Military Factory
Military Factory

Aircraft from 1940 - 1949

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 2/25/2014

Another World War furthered flight technology moreso than any peacetime movement could, signaling the dawn of the rocket and jet ages.

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There are a total of 332 Aircraft from 1940 - 1949 in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1944
Aichi B7A Ryusei (Grace)
The Aichi-produced B7A "Ryusei" (translated to "Shooting Star" and nicknamed "Grace" by the Allies) was a limited-production ...
Thumbnail picture of the Aichi B7A Ryusei (Grace)

1940
Aichi D3A (Val)
The D3A series of aircraft (dubbed "Val" by the Allies) were thought to be all but extinct when the war in the Pacific began....
Thumbnail picture of the Aichi D3A (Val)

1941
Aichi E13A (Jake)
Based on number alone, the Aichi production E13A series of floatplanes (dubbed "Jake" by the Allies) was the most important s...
Thumbnail picture of the Aichi E13A (Jake)

1944
Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul)
The E16A Zuiun (translated into "Auspicious Cloud" and codenamed "Paul" by the Allies) was a dedicated reconnaissance floatpl...
Thumbnail picture of the Aichi E16A Zuiun (Paul)

1945
Aichi M6A Seiran
This oft-forgotten Aichi aircraft design was classified as an attack floatplane, designed exclusively for the launching from ...
Thumbnail picture of the Aichi M6A Seiran

1942
Airspeed Horsa
Aircraft such as the Airspeed AS.51 "Horsa" rarely receive their due in the grand scope of World War 2 - a conflict littered ...
Thumbnail picture of the Airspeed Horsa

1940
Amiot 354
The Amiot 354 bomber and reconnaissance platform was a quite capable aircraft when war broke out over France. The system had ...
Thumbnail picture of the Amiot 354

1947
Antonov An-2 (Colt)
The Antonov An-2 is a multi-role light utility biplane initially produced under the Soviet flag. Despite its 1940's pedigree,...
Thumbnail picture of the Antonov An-2 (Colt)

1941
Arado Ar 232 Tausendfussler (Millipede)
The Arado aircraft concern of Germany produced one of the more identifiable large transport aircraft of the Luftwaffe during ...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar 232 Tausendfussler (Millipede)

1944
Arado Ar 234 (Blitz)
As the German Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" ("Swallow") holds the distinction of becoming the world's first operational jet...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar 234 (Blitz)

1940
Arado Ar 240
The Arado Ar 240 was designed to an RLM 1938 response to replace the twin engine, two seat Messerschmitt BF 110 Zerstorer hea...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar 240

1943
Arado Ar E.340
Arado proposed the Ar E.340 for a German Air Ministry requirement during World War 2 calling for a twin-engined, medium-class...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.340

1944
Arado Ar E.381 (Kleinstjager)
The Ar E.381-series of prototypes was submitted in 1944 for review by the German Air Ministry. Whilst a plethora of companies...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.381 (Kleinstjager)

1940
Arado Ar E.530
The idea of twin fuselage aircraft was always in the minds of military aircraft engineers throughout the Second World War. Co...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.530

1943
Arado Ar E.555
Arado proposed this E.555 flying wing concept towards the end of 1943 as a high-speed long-range bomber. The flying wing conc...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.555

1945
Arado Ar E.560
The Arado E.560 series of developmental high-speed jet bombers saw a large evolution on paper. Design of the platform centere...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.560

1944
Arado Ar E.580
Once the Volksjager competition came around in 1944, Arado Flugzeugwerke went back to a 1943 design and added revisions to pr...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.580

1944
Arado Ar E.581.4
The Arado Ar E.581.4 was a proposed single-seat, jet-powered fighter design put forth by the Arado concern (best known for it...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.581.4

1943
Arado Ar E.654 (Kampfzerstorer / Skorpion)
The Arado Ar E.654 was proposed as a heavy fighter / destroyer platform designed from another Arado product - the Ar 240. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar E.654 (Kampfzerstorer / Skorpion)

1945
Arado Ar Projekt II
The Arado Ar Projekt II was a proposed jet-powered fighter of considerable size. It carried a basic classification of nightfi...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar Projekt II

1943
Arado Ar TEW 16/43-13
The Arado Ar TEW 16/43-13 was a design concept envisioned as a rocket-propelled interceptor for the German Luftwaffe. The des...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-13

1943
Arado Ar TEW 16/43-15
The Arado Ar TEW 16/43-15 concept was born out of an in-house research project studying the possibilities of jet-powered figh...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-15

1943
Arado Ar TEW 16/43-19
With development of the advanced twin-engine, jet-powered Ar 234 "Blitz" bomber coming along, the Arado firm turned its atten...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-19

1943
Arado Ar TEW 16/43-23
The single-seat, jet-powered Arado Ar TEW 16/43-23 design was penciled sometime in 1943. Categorized as a fighter, the type m...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado Ar TEW 16/43-23

1945
Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter)
Project NJ-1 "Nacht Jager 1" ("Night Hunter 1") was put forth by the Arado concern of Germany during the latter stages of Wor...
Thumbnail picture of the Arado NJ-1 Nacht Jager (Night Hunter)

1941
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle
The Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle became one of those aircraft designs that evolved into a role not initially envisioned. The...
Thumbnail picture of the Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle

1947
Armstrong Whitworth AW52
Flying wings were not strictly the domain of the Americans and German during World War 2 (1939-1944) for the British also sha...
Thumbnail picture of the Armstrong Whitworth AW52

1940
Arsenal VG-33
In the grand scope of World War 2 fighter aircraft there is a little-remembered French design designated the Arsenal "VG-33"....
Thumbnail picture of the Arsenal VG-33

1949
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 707

1942
Avro Lancaster
The Avro Lancaster went on to become the most important British heavy bomber or World War 2. Interestingly, its success was b...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lancaster

1945
Avro Lincoln
The Avro Lincoln became a late-World War 2, four-engined heavy bomber developed form the hugely successful Avro Lancaster ser...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Lincoln

1940
Avro Manchester
The Avro Manchester was a semi-successful attempt by the Avro firm to fulfill Air Ministry Specification P.13/36. The specifi...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro Manchester

