop F-5 "Freedom Fighter" / "Tiger" / "Tiger II" series was designed from the outset as a low-cost, lightweight, mul...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter / Tiger / Tiger II

1941
Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn)
During World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviets lacked a heavy bomber stable when compared to the British and Americans. Instead,...
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn)

1940
Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)
During the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviet Union joined Germany and Italy is providing a lesser focus on capab...
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)

1985
Thumbnail picture of the PZL W-3A Sokol

1942
Republic P-47 / F-47 Thunderbolt
While much of the romance of World War 2 dogfighting often heads in the direction of the USAAF's North American P-51 Mustang ...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic P-47 / F-47 Thunderbolt

1964
Sukhoi Su-11 (Fishpot-C)
The Su-11, by any regard, is considered a potent fighter. Based on a further development of the inferior and limited Su-9, th...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-11 (Fishpot-C)

1967
Sukhoi Su-15 (Flagon)
The Su-15 (NATO codename of "Flagon") series of aircraft was designed by the Sukhoi firm as a true interceptor with the sole ...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-15 (Flagon)

1970
Sukhoi Su-17 / Su-20 / Su-22 (Fitter)
The Mach 2-capable Sukhoi Su-17 "Fitter" was a further development of the successful Su-7 "Fitter-A" fighter/fighter-bomber f...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-17 / Su-20 / Su-22 (Fitter)

1974
Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)
The Sukhoi Su-24 "Fencer" was the Soviet answer to the American General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark. The Soviet design was no dou...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)

1981
Sukhoi Su-25 (Frogfoot)
Since the early 1980s, the Sukhoi Su-25 (NATO codename of "Frogfoot") has served the close-support air strike interests of th...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-25 (Frogfoot)

1984
Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker)
The Su-27 "Flanker" series of aircraft is regarded by most airplane aficionados as the ultimate in Russian fighter design. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-27 (Flanker)

1959
Sukhoi Su-7 (Fitter-A)
The Sukhoi Su-7 (NATO codename of "Fitter-A") was a single-seat, single engine jet-powered fighter in service with the Soviet...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-7 (Fitter-A)

1959
Sukhoi Su-9 (Fishpot)
During the Korean War (1950-1953), the age of the jet-powered fighter had arrived. Soviet MiG-15s regularly tangled with Amer...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-9 (Fishpot)

1946
Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11 / Su-13 (1946)
While the concept of the turbojet engine lingered for some time, it was not put into practical use until the latter part of t...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11 / Su-13 (1946)

1938
Supermarine Spitfire
The Supermarine Spitfire the legendary British fighter aircraft developed prior to World War 2. The type earned its status as...
Thumbnail picture of the Supermarine Spitfire

1965
Tupolev Tu-126 (Moss)
Design of the Tupolev Tu-126 (NATO codename of "Moss") was conventional and followed much of what made up the large, propelle...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-126 (Moss)

1967
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-134

1972
Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)
As the Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" proved a successful strategic bomber across several roles for the Soviet military, a dedicated ma...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)

1972
Tupolev Tu-154 (Careless)
The Tupolev concern of Russia holds an aviation history dating as far back as 1926, having since established a name in large ...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-154 (Careless)

1954
Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)
The Tupolev Tu-16 (codenamed "Badger" by NATO) owed its success story to the Cold War and its own versatility. Throughout its...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)

1989
Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)
Since its inception, the Tupolev-produced Tu-160 (NATO codename of "Blackjack") has been the largest jet-powered, swing-wing ...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)

1942
Tupolev Tu-2 (Bat)
Russian aviation engineer Andrei Tupolev would lend his surname to a plethora of Soviet-era aircraft after founding his Tupol...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-2 (Bat)

1962
Tupolev Tu-22 (Blinder)
The Soviet/Russian Tupolev concern has had a long and established history in developing and producing large bomber-class airc...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-22 (Blinder)

1972
Tupolev Tu-22M (Backfire)
The Tupolev Tu22M "Backfire" was/is a dedicated strategic bombing and maritime strike platform primarily serving Soviet inter...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-22M (Backfire)

1964
Tupolev Tu-28 / Tu-128 (Fiddler)
With the vast territory encompassing the Soviet Union at its peak during the Cold War, its military required large, fast and ...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-28 / Tu-128 (Fiddler)

1949
Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)
During World War 2, the Soviet Union was threatened by both the Empire of Japan to the East and Nazi Germany to the West. Its...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)

1949
Tupolev Tu-80
In order to provide its bomber force with a long-range weapons delivery platform, Soviet engineers set to work on the new Tup...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-80

1951
Tupolev Tu-85
During World War 2 (1939-1945), Soviet engineers were able to study three captured American B-29 Superfortresses that were fo...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-85

1956
Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)
Following the developmental Tupolev Tu-80 and Tu-85 programs was the famous Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" which proved a common site i...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)

1956
Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)
Following World War 2, the aviation world was moving along at breakneck speeds in development of advanced jet-powered designs...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)

1947
Yakovlev Yak-15 (Feather)
After the fall of Germany in May of 1945, the Soviet Union (as well as the Allies) was privy to pieces of captured data regar...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-15 (Feather)

1947
Yakovlev Yak-17
The Yak-17 was a solid operator in service with the Soviet Union. As a post-World War Two design, the system had its roots in...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-17

1946
Yakovlev Yak-18 (Max)
During World War 2 (1939-1945), the Yakovlev UT-2 served as the standardized, primary aircraft trainer/fighter-trainer of Sov...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-18 (Max)

1947
Yakovlev Yak-23
The Yakovlev Yak-23 was the final iteration of the post-war turbojet designs beginning with the Yak-15 and continuing in the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-23

1955
Yakovlev Yak-25 (Flashlight / Mandrake)
The Yak-25 (NATO codename of "Flashlight") was yet another jet fighter design introduced by the Soviets during the early deca...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-25 (Flashlight / Mandrake)

1960
Yakovlev Yak-28 (Brewer / Firebar)
Post-World War 2 swept-wing research - coupled with advanced in turbojet technology - allowed the Soviet Union to field many ...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-28 (Brewer / Firebar)

1971
Yakovlev Yak-38 (Forger)
The Yakovlev Yak-38 Forger became the first (and last) VTOL service aircraft for the Soviet Union / Russian Federation. Attem...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-38 (Forger)

1991
Yakovlev Yak-44
During the latter half of the Cold War (1947 - 1991) years, the Soviet Union's naval branch positioned itself to field an all...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-44

1943
Yakovlev Yak-9 (Frank)
In line with other classic wartime fighters of World War 2, the Yakovlev-produced Yak-9 was another excellent piston-engine a...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-9 (Frank)