Military Factory

Cold War Bomber Aircraft

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 11/30/2015

Prior to the development of the intercontinental ballistic missile, the long-range strategic bomber was the primary nuclear threat of the Cold War.





There are a total of (89) Cold War Bomber Aircraft in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1979
Avioane IAR 93 Vultur (Vulture)
Romania and Yugoslavia managed autonomy in the Soviet-dominated socialist period following World War... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Avioane IAR 93 Vultur (Vulture)

1949
Avro 707
The classic British "V-Bomber" - the Avro Vulcan - incorporated a highly advanced, large-area delta ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 707

1942
Avro Lancaster
The Avro Lancaster went on to become the most important British heavy bomber or World War 2. Interes... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lancaster

1945
Avro Lincoln
The Avro Lincoln became a late-World War 2, four-engined heavy bomber developed form the hugely succ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lincoln

1956
Avro Vulcan
The Avro Vulcan formed the second point on the triangle in the British "V-Bombers" collection - a se... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Vulcan

1959
BAC TSR-2
Along the same lines as the prototype North American XB-70 Valkyrie strategic bomber of the United S... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the BAC TSR-2

1961
Beriev Be-10 (Mallow)
The Beriev Be-10 flying boat was developed for use by Soviet Naval Aviation as a patrol bomber durin... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Beriev Be-10 (Mallow)

1943
Boeing B-29 Superfortress
B-29 Superfortress status is often associated with the atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities o... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress

1951
Boeing B-47 Stratojet
The swept-wing B-47 Stratojet produced by Boeing was a milestone in American bomber design in severa... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-47 Stratojet

1948
Boeing B-50 Superfortress
Though looking every bit the direct copy of the World War 2-era Boeing B-29 "Superfortress" heavy bo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-50 Superfortress

1955
Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
The B-52 has been the preeminent American heavy bomber of the last 54 years. The massive aircraft se... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress

1959
Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind)
The Breguet Br.1050 "Alize" (meaning "tradewind") was a French production aircraft suitable for carr... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Br.1050 Alize (Tradewind)

1940
Bristol Beaufighter
The twin-engine Bristol Beaufighter (known simply as "Beau") heavy fighter became a national wartime... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol Beaufighter

1946
Bristol Brigand
In 1942, the British Air Ministry sought to replace its Bristol Beaufighter heavy fighter fleet with... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol Brigand

1939
CAC Wirraway
The CAC Wirraway ("Challenge" in the Woiwurrung native tongue) became one of Australia's primary tra... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the CAC Wirraway

1936
CANT Z.506 Airone (Heron)
Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico ("CANT") was responsible for the excellent Italian floatplane design... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the CANT Z.506 Airone (Heron)

1938
Caproni Ca.310 (Libeccio)
The Caproni concern of Italy was founded in 1908 and delivered several notable designs to the Italia... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.310 (Libeccio)

1941
Consolidated B-24 Liberator
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator became a major player for Allied forces during World War 2. Its expl... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator

1949
Convair B-36 Peacemaker
If developed a few years sooner, the massive jet-powered Convair B-36 "Peacemaker" could have very w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Convair B-36 Peacemaker

1960
Convair B-58 Hustler
The delta-wing Convair B-58 Hustler was the first United States Air Force supersonic operational bom... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Convair B-58 Hustler

1963
Dassault Mirage IV
The Dassault Mirage IV series was designed to a French requirement for a supersonic aircraft platfor... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Dassault Mirage IV

1942
de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito
Discussions of war-winning World War 2 aircraft regularly seem to leave out one of the most famous a... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito

1956
Douglas A-3 Skywarrior
Douglas supplied its large, twin-engine Skywarrior jet-powered bomber to both the United States Air ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas A-3 Skywarrior

1956
Douglas B-66 / RB-66 Destroyer
Requiring a successor for their aging Douglas A-26 Invader fleet, the United States Air Force (USAF)... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas B-66 / RB-66 Destroyer

1941
Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)
Douglas Aircraft played a major role in American aviation from the 1920s into the 1960s, encompassin... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)

1944
Douglas XB-42 Mixmaster
World War 2 (1939-1945) provided American aeronautical engineers with something of a blank canvas wh... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-42 Mixmaster

1946
Douglas XB-43 Jetmaster
Born from the XB-42 "Mixmaster" program - which sought a unique solution for a budget-conscious medi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-43 Jetmaster

1951
English Electric Canberra
The English Electric Canberra was a strike-minded, jet-powered medium bomber platform that made up B... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the English Electric Canberra