1945
Bachem Ba 349 Natter (Adder / Viper)
The Bachem Ba 349 Natter (translated to "Adder" though also known as the "Viper") was one of the late-war German aircraft ini...
Thumbnail picture of the Bachem Ba 349 Natter (Adder / Viper)

1941
Beechcraft C-45 (Expeditor)
The Beechcraft C-45 was based on the Beech Aircraft Corporation's civilian-minded Model 18 "Twin Beech" series. First flight ...
Thumbnail picture of the Beechcraft C-45 (Expeditor)

1944
Beechcraft XA-38 Grizzly / Destroyer (Model 28)
The XA-38 was a developmental twin-engine heavy fighter produced by the Beech Aircraft firm. By all accounts, she was a stabl...
Thumbnail picture of the Beechcraft XA-38 Grizzly / Destroyer (Model 28)

1947
Bell H-13 Sioux
The "helicopter" saw development during World War 2 (1939-1945) and some were in fact used by the Germans in the latter phase...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell H-13 Sioux

1946
Bell Model 47
While the helicopter received some attention during World War 2 (1939-1945), it was not until the Korean War that its practic...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell Model 47

1941
Bell P-39 Airacobra
The Bell P-39 Airacobra is yet another in the long line aircraft studies stemming from World War 2 in the "what-might-have be...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell P-39 Airacobra

1942
Bell P-59 Airacomet
The Bell-produced P-59 Airacomet series is one of those aircraft that becomes more of a study in American jet pioneering than...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell P-59 Airacomet

1943
Bell P-63 Kingcobra
At its core, the Bell P-63 Kingcobra proved a modest improvement over the relative failure that was the P-39 Airacobra. Thoug...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell P-63 Kingcobra

1947
Bell X-1
The Bell X-1 was an advanced technology demonstrator that became the first aircraft in the history of aviation to break the s...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell X-1

1940
Bell XFL Airabonita
The XFL "Airabonita" was a Bell Aircraft Company product developed in parallel with the P-39 Airacobra, a land-based USAAF de...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell XFL Airabonita

1940
Bell XFM-1 Airacuda
In the same way that the XFM-1 Airacuda was a "different" sort of aircraft, the Bell company itself was "different sort" of a...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell XFM-1 Airacuda

1944
Bell XP-77
The deteriorating war situations in both Europe and the Far East during World War 2 began forcing American warplanners to thi...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell XP-77

1945
Bell XP-83
In 1942, with World War in full swing across Europe and the Pacific, work began on an American turbo jet-powered aircraft to ...
Thumbnail picture of the Bell XP-83

1942
Berezniak-Isayev BI
Rocket- and jet-powered fighter aircraft were not the sole developments of Germany, Britain, and the United States during Wor...
Thumbnail picture of the Berezniak-Isayev BI

1945
Blackburn Firebrand
The Blackburn Firebrand was a carried-based strike fighter aircraft developed by Blackburn Aircraft of the United Kingdom. Sh...
Thumbnail picture of the Blackburn Firebrand

1940
Blohm and Voss Bv 138
The Blohm and Voss (also written as "Blohm und Voss" or "Blohm & Voss") Bv 138 was a German flying boat that saw quantitative...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss Bv 138

1941
Blohm and Voss Bv 222 Wiking (Viking)
The Blohm & Voss Bv 222 Wiking (translating to "Viking") was a large German flying boat design of World War 2. The behemoth s...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss Bv 222 Wiking (Viking)

1944
Blohm and Voss Bv 238
The mammoth Blohm & Voss Bv 238 was the next evolution in the Blohm & Voss flying boat series for Germany during World War Tw...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss Bv 238

1943
Blohm and Voss P.192
The German concern of Blohm & Voss (also Blohm und Voss) is largely remembered for their commitment to shipbuilding and its l...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss P.192

1944
Blohm and Voss P.208
Blohm and Voss, the famous German shipbuilder of World War 2 was also responsible for several of the well-known and easily re...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss P.208

1945
Blohm and Voss P.212
A major strategic oversight on the part of the German Air Ministry was not pursuing large four-engined heavy bombers to strik...
Thumbnail picture of the Blohm and Voss P.212

1943
Boeing B-29 Superfortress
B-29 Superfortress status is often associated with the atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress

1948
Boeing B-50 Superfortress
Though looking every bit the identical twin of the World War Two-era B-29 Superfortress (also produced by Boeing), the B-50 i...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing B-50 Superfortress

1944
Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter
A post-World War 2 design, the C-97 was developed by The Boeing Company from its Model 367 product - a military-minded transp...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter

1947
Boeing L-15 Scout
The L-15 Scout was a light and small observation liaison aircraft produced in limited numbers by the Boeing Aircraft Company ...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing L-15 Scout

1944
Boeing XF8B
The Boeing XF8B "do-everything" carrier-based fighter-bomber prototype of World War 2 (1939-1945) emerged at a time in Boeing...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing XF8B

1941
Boeing-Stearman Kaydet
When The Boeing Company acquired the Stearman company in 1939, it also acquired the design and production rights to the promi...
Thumbnail picture of the Boeing-Stearman Kaydet

1941
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer
The Brewster Aeronautical Corporation managed to sell the United States Navy (USN) its proposed aircraft design for a new sco...
Thumbnail picture of the Brewster SB2A Buccaneer

1943
Brewster XA-32
The United States Army Air Corps appreciated the tactical scope of the German Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 87 "Stuka" dive bombers an...
Thumbnail picture of the Brewster XA-32

1941
Brewster XSBA-1 / SBN-1
The Brewster aviation concern managed some - albeit slow - headway on their XSBA/SBN carrier aircraft. The type was a three-s...
Thumbnail picture of the Brewster XSBA-1 / SBN-1

1940
Bristol Beaufort
The Bristol Beaufort enjoyed a strong run between the war years of 1940-1943 as the primary British torpedo bomber in service...
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol Beaufort

1946
Bristol Brigand
In 1942, the British Air Ministry sought to replace its Bristol Beaufighter heavy fighter fleet with a newer, faster, twin-en...
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol Brigand

