Military Factory
Military Factory

Cold War Bomber Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 12/20/2014

Prior to the development of the intercontinental ballistic missile, the long-range strategic bomber was the primary nuclear threat of the Cold War.

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There are a total of 78 Cold War Bomber Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1979
Avioane IAR 93 Vultur (Vulture)
Romania and Yugoslavia managed autonomy in the Soviet-dominated socialist period following World War 2. As such, the countrie...
Thumbnail picture of the Avioane IAR 93 Vultur (Vulture)

1949
Avro 707
The classic British "V-Bomber" - the Avro Vulcan - incorporated a highly advanced, large-area delta wing planform which gave ...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 707

1942
Avro Lancaster
The Avro Lancaster went on to become the most important British heavy bomber or World War 2. Interestingly, its success was b...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lancaster

1945
Avro Lincoln
The Avro Lincoln became a late-World War 2, four-engined heavy bomber developed form the hugely successful Avro Lancaster ser...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lincoln

1956
Avro Vulcan
The Avro Vulcan formed the second point on the triangle in the British "V-Bombers" collection - a series of three high-altitu...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Vulcan

1959
BAC TSR-2
Along the same lines as the prototype North American XB-70 Valkyrie strategic bomber of the United States Air Force, the BAC ...
Thumbnail picture of the BAC TSR-2

1961
Beriev Be-10 (Mallow)
The Beriev Be-10 flying boat was developed for use by Soviet Naval Aviation as a patrol bomber during the Cold War years. It ...
Thumbnail picture of the Beriev Be-10 (Mallow)

1943
Boeing B-29 Superfortress
B-29 Superfortress status is often associated with the atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress

1951
Boeing B-47 Stratojet
The swept-wing B-47 Stratojet produced by Boeing was a milestone in American bomber design in several ways. The system pionee...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-47 Stratojet

1948
Boeing B-50 Superfortress
Though looking every bit the identical twin of the World War Two-era B-29 Superfortress (also produced by Boeing), the B-50 i...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-50 Superfortress

1955
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
The B-52 has been the preeminent American heavy bomber of the last 54 years. The massive aircraft served throughout the heigh...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

1959
Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind)
The Breguet Br.1050 "Alize" (meaning "tradewind") was a French production aircraft suitable for carrier-based anti-submarine ...
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind)

1946
Bristol Brigand
In 1942, the British Air Ministry sought to replace its Bristol Beaufighter heavy fighter fleet with a newer, faster, twin-en...
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol Brigand

1939
CAC Wirraway
The CAC Wirraway ("Challenge" in the Woiwurrung native tongue) became one of Australia's primary trainer aircraft from 1939 o...
Thumbnail picture of the CAC Wirraway

1936
CANT Z.506 Airone (Heron)
Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico ("CANT") was responsible for the excellent Italian floatplane design that was the CANT Z.506 ...
Thumbnail picture of the CANT Z.506 Airone (Heron)

1938
Caproni Ca.310 (Libeccio)
The Caproni concern of Italy was founded in 1908 and delivered several notable designs to the Italian Air Service of World Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.310 (Libeccio)

1941
Consolidated B-24 Liberator
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator became a major player for Allied forces during World War 2. Its exploits ranged the world ove...
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator

1949
Convair B-36 Peacemaker
If developed a few years sooner, the massive jet-powered Convair B-36 "Peacemaker" could have very well taken part in the fin...
Thumbnail picture of the Convair B-36 Peacemaker

1960
Convair B-58 Hustler
The delta-wing Convair B-58 Hustler was the first United States Air Force supersonic operational bomber. The system was desig...
Thumbnail picture of the Convair B-58 Hustler

1963
Dassault Mirage IV
The Dassault Mirage IV series was designed to a French requirement for a supersonic aircraft platform capable of delivering a...
Thumbnail picture of the Dassault Mirage IV

1942
de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito
Discussions of war-winning World War 2 aircraft regularly seem to leave out one of the most famous and successful of the conf...
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito

1956
Douglas A-3 Skywarrior
Douglas supplied its large, twin-engine Skywarrior jet-powered bomber to both the United States Air Force (as the B-66 Destro...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas A-3 Skywarrior

1956
Douglas B-66 / RB-66 Destroyer
Requiring a successor for their aging Douglas A-26 Invader fleet, the United States Air Force (USAF) contracted with the Doug...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas B-66 / RB-66 Destroyer

1941
Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)
Douglas Aircraft played a major role in American aviation from the 1920s into the 1960s, encompassing the Golden Age of Fligh...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)