1943
Fairey Barracuda
The Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm (FAA) attempted to replace its aging Fairey Swordfish biplane torpedo b... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Barracuda

1937
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork)
The seemingly fragile Fieseler Fi 156 Storch(or "Stork") does not seem to have a home in a global co... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork)

1967
General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark
The General Dynamics F-111 "Aardvark" was purposely-designed as a variable geometry "swing wing" pla... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark

1963
Grumman A-6 Intruder
The Grumman A-6 "Intruder" was a dedicated strike platform designed to a United States Navy (USN) re... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman A-6 Intruder

1942
Grumman TBF Avenger
Destined never to win beauty contests, the Grumman TBF Avenger series of aircraft would go down as o... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman TBF Avenger

1940
Handley Page Halifax
While the Lancaster Heavy Bomber will always be more identifiable in terms of the British night bomb... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Halifax

1957
Handley Page Victor
The Handley Page Victor formed the last part of the RAF's "V-Bomber" triangle also consisting of the... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Victor

1935
Heinkel He 111
The German Luftwaffe of World War 2 fielded a trio of capable (though eventually limited) medium-cla... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 111

1949
Ilyushin IL-28 (Beagle)
The Ilyushin IL-28 (codenamed "Beagle" by NATO) holds many distinctions in the annals of aviation hi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-28 (Beagle)

1943
Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger)
When the new Junkers Ju 288 - a design meant to replace the Junkers Ju 88 series of bombers - ran in... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger)

1942
Junkers Ju 290
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 290

1932
Junkers Ju 52
The tri-motor, prop-driven aircraft achieve popularity for a short time during the Interwar years - ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 52

1939
Junkers Ju 88
The Junkers Ju 88 formed a third of the German Luftwaffe medium bomber triad of World War 2 (1939-19... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 88

1940
Kawasaki Ki-48 Sokei (Lily)
The Kawasaki Ki-48 proved itself a serviceable twin-engine light bomber mount for the Japanese milit... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-48 Sokei (Lily)

1938
Liore-et-Olivier LeO 45
The French Air Force fielded a variety of capable aircraft prior to World War 2 and its ability to d... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Liore-et-Olivier LeO 45

1982
Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk (Stealth Fighter)
The F-117 Nighthawk achieved global fame in the 1991 air war against Iraq. The aircraft was the worl... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk (Stealth Fighter)

1942
Lockheed PV-1 Ventura / PV-2 Harpoon
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed PV-1 Ventura / PV-2 Harpoon

1954
Martin B-57 Canberra
When the United States committed to participation in the Korean War (1950-1953), it pressed into ser... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Martin B-57 Canberra

1943
Martin JRM Mars
World War 2 proved the swan song for the flying boat, large aircraft granted boat-like hulls and hig... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Martin JRM Mars

1947
Martin XB-48
World War 2 (1939-1945) saw the rise of turbojet technology for future military aircraft application... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Martin XB-48

1949
Martin XB-51
Developed as a low-level bomber and ground attack platform for the then-United States Army Air Force... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Martin XB-51

1983
McDonnell Douglas / General Dynamics A-12 Avenger II
The McDonnell Douglas A-12 "Avenger II" was slated to become the United States Navy's (USN) first st... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell Douglas / General Dynamics A-12 Avenger II

1937
Messerschmitt Bf 109
In the years leading up to and during World War 2, the Messerschmitt Bf 109 was the principle fighte... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Bf 109

1944
Messerschmitt Me 262 (Schwalbe / Sturmvogel)
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was the German answer to a failing war effort heading into 1945 during Worl... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 262 (Schwalbe / Sturmvogel)

1937
Mitsubishi Ki-15 (Babs)
The Mitsubishi Ki-15 (codenamed "Babs" by the Allies) was a light-class aircraft of the Japanese Emp... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-15 (Babs)

1938
Mitsubishi Ki-30 (Ann)
Mitsubishi played a prominent role as a primary defense contractor for the Empire of Japan during Wo... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-30 (Ann)

1955
Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)
The Myasishchev M-4 (NATO codename of "Bison") was developed to a Soviet Navy requirement for a jet-... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-4 / 3M (Bison)

1959
Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)
The M-50 and M-52 bombers were two prototype intercontinental supersonic strategic bombers proposed ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Myasishchev M-50 / M-52 (Bounder)

1961
North American A-5 Vigilante
The aviation concern of North American became a household name in American military aviation thanks ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the North American A-5 Vigilante