1942
CAC Boomerang
The Commonwealth Boomerang (also known as the Commonwealth Aircraft Corporation - or "CAC" - Boomerang) was of completely Aus...
Thumbnail picture of the CAC Boomerang

1941
CAC Wackett
The CAC Wackett was an indigenously designed and developed dedicated basic trainer for the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) ...
Thumbnail picture of the CAC Wackett

1941
CAC Woomera (A23)
The CAC A23 "Woomera" was a short-lived dive bomber/torpedo bomber of Australian design during World War 2. The push of Japan...
Thumbnail picture of the CAC Woomera (A23)

1940
Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2)
With the introduction of the N1 (may also be known as the CC.2), Italy became only the second nation in the world to achieve ...
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni-Campini N1 (CC.2)

1941
Consolidated B-24 Liberator
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator became a major player for Allied forces during World War 2. Its exploits ranged the world ove...
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator

1945
Consolidated B-32 Dominator
Consolidated Aircraft Corporation held an existing relationship with the United States military in delivering large, multi-en...
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated B-32 Dominator

1940
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado
By the middle of the 1930's America was no longer blind to the real possibility that the war would sooner or later be waged a...
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated PB2Y Coronado

1943
Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer
The Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer was a further development of the United States Navy's PB4Y-1 anti-submarine warfare aircraf...
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer

1944
Consolidated Vultee TBY Sea Wolf
The story of the Consolidated Vultee TBY "Sea Wolf" began with competitor Vought who earned a single prototype contract from ...
Thumbnail picture of the Consolidated Vultee TBY Sea Wolf

1949
Convair B-36 Peacemaker
If developed a few years sooner, the massive jet-powered Convair B-36 "Peacemaker" could have very well taken part in the fin...
Thumbnail picture of the Convair B-36 Peacemaker

1949
Thumbnail picture of the Convair Skate

1941
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
The Curtiss P-40 "Warhawk" series of fighter aircraft was a further development of the Curtiss P-36 "Hawk" line (detailed els...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk

1943
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
The Curtiss SB2C Helldiver was a rather unassuming dive bomber / reconnaissance aircraft serving throughout World War 2 begin...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss SB2C Helldiver

1942
Curtiss SO3C Seamew
The Curtiss SO3C "Seamew" (Curtiss Model 82) was an oft-forgotten navy reconnaissance/scout/patrol floatplane produced in qua...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss SO3C Seamew

1944
Curtiss XF14C
Curtiss Aircraft enjoyed success with its inline piston-engined P-40 "Warhawk" series of fighters which went on to serve in m...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss XF14C

1941
Curtiss XP-46
The smallish XP-46 was to be the answer for the deficiencies encountered in the P-40 Warhawk platform. Unfortunately for Curt...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss XP-46

1942
Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando
The United States Air Force utilized the C-46 Commando series as their primary transport workhorse in the Pacific Theater of ...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando

1943
Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender
The XP-55 Ascender was an unorthodox attempt by the Curtiss-Wright company that produced just three prototype models. Answeri...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender

1943
Curtiss-Wright XP-71
Prior to America's entry into World War 2 (1939-1945) in 1941, the war was viewed from an "outside-looking-in" perspective. O...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss-Wright XP-71

1948
Curtiss-Wright XP-87 / XF-87 Blackhawk
The XF-87 was a failed proposal attempted by the Curtiss-Wright aircraft design bureau to meet an Air Force requirement for t...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss-Wright XP-87 / XF-87 Blackhawk

1946
de Havilland DH.100 Vampire
The de Havilland DH.100 Vampire held two key distinctions concerning aviation history - she was the first jet-powered aircraf...
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.100 Vampire

1946
de Havilland DH.103 Hornet / Sea Hornet
From the outset, the de Havilland D.H.103 Hornet" was designed to a British requirement of a twin-engine, long-range fighter-...
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.103 Hornet / Sea Hornet

1946
de Havilland DH.108 (Swallow)
The elegant - though highly lethal - de Havilland DH.108 "Swallow" was one of the more important research aircraft for Britis...
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.108 (Swallow)

1942
de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito
Discussions of war-winning World War 2 aircraft regularly seem to leave out one of the most famous and successful of the conf...
Thumbnail picture of the de Havilland DH.98 Mosquito

1942
Dornier Do 217
The Dornier Do 217 was a multi-faceted performer for the German Luftwaffe that ended up fulfilling various roles from bomber ...
Thumbnail picture of the Dornier Do 217

1945
Dornier Do 335 Pfeil (Arrow)
The Dornier Do 335 Pfeil (or "Arrow") was one of the more unique prop-driven designs of the Second World War. Designed and pa...
Thumbnail picture of the Dornier Do 335 Pfeil (Arrow)

1946
Douglas A-1 Skyraider
The Douglas A-1 Skyraider series would have become a major contributor to warplans concerning American involvement in World W...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas A-1 Skyraider

1941
Douglas A-20 Havoc / Boston
The Douglas A-20 Havoc served Allied forces through most of World War 2, fighting for British, American and Soviet forces. Th...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas A-20 Havoc / Boston

1941
Douglas A-24 Banshee
The Douglas A-24 "Banshee" dive bomber fit the requirement of the United States Army for a capable dive bomber-type aircraft....
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas A-24 Banshee

1944
Douglas A-26 / B-26 Invader
The Douglas A-26 Invader was a distinguished twin-engine light bomber whose origins were well-placed in the Second World War....
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas A-26 / B-26 Invader

1944
Douglas BTD Destroyer
The awkward-looking Douglas BTD Destroyer was developed by the Douglas Aircraft Company for use on American carriers in World...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas BTD Destroyer

1940
Douglas C-47 Skytrain / Dakota
The C-47 Skytrain was a product of the Douglas Aircraft Company and is regarded as the best transport of World War 2. Interes...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas C-47 Skytrain / Dakota

1942
Douglas C-54 Skymaster (DC-4)
Derived from the commercial DC-4 airliner, the C-54 Skymaster was a workhorse transport aircraft for both the United States A...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas C-54 Skymaster (DC-4)