1951
English Electric Canberra
The English Electric Canberra was a strike-minded, jet-powered medium bomber platform that made up Britain's critical bomber/...
Thumbnail picture of the English Electric Canberra

1937
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork)
The seemingly fragile Fieseler Fi 156 Storch(or "Stork") does not seem to have a home in a global conflict as World War 2 was...
Thumbnail picture of the Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork)

1967
General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark
The General Dynamics F-111 "Aardvark" was purposely-designed as a variable geometry "swing wing" platform from the outset. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark

1963
Grumman A-6 Intruder
The Grumman A-6 "Intruder" was a dedicated strike platform designed to a United States Navy (USN) requirement for an all-weat...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman A-6 Intruder

1942
Grumman TBF Avenger
Destined never to win beauty contests, the Grumman TBF Avenger series of aircraft would go down as one of the most potent tor...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman TBF Avenger

1940
Handley Page Halifax
While the Lancaster Heavy Bomber will always be more identifiable in terms of the British night bombing campaigns of World Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Halifax

1957
Handley Page Victor
The Handley Page Victor formed the last part of the RAF's "V-Bomber" triangle also consisting of the Vickers Valliant and the...
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Victor

1935
Heinkel He 111
The German Luftwaffe of World War 2 fielded a trio of capable (though eventually limited) medium-class bombers in the Dornier...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 111

1949
Ilyushin IL-28 (Beagle)
The Ilyushin IL-28 (codenamed "Beagle" by NATO) holds many distinctions in the annals of aviation history - some combat relat...
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-28 (Beagle)

1943
Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger)
When the new Junkers Ju 288 - a design meant to replace the Junkers Ju 88 series of bombers - ran into developmental issues w...
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger)

1939
Junkers Ju 88
The Junkers Ju 88 formed a third of the German Luftwaffe medium bomber triad of World War 2 (1939-1945) and, like its sister ...
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 88

1940
Kawasaki Ki-48 Sokei (Lily)
The Kawasaki Ki-48 proved itself a serviceable twin-engine light bomber mount for the Japanese military of World War 2 (1939-...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-48 Sokei (Lily)

1938
Liore-et-Olivier LeO 45
The French Air Force fielded a variety of capable aircraft prior to World War 2 and its ability to defend itself against the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Liore-et-Olivier LeO 45

1982
Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk (Stealth Fighter)
The F-117 Nighthawk achieved global fame in the 1991 air war against Iraq. The aircraft was the world's first operational ste...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk (Stealth Fighter)

1954
Martin B-57 Canberra
When the United States committed to participation in the Korean War (1950-1953), it pressed into service much of its existing...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin B-57 Canberra

1943
Martin JRM Mars
World War 2 proved the swan song for the flying boat, large aircraft granted boat-like hulls and high-mounted wings to allow ...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin JRM Mars

1949
Martin XB-51
Developed as a low-level bomber and ground attack platform for the then-United States Army Air Force (USAAF), the Martin XB-5...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin XB-51

1983
McDonnell Douglas / General Dynamics A-12 Avenger II
The McDonnell Douglas A-12 "Avenger II" was slated to become the United States Navy's (USN) first stealth aircraft. The type ...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell Douglas / General Dynamics A-12 Avenger II

1937
Messerschmitt Bf 109
In the years leading up to and during World War 2, the Messerschmitt Bf 109 was the principle fighter of the German Luftwaffe...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Bf 109

1944
Messerschmitt Me 262 (Schwalbe / Sturmvogel)
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was the German answer to a failing war effort heading into 1945 during World War 2 (1939-1945). It w...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 262 (Schwalbe / Sturmvogel)

1937
Mitsubishi Ki-15 (Babs)
The Mitsubishi Ki-15 (codenamed "Babs" by the Allies) was a light-class aircraft of the Japanese Empire, utilized in both bom...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-15 (Babs)

1938
Mitsubishi Ki-30 (Ann)
Mitsubishi played a prominent role as a primary defense contractor for the Empire of Japan during World War 2. To fulfill an ...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-30 (Ann)

1955
Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)
The Myasishchev M-4 (NATO codename of "Bison") was developed to a Soviet Navy requirement for a jet-powered, long-range marit...
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)

1959
Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)
The M-50 and M-52 bombers were two prototype intercontinental supersonic strategic bombers proposed by the Soviet firm of Mya...
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)