1950
North American AJ (A-2) Savage
The AJ Savage series of aircraft was a product of the North American Aviation Company for the United... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the North American AJ (A-2) Savage

1948
North American B-45 Tornado
Development of the XB-45 began in 1944 and continued into 1945, representing the later years of the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the North American B-45 Tornado

1964
North American XB-70 Valkyrie
In the decades following World War 2 (1939-1945) there stood a period of immense achievements relate... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the North American XB-70 Valkyrie

1946
Northrop XB-35 / YB-35
The concept of the flying wing bomber had been on the minds of aeronautical engineers for quite some... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop XB-35 / YB-35

1947
Northrop YB-49
The YB-49 strategic bomber prototype came about as an extension of the ultimately-cancelled XB-35/YB... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop YB-49

1947
OKB-1 EF-131
In their historical advance on Berlin during World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviet Army captured the r... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the OKB-1 EF-131

1948
OKB-1 EF-140
The EF-140 was a Soviet post-World War 2 jet-powered tactical bomber design continuation of the line... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the OKB-1 EF-140

1952
OKB-1 EF-150
... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the OKB-1 EF-150

1941
Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn)
During World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviets lacked a heavy bomber stable when compared to the Britis... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn)

1940
Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)
During the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviet Union joined Germany and Italy in providin... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)

1986
Rockwell B-1 Lancer
Military aircraft seldom take an uneventful road to full operational service and such was the case w... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Rockwell B-1 Lancer

1935
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Bat)
The Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello ("Bat") served primarily with the Regia Aeronautica throughou... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Bat)

1950
Short S38 Sturgeon
The Short S.38 Sturgeon was born through a World War 2 (1939-1945) British naval requirement under S... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Short S38 Sturgeon

1941
Short Stirling
The Short Sterling formed the backbone of British RAF heavy bomber groups beginning in January of 19... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Short Stirling

1974
Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)
The Sukhoi Su-24 "Fencer" was the Soviet answer to the American General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark. The... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-24 (Fencer)

1972
Sukhoi T-4 (Sotka)
When it was learned that the Americans were delving into a high-speed, high-altitude Mach 3-capable ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi T-4 (Sotka)

1938
Supermarine Spitfire
The Supermarine Spitfire the legendary British fighter aircraft developed prior to World War 2. The ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Supermarine Spitfire

1972
Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)
As the Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" proved a successful strategic bomber across several roles for the Soviet... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-142 (Bear)

1954
Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)
The Tupolev Tu-16 (codenamed "Badger" by NATO) owed its success story to the Cold War and its own ve... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-16 (Badger)

1989
Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)
Since its inception, the Tupolev-produced Tu-160 (NATO codename of "Blackjack", nicknamed in Russia/... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-160 (Blackjack)

1942
Tupolev Tu-2 (Bat)
Russian aviation engineer Andrei Tupolev would lend his surname to a plethora of Soviet-era aircraft... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-2 (Bat)

1962
Tupolev Tu-22 (Blinder)
The Soviet/Russian Tupolev concern has had a long and established history in developing and producin... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-22 (Blinder)

1972
Tupolev Tu-22M (Backfire)
The Tupolev Tu22M "Backfire" was/is a dedicated strategic bombing and maritime strike platform prima... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-22M (Backfire)

1949
Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)
During World War 2, the Soviet Union was threatened by both the Empire of Japan to the East and Nazi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)

1949
Tupolev Tu-80
In order to provide its bomber force with a long-range weapons delivery platform, Soviet engineers s... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-80

1951
Tupolev Tu-85
During World War 2 (1939-1945), Soviet engineers were able to study three captured American B-29 Sup... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-85

1956
Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)
Following the developmental Tupolev Tu-80 and Tu-85 programs was the famous Tupolev Tu-95 "Bear" whi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-95 (Bear)

1956
Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)
Following World War 2, the aviation world was moving along at breakneck speeds in development of adv... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-98 (Backfin)

1955
Vickers Valiant
At a time when military satellites, ballistic missiles, nuclear submarines and UAVs didn't rule the ... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Valiant

1943
VL Myrsky (Storm)
Prior to its war with the Soviets, Finnish authorities were contemplating an indigenous fighter desi... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the VL Myrsky (Storm)

1958
Xian H-6
Into the 1960s, communist China held a close working military and political relationship with the So... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Xian H-6

1960
Yakovlev Yak-28 (Brewer / Firebar)
Post-World War 2 swept-wing research - coupled with advanced in turbojet technology - allowed the So... [Read More]
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-28 (Brewer / Firebar)