1947
Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak (Phase 1)
World War 2 (1939-1945) sparked a research boom for American aviation - particularly concerning the realm of transonic/supers...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas D-558-1 Skystreak (Phase 1)

1948
Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket (Phase 2)
Prior to the end of World War 2 (1939-1945), the US Navy teamed with National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics ("NACA" - fo...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas D-558-2 Skyrocket (Phase 2)

1942
Douglas P-70 Nighthawk
To shore up its need for a dedicated night fighter in 1940, the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) went ahead with modified...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas P-70 Nighthawk

1941
Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)
Douglas Aircraft played a major role in American aviation from the 1920s into the 1960s, encompassing the Golden Age of Fligh...
Thumbnail picture of the Douglas XB-19 (XBLR-2)

1945
Fairchild AC-119 Shadow / Stinger
The AC-119 series was a modified "G" model of the successful C-119 "Flying Boxcar" transport aircraft. The AC-119's would see...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairchild AC-119 Shadow / Stinger

1947
Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar
Fairchild Corporation produced a winner in the post-war world with the introduction of the C-119 "Flying Boxcar". The Boxcar ...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar

1943
Fairey Firefly
The Fairey Firefly was a hugely successful, two-seat, carrierborne fighter aircraft serving with the Royal Fleet Air Arm thro...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Firefly

1940
Fairey Fulmar
The Fairey Fulmar became the British Fleet Air Arm's first dedicated monoplane fighter when it was introduced in 1940. The ty...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Fulmar

1945
Fairey Spearfish
Fairey Aviation, founded as early as 1915, had been designing, developing and building warplanes since World War 1 (1914-1918...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Spearfish

1943
Fiat G.55 Centauro (Centaur)
Undoubtedly, the Fiat G.55 Centauro (Centaur) served as Italy's best fighter design of World War 2. The type made use of a li...
Thumbnail picture of the Fiat G.55 Centauro (Centaur)

1944
Fieseler Fi 103R (Reichenberg)
The Fiseler Fi 103R was, in essence, the piloted form of the successful V-1 rocket that terrorized London citizens throughout...
Thumbnail picture of the Fieseler Fi 103R (Reichenberg)

1943
Fisher XP-75 / P-75 Eagle
General Motors became a major player in the American manufacturing realm when World War 2 arrived for the United States. With...
Thumbnail picture of the Fisher XP-75 / P-75 Eagle

1942
Flettner Fl 282 Kolibri (Hummingbird)
The helicopter, as a viable war weapon, was not the sole historical domain of the Vietnam War - nor the Korean War before it ...
Thumbnail picture of the Flettner Fl 282 Kolibri (Hummingbird)

1940
Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Uhu (Owl)
The Focke-Wulf brand Fw 189 Uhu (translated to "Owl") was of the most peculiar aircraft design for the German Luftwaffe in th...
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Fw 189 Uhu (Owl)

1941
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 (Wurger)
While the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter/fighter-bomber became the iconic German fighter of World War 2 (1939-1945), the Luftwa...
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 (Wurger)

1942
Focke-Wulf Fw 191
The Fw 191 was the Focke-Wulf submission to the German Air Ministry's "Bomber B" program of 1939. Authorities were sold on th...
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Fw 191

1945
Focke-Wulf Ta 152
The Focke-Wulf Ta 152 was a short-lived, high-level interceptor fielded by the German Luftwaffe in the latter part of World W...
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Ta 152

1944
Focke-Wulf Ta 154 Moskito (Mosquito)
The Ta 154 Moskito ("Mosquito") was another product of the Focke-Wulf aircraft design firm operating for the Third Reich. The...
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Ta 154 Moskito (Mosquito)

1945
Focke-Wulf Ta 183 (Huckebein)
By late in World War 2, German authorities had already made a stout commitment to the production of fighters over bombers. Se...
Thumbnail picture of the Focke-Wulf Ta 183 (Huckebein)

1944
Gloster / Armstrong Whitworth Meteor
The Gloster Meteor became Britain's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft. It reached operational status in the latt...
Thumbnail picture of the Gloster / Armstrong Whitworth Meteor

1945
Gotha Go P.60A/B
The Gotha P.60 was a highly-modified version of the famous Horten Ho 229 "flying wing" appearing in the latter stages of Worl...
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha Go P.60A/B

1945
Gotha Go P.60C
The Gotha Project 60C nightfighter was another late-war "paper airplane" design attempt intended to defend the Reich from the...
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha Go P.60C

1941
Gotha Go.242
After the stunning successes of German airborne troops using gliders in the opening stages of World War 2, a premium was plac...
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha Go.242

1941
Gotha Go.244
The Gotha Go.244 was based on the original Go.242 glider model of 1941 though now the design had evolved to become a twin-eng...
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha Go.244

1940
Grumman F4F Wildcat
The Grumman F4F Wildcat was the unsung hero of the Allied Pacific Theater campaign in the early years of World War 2. Often o...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman F4F Wildcat

1943
Grumman F6F Hellcat
The F6F Hellcat was the successor to - and a logical evolution of - the capable F4F Wildcat series of carrier-borne aircraft ...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman F6F Hellcat

1944
Grumman F7F Tigercat
The F7F Tigercat was another carrier-borne aircraft development in Grumman's long line of "cat" named fighters. The system wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman F7F Tigercat

1945
Grumman F8F Bearcat
In many ways, the Grumman F8F Bearcat was the pinnacle of United States piston-engine fighter design. The aircraft arrived wi...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman F8F Bearcat

1949
Grumman F9F Panther
Grumman managed a long-standing tradition of successfully fulfilling US Navy carrier-based fighter requirements. It developed...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman F9F Panther

1949
Grumman HU-16 Albatross
The Grumman HU-16 Albatross platform made appearances all across the globe with United States military forces, rescuing downe...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman HU-16 Albatross

1942
Grumman TBF Avenger
Destined never to win beauty contests, the Grumman TBF Avenger series of aircraft would go down as one of the most potent tor...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman TBF Avenger

1941
Grumman XP-50 Skyrocket
Firmly entrenched as an aircraft supplier to the United States Navy, the Grumman aircraft company set about to supply an equa...
Thumbnail picture of the Grumman XP-50 Skyrocket