1961
North American A-5 Vigilante
The A-5 Vigilante bomber actually began as a private venture by the North American Aviation Company as early as 1953. This de...
Thumbnail picture of the North American A-5 Vigilante

1950
North American AJ (A-2) Savage
The AJ Savage series of aircraft was a product of the North American Aviation Company for the United States Navy following th...
Thumbnail picture of the North American AJ (A-2) Savage

1948
North American B-45 Tornado
Development of the XB-45 began in 1944 and continued into 1945, representing the later years of the Second World War. With re...
Thumbnail picture of the North American B-45 Tornado

1964
North American XB-70 Valkyrie
The XB-70 Valkyrie was intended to be the USAF 'super bomber' for decades to come and was tabbed as the eventual successor to...
Thumbnail picture of the North American XB-70 Valkyrie

1946
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop YB-35

1947
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop YB-49

1941
Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn)
During World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviets lacked a heavy bomber stable when compared to the British and Americans. Instead,...
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn)

1940
Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)
During the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviet Union joined Germany and Italy is providing a lesser focus on capab...
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)

1986
Rockwell B-1 Lancer
Military aircraft seldom take an uneventful road to full operational service and such was the case with the storied Rockwell ...
Thumbnail picture of the Rockwell B-1 Lancer

1935
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Bat)
The Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello ("Bat") served primarily with the Regia Aeronautica throughout the 1930s and 1940s. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Bat)

1950
Short S38 Sturgeon
The Short S.38 Sturgeon was born through a World War 2 (1939-1945) British naval requirement under Specification S.6/43 for a...
Thumbnail picture of the Short S38 Sturgeon

1941
Short Stirling
The Short Sterling formed the backbone of British RAF heavy bomber groups beginning in January of 1941 and forged an operatio...
Thumbnail picture of the Short Stirling

1974
Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)
The Sukhoi Su-24 "Fencer" was the Soviet answer to the American General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark. The Soviet design was no dou...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)

1938
Supermarine Spitfire
The Supermarine Spitfire the legendary British fighter aircraft developed prior to World War 2. The type earned its status as...
Thumbnail picture of the Supermarine Spitfire

1972
Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)
As the Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" proved a successful strategic bomber across several roles for the Soviet military, a dedicated ma...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)

1954
Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)
The Tupolev Tu-16 (codenamed "Badger" by NATO) owed its success story to the Cold War and its own versatility. Throughout its...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)

1989
Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)
Since its inception, the Tupolev-produced Tu-160 (NATO codename of "Blackjack") has been the largest jet-powered, swing-wing ...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)

1942
Tupolev Tu-2 (Bat)
Russian aviation engineer Andrei Tupolev would lend his surname to a plethora of Soviet-era aircraft after founding his Tupol...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-2 (Bat)

1962
Tupolev Tu-22 (Blinder)
The Soviet/Russian Tupolev concern has had a long and established history in developing and producing large bomber-class airc...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-22 (Blinder)

1972
Tupolev Tu-22M (Backfire)
The Tupolev Tu22M "Backfire" was/is a dedicated strategic bombing and maritime strike platform primarily serving Soviet inter...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-22M (Backfire)

1949
Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)
During World War 2, the Soviet Union was threatened by both the Empire of Japan to the East and Nazi Germany to the West. Its...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)

1949
Tupolev Tu-80
In order to provide its bomber force with a long-range weapons delivery platform, Soviet engineers set to work on the new Tup...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-80

1951
Tupolev Tu-85
During World War 2 (1939-1945), Soviet engineers were able to study three captured American B-29 Superfortresses that were fo...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-85

1956
Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)
Following the developmental Tupolev Tu-80 and Tu-85 programs was the famous Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" which proved a common site i...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)

1956
Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)
Following World War 2, the aviation world was moving along at breakneck speeds in development of advanced jet-powered designs...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)

1955
Vickers Valiant
At a time when military satellites, ballistic missiles, nuclear submarines and UAVs didn't rule the battlefield, the West was...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Valiant

1943
VL Myrsky (Storm)
Prior to its war with the Soviets, Finnish authorities were contemplating an indigenous fighter design to stock its fledgling...
Thumbnail picture of the VL Myrsky (Storm)

1958
Xian H-6
Into the 1960s, communist China held a close working military and political relationship with the Soviet Union. As such, ther...
Thumbnail picture of the Xian H-6

1960
Yakovlev Yak-28 (Brewer / Firebar)
Post-World War 2 swept-wing research - coupled with advanced in turbojet technology - allowed the Soviet Union to field many ...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-28 (Brewer / Firebar)