1940
Handley Page Halifax
While the Lancaster Heavy Bomber will always be more identifiable in terms of the British night bombing campaigns of World Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page Halifax

1945
Hawker Sea Fury / Fury
The Hawker Sea Fury was developed out Hawker's Typhoon and Tempest aircraft designs utilized by Britain during World War 2. T...
Thumbnail picture of the Hawker Sea Fury / Fury

1941
Hawker Sea Hurricane
When the need arose for British shipping to be protected from air attack during World War 2, the land-based Hawker Hurricane ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hawker Sea Hurricane

1944
Hawker Tempest
The Hawker Tempest originally appeared as an improved Hawker Typhoon, the war-winning aircraft that effectively failed in its...
Thumbnail picture of the Hawker Tempest

1941
Hawker Typhoon
The Hawker Typhoon (affectionate known as the "Tiffie") was initially intended as a dedicated interceptor and set to succeed ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hawker Typhoon

1942
Heinkel He 111Z (Zwilling)
The He 111 Z (or "Zwilling") was a relatively successful joining of two He 111 medium-class bombers (detailed elsewhere on th...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 111Z (Zwilling)

1945
Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter)
The He 162 Volksjager (the "People's Fighter") was developed as a quick solution to stem the tide of the major Allied advance...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 162 Volksjager (Peoples Fighter)

1942
Heinkel He 177 Greif (Griffin)
The Heinkel He 177 Greif (or "Griffin") was a bomber produced in limited numbers for the German Luftwaffe. By any standard, t...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 177 Greif (Griffin)

1943
Heinkel He 219 Uhu (Eagle-Owl)
The advanced Heinkel He 219 "Uhu" (meaning "Eagle-Owl") was an impressive dedicated night-fighter platform serving the intere...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 219 Uhu (Eagle-Owl)

1941
Heinkel He 280
Though never produced in any operational format, the Heinkel He 280 series was the world's first turbojet fighter aircraft de...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 280

1944
Heinkel He 343 (Strahlbomber / Strabo 16)
Towards the end of World War 2, there was a definitive shift in German thinking from piston-powered aircraft types to jet-pow...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He 343 (Strahlbomber / Strabo 16)

1945
Heinkel He P.1077 (Julia)
1944 proved a critical year for Germany and its fabled Luftwaffe. Once a master of the skies, advanced products fielded by th...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He P.1077 (Julia)

1945
Heinkel He P.1078B
The various fighter programs of wartime Germany in World War 2 produced a bevy of fantastical design initiatives. Heinkel dev...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He P.1078B

1945
Heinkel He P.1078C
Germany's Emergency Fighter Program was enacted in the middle of July in 1944 in response to the Allied bombing offensive tak...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel He P.1078C

1944
Heinkel Lerche (Lark)
Several aviation concerns of World War 2 fame (1939-1945) delved into the concept of Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) pow...
Thumbnail picture of the Heinkel Lerche (Lark)

1942
Henschel Hs 129
The Henschel Hs 129 fighter-bomber was built to a 1937 German specification for a twin-engine close-support aircraft with con...
Thumbnail picture of the Henschel Hs 129

1945
Henschel Hs 132
The Henschel Hs 132 was another of the ambitious German jet-powered designs under development in the closing years of the Sec...
Thumbnail picture of the Henschel Hs 132

1941
Henschel Hs P.75
The Henschel Hs P.75 appeared in 1941 as a possible contender to the outmoded and outclassed Messerschmitt BF 110 "Zerstorer"...
Thumbnail picture of the Henschel Hs P.75

1948
Hiller OH-23 Raven (Model UH-12)
Hiller Aircraft began during World War 2 in 1942 under the operating name of Hiller Industries. The company carried the surna...
Thumbnail picture of the Hiller OH-23 Raven (Model UH-12)

1945
Horten Ho IX / Horten Ho 229
The Horten Ho IX (or "Horten Ho 229" - sometimes wrongly designated the "Gotha Go 229") maintains a certain level of celebrit...
Thumbnail picture of the Horten Ho IX / Horten Ho 229

1944
Horton Ho X (10)
The Horten Ho X (10) continued the Horten Brother's love affair with the flying wing concept. The concept was notably solidif...
Thumbnail picture of the Horton Ho X (10)

1945
Hughes H-4 Hercules (Spruce Goose)
This famous Howard Hughes flying boat aircraft - formally designated by Hughes Aircraft as the H-4 "Hercules" - only ever ach...
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes H-4 Hercules (Spruce Goose)

1943
Hughes Model D-2 (XP-73 / XA-37)
The Hughes Model D-2 was born around 1937 to compete for the US Army Air Corp's (USAAC) contract for a twin-boom "fast fighte...
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes Model D-2 (XP-73 / XA-37)

1946
Hughes XR-11 / XF-11
Though only achieving prototype form, the XF-11 was one of the darling designs of famed American aviator Howard Hughes. Looki...
Thumbnail picture of the Hughes XR-11 / XF-11

1941
IAR 80 / IAR 81
When first unveiled in 1938, the Romanian-produced I.A.R. 80 (IAR = Industria Aeronautica Romana) piston engine, single-seat ...
Thumbnail picture of the IAR 80 / IAR 81

1944
Ilyushin IL-10 (Beast)
The Ilyushin IL-10 was a follow-up design to the classic IL-2 "Shturmovik", an armored ground attack aircraft that won the ai...
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-10 (Beast)

1941
Ilyushin IL-2 Sturmovik
The Il-2 Sturmovik (or "Shturmovik") was designed as a low-level close-support aircraft capable of defeating enemy armor and ...
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-2 Sturmovik

1949
Ilyushin IL-28 (Beagle)
The Ilyushin IL-28 (codenamed "Beagle" by NATO) holds many distinctions in the annals of aviation history - some combat relat...
Thumbnail picture of the Ilyushin IL-28 (Beagle)

1943
Junkers Ju 187
Throughout the latter half of the 1930s and into the early 1940s, the Junkers Ju 87 "Stuka" dive bomber asserted itself as on...
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 187

1943
Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger)
When the new Junkers Ju 288 - a design meant to replace the Junkers Ju 88 series of bombers - ran into developmental issues w...
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 188 Rache (Avenger)

1943
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 252

1944
Junkers Ju 287
The Junkers Ju 287 certainly proved one of the most unique of the approved late-war, jet-powered designs for the German natio...
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 287

1944
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 388

1943
Junkers Ju 390 (New York Bomber)
The German Junkers Ju 390 long range heavy bomber aircraft design was intended to be able to strike at locations along the ea...
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers Ju 390 (New York Bomber)

1945
Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK
The "escort carrier" was adopted by the United States Navy during World War 2 (1939-1945) to provide an aircraft carrier-type...
Thumbnail picture of the Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK

1942
Kawanishi H8K (Emily)
The Empire of Japan seemed to be producing its best aircraft designs of the war towards the end of the conflict. The Kawanish...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawanishi H8K (Emily)

1943
Kawanishi N1K-J Shiden (George)
Despite some early setbacks in design, the Kawanishi N1K1-J "Shiden" (or "violet lightning" - codenamed "George" by the Allie...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawanishi N1K-J Shiden (George)

1945
Kawasaki Ki-100
Despite being produced in severely limited numbers (thanks in large part to the Allied bombing campaigns in the Pacific), the...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-100

1944
Kawasaki Ki-102 (Randy)
The two-seat, twin-engine Ki-102 was classified as a close-support/heavy fighter aircraft and developed by the Kawasaki conce...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-102 (Randy)

1944
Kawasaki Ki-45 KAIc Toryu (Nick)
Despite serving in limited numbers, fielded with no search-finding radar and appearing as the only Imperial Japanese Army nig...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-45 KAIc Toryu (Nick)

1942
Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu (Nick)
By 1937, interest in a twin-engine fighter had peaked for the Imperial Japanese Army so much so that a requirement was put fo...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu (Nick)

1940
Kawasaki Ki-48 Sokei (Lily)
The Kawasaki Ki-48 proved itself a serviceable twin-engine light bomber mount for the Japanese military of World War 2 (1939-...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-48 Sokei (Lily)

1941
Kawasaki Ki-60
The Kawasaki Ki-60 was an ultimately abandoned interceptor/fighter design that was attempted as early as 1941 with the progra...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-60

1943
Kawasaki Ki-61 Hien (Tony)
The Kawasaki Ki-61 Hien (meaning "Swallow" and codenamed "Tony" by the Allies) was another of the oft-forgotten yet impressiv...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-61 Hien (Tony)

1943
Kawasaki Ki-64 (Rob)
During the height of World War 2 (1939-1945), all major participants undertook various programs to further evolve existing we...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-64 (Rob)

1943
Kawasaki Ki-96
After witnessing the successes encountered by the German Messerschmitt Bf 110 twin-engine, two-seat heavy fighter over Europe...
Thumbnail picture of the Kawasaki Ki-96

1945
Kyushu J7W Shinden (Magnificent Lightning)
The unorthodox Kyushu J7W Shinden ("Magnificent Lightning") was a "wonder-weapon" of the Empire of Japan in the closing month...
Thumbnail picture of the Kyushu J7W Shinden (Magnificent Lightning)

1942
Kyushu K11W Shiragiku (White Chrysanthemum)
Oft-forgotten, but no less important to the Japanese war effort of World War 2, was the Kyushu K11W Shiragiku ("White Chrysan...
Thumbnail picture of the Kyushu K11W Shiragiku (White Chrysanthemum)

1945
Kyushu Q1W Tokai (Eastern Sea) / (Lorna)
The Kyushu Q1W "Tokai" (translating to "Eastern Sea" and codenamed "Lorna" by the Allies) was an anti-submarine bomber utiliz...
Thumbnail picture of the Kyushu Q1W Tokai (Eastern Sea) / (Lorna)

1947
Lavochkin La-11 (Fang)
The Lavochkin La-11 was designed from the successful Lavochkin La-9 series of piston engine fighters with the difference bein...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-11 (Fang)

1949
Lavochkin La-15 (Fantail)
A series of Lavochkin jet-powered fighter prototypes preceded the La-15 (NATO reporting name of "Fantail") tactical fighter /...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-15 (Fantail)

1942
Lavochkin La-5
Design of the Lavochkin La-5 series of low-to-medium altitude, prop-driven fighter was spurred on by a need by the Soviet Air...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-5

1944
Lavochkin La-7
The Lavochkin La-7 was an improved variant of the preceding La-5 form. It incorporated a new Shvetsov engine, uprated to inc...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-7

1946
Lavochkin La-9 (Fritz)
Lavochkin produced two notable fighters during the defense of the Soviet Union in World War 2 (1939-1945), these being the La...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin La-9 (Fritz)

1941
Lavochkin LaGG-3
The LaGG-3 piston-engine pursuit fighter (the LaGG in the designation coming from "Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov") was one of th...
Thumbnail picture of the Lavochkin LaGG-3

1944
Lippisch P.13A
Alexander Lippisch (1894-1976) became an important figure in aviation research, having earned his "wings" as an aerial photog...
Thumbnail picture of the Lippisch P.13A

1945
Lockheed C-69 Constellation
The Lockheed Constellation series of aircraft was a successful design that initially began as a militarized transport, appear...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed C-69 Constellation

1947
Lockheed P2V Neptune
The P2V Neptune series of aircraft was one of the more successful post-war designs for America, with service that spanned dec...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed P2V Neptune

1945
Lockheed P-80 / F-80 Shooting Star
The Lockheed P-80/F-80 Shooting Star is undoubtedly the world's most successful first generation jet-powered fighter. Appeari...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed P-80 / F-80 Shooting Star

1948
Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star
During World War 2, all major participants were evolving their jet programs to gain an advantage in the ongoing effort. The m...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star

1942
Lockheed XP-49
The XP-49 was a development of the Lockheed Corporation and a possible replacement for its successful line of P-38 Lightning ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed XP-49

1944
Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning
The XP-58 "Chain Lightning" was initially envisioned as a larger version of the successful Lockheed P-38 Lightning twin-boom ...
Thumbnail picture of the Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning

1941
Macchi C.202 Folgore (Thunderbolt)
The Macchi C.202 Folgore ("Thunderbolt") served as one of the top Italian-designed fighters during the critical middle years ...
Thumbnail picture of the Macchi C.202 Folgore (Thunderbolt)

1943
Macchi C.205 Veltro (Greyhound)
The Macchi C.205 "Veltro" ("Greyhound") - also known as "MC.205" - was a further evolution of the Macchi C.202 "Folgore" of 1...
Thumbnail picture of the Macchi C.205 Veltro (Greyhound)

1948
Martin AM Mauler
The Martin AM Mauler was designed to a US Navy requirement during the height of World War 2. It appeared in competition with ...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin AM Mauler

1941
Martin B-26 Marauder
The Martin B-26 Marauder overcame a rocky start to become one of the finest medium bombers of World War 2. The aircraft was d...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin B-26 Marauder

1941
Martin Baltimore
The Martin Baltimore (Model 187) was a light-/medium-class bomber whose design developed from the Martin Maryland series airc...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin Baltimore

1943
Martin JRM Mars
World War 2 proved the swan song for the flying boat, large aircraft granted boat-like hulls and high-mounted wings to allow ...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin JRM Mars

1940
Martin Maryland (A-22)
The Martin-produced Maryland series was classified as a light bomber and saw action as a photographic reconnaissance plane th...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin Maryland (A-22)

1941
Martin PBM-3 / PBM-5 Mariner
The Martin PBM-3 / PBM-5 Mariner was a World War 2-era flying boat used in the maritime reconnaissance role. Martin designed ...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin PBM-3 / PBM-5 Mariner

1949
Martin XB-51
Developed as a low-level bomber and ground attack platform for the then-United States Army Air Force (USAAF), the Martin XB-5...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin XB-51

1947
McDonnell F2H Banshee
The twin-engine, single-seat F2H Banshee was based on the successes that the McDonnell company found with the F1H Phantom ser...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell F2H Banshee

1947
McDonnell FH Phantom (FD Phantom)
The FH-1 Phantom served with the United States Navy as their first jet-powered carrer-based aircraft up until 1950 and was in...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell FH Phantom (FD Phantom)

1948
McDonnell XF-85 Goblin (Parasite Fighter)
The XF-85 Goblin was an attempt by the McDonnell bureau to realize the dream of a "parasite fighter" program that was actuall...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell XF-85 Goblin (Parasite Fighter)

1948
McDonnell XF-88 Voodoo
World War 2 proved to American warplanners that the importance of escort fighters for their bombers could not be overstated. ...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell XF-88 Voodoo

1943
McDonnell XP-67 Bat / Moonbat
The XP-67 was the first attempt by the McDonnell corporation to build a fighter for the United States Military. The same corp...
Thumbnail picture of the McDonnell XP-67 Bat / Moonbat

1944
Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet (Comet)
The German Messerschmitt Me 163 "Komet" was perhaps the most unique frontline, operational-level fighter design of World War ...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet (Comet)

1943
Messerschmitt Me 209-II
The Messerschmitt Me 209-II was a proposed successor to the far-reaching Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter. The Bf 109 was the sta...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 209-II

1944
Messerschmitt Me 262 (Schwalbe / Sturmvogel)
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was the German answer to a failing war effort heading into 1945 during World War 2 (1939-1945). It w...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 262 (Schwalbe / Sturmvogel)

1942
Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika (America)
The Messerschmitt Me 264 was intended as a long-range aircraft and reconnaissance platform that was to supply the German Luft...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 264 Amerika (America)

1942
Messerschmitt Me 309
The Messerschmitt Me 309 was one of two fighters (joining the later Me 209-II) developed by the German concern during World W...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 309

1941
Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant (Giant)
The Messerschmitt Me 321 "Gigant" ("Giant") was developed as a large cargo hauler to help supplement German airborne troop ac...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant (Giant)

1943
Messerschmitt Me 323 Gigant (Giant)
No sooner had the Messerschmitt Me 321 unpowered glider entered service that a powered version was being requested by the Ger...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 323 Gigant (Giant)

1944
Messerschmitt Me 328
The "parasite" fighter had long held an interest within the minds of aircraft engineers, particularly as new methods of propu...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 328

1943
Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse (Hornet)
The Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse ("Hornet") was, in effect, a further development of the unstable Me 210 system. Though impr...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse (Hornet)

1944
Messerschmitt Me P.1101
The Messerschmitt Me P.1101 was a swept-wing, single-seat, single-engine jet-powered fighter aircraft under development for t...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me P.1101

1944
Messerschmitt Me P.1101/92
In 1944, Messerschmitt (among other German aircraft firms) was hard at work penciling out design concepts for the German Air ...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me P.1101/92

1944
Messerschmitt Me P.1106
Realizing the limitations of the P.1101 jet-powered, variable-wing fighter design, German engineer Doctor Woldemar Voigt and ...
Thumbnail picture of the Messerschmitt Me P.1106

1941
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 / MiG-3
Despite being one of the fastest Soviet piston-engine designs in the early years of the war, the MiG-3 was dogged by less-tha...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 / MiG-3

1949
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Fagot)
The MiG-15 (codenamed "Fagot" by the United Nations in reference to a "hastily bundled pile of sticks") became the Soviet Uni...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 (Fagot)

1946
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 (Fargo)
The MiG-9 (NATO codename of "Fargo") was only the second attempt by the Soviet Union at designing and producing a viable jet-...
Thumbnail picture of the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-9 (Fargo)

1940
Thumbnail picture of the Miles M.20

1940
Mitsubishi A6M Rei-sen (Zeke / Zero)
The Mitsubishi A6M "Rei-sen" was the primary naval fighter of the Japanese Empire heading into World War 2. The aircraft was ...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi A6M Rei-sen (Zeke / Zero)

1945
Mitsubishi A7M Reppu (Sam)
Japanese engineers developed many fine fighter designs during the height of World War 2 including the famous "Zero" carrier-b...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi A7M Reppu (Sam)

1941
Mitsubishi G4M (Betty)
Like most of Imperial Japan's aircraft in the early stages of World War 2, the Mitsubishi G4M (codenamed "Betty" by the Allie...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi G4M (Betty)

1942
Mitsubishi J2M Raiden (Jack)
The J2M Raiden (meaning "Thunderbolt" and codenamed "Jack" by the Allies) was primarily used as a local defense fighter by th...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi J2M Raiden (Jack)

1945
Mitsubishi J8M (Shusui)
The Empire of Japan and the nation of Germany had maintained a relationship since Prussian authorities made diplomatic contac...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi J8M (Shusui)

1944
Mitsubishi Ki-109
The Mitsubishi Ki-109 was a specialized derivative of the Mitsubishi Ki-67 heavy bomber. The Ki-109 was designed specifically...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-109

1941
Mitsubishi Ki-46 (Dinah)
Since May of 1937, the Empire of Japan - both the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force and the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-46 (Dinah)

1940
Mitsubishi Ki-51 (Sonia)
Mitsubishi lent its considerable development and production talents to more than just "Zeroes" during World War 2. The Mitsub...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-51 (Sonia)

1944
Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryu (Peggy)
The Mitsubishi-designed Ki-67 Hiryu (translated to "flying dragon" and dubbed "Peggy" by the Allies) is oft-regarded as the b...
Thumbnail picture of the Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryu (Peggy)

1941
Nakajima B5N (Kate)
By 1941, the B5N series of torpedo bombers were considered the best of their type anywhere in the world. The system was initi...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima B5N (Kate)

1942
Nakajima B6N Tenzan (Jill)
The Nakajima B6N Tenzan (translating to "heavenly mountain") series was a capable torpedo bomber fielded by the Imperial Japa...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima B6N Tenzan (Jill)

1945
Nakajima G8N Renzan (Rita)
The Nakajima G8N Renzan (or "Mountain Range" - codenamed "Rita" by the Allies) was a heavy bomber design put forth by the Nak...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima G8N Renzan (Rita)

1942
Nakajima J1N Gekkou (Irving)
The Nakajima J1N1-S series was a dedicated nightfighting aircraft based on the J1N1 Gekko ("moonlight") reconnaissance aircra...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima J1N Gekkou (Irving)

1945
Nakajima J9Y Kikka (Orange Blossom)
The Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe" jet-powered fighter was a wartime breakthrough in the field of military fighter aircraft ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima J9Y Kikka (Orange Blossom)

1945
Nakajima Ki-115 Tsurugi
The Nakajima Ki-115 Tsuguri ("Sword") was a simplistic single-seat, single-engine suicide fighter aircraft development undert...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima Ki-115 Tsurugi

1946
Nakajima Ki-201 Karyu
The Nakajima concern of the Imperial Japanese nation of World War 2 was already charged with bringing the German Messerschmit...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima Ki-201 Karyu

1942
Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (Oscar)
By 1937, it became apparent to the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA) that a more modern replacement for the Nakajima Ki-27 was nee...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa (Oscar)

1941
Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki (Tojo)
The Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki (meaning "Demon Queller" and codenamed "Tojo" by the Allies) was a single engine monoplane intercept...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki (Tojo)

1941
Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu (Helen)
The Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu (meaning "storm dragon" and codenamed "Helen" by the Allies) heavy bomber was intended as a replace...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu (Helen)

1944
Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate (Frank)
Out of the many fine fighters available to the Japanese Army in the closing months of World War 2, none were of greater impor...
Thumbnail picture of the Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate (Frank)

1943
North American A-36 Apache (Invader)
The A-36 Apache was a United States Army version of the successful North American P-51 Mustang piston-engine fighter. The ori...
Thumbnail picture of the North American A-36 Apache (Invader)

1940
North American B-25 Mitchell
The North American B-25 Mitchell series of medium bombers went on to become one of the classic American aircraft designs to e...
Thumbnail picture of the North American B-25 Mitchell

1948
North American B-45 Tornado
Development of the XB-45 began in 1944 and continued into 1945, representing the later years of the Second World War. With re...
Thumbnail picture of the North American B-45 Tornado

1946
North American F-82 / P-82 Twin Mustang
While several aviation concerns of World War 2 (1939-1945) entertained the idea of mating two fuselages of existing successfu...
Thumbnail picture of the North American F-82 / P-82 Twin Mustang

1949
North American F-86 Sabre
The F-86 Sabre was the product of the North American Aviation Company based in the United States of America. The aircraft ser...
Thumbnail picture of the North American F-86 Sabre

1947
North American FJ-1 Fury
As with the post-World War 2 United States Air Force (USAF), the United States Navy (USN) benefitted from jet technology furt...
Thumbnail picture of the North American FJ-1 Fury

1942
North American P-51 / F-51 Mustang
The North American P-51 Mustang proved an invaluable addition to the Allied cause in the latter half of World War 2. The syst...
Thumbnail picture of the North American P-51 / F-51 Mustang

1942
North American XB-28 (Dragon)
North American, the U.S. aviation concern fondly remembered for its World War 2 contributions through the B-25 Mitchell mediu...
Thumbnail picture of the North American XB-28 (Dragon)

1941
Northrop N-1M
John "Jack" Northrop long held a fascination with the "flying wing" concept, an aircraft that did not rely on a traditional t...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop N-1M

1942
Northrop N-9M
Before the famous Northrop B-2 "Spirit" stealth bomber became a reality, Jack Northrop persevered in bringing a viable milita...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop N-9M

1943
Northrop P-61 / F-61 Black Widow
The Northrop P-61 Black Widow became the United States' first aircraft specifically designed from the outset as a platform de...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop P-61 / F-61 Black Widow

1943
Northrop XP-56 Black Bullet
The XP-56 "Black Bullet" was designed by the Northrop company to an Army Air Corps proposal known as the R-40C. The XP-56 sto...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop XP-56 Black Bullet

1945
Northrop XP-79
The concept of the flying wing had been around since the dawn of flight and made more so intriguing throughout the 1920s and ...
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop XP-79

1946
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop YB-35

1947
Thumbnail picture of the Northrop YB-49

1941
Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn)
During World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviets lacked a heavy bomber stable when compared to the British and Americans. Instead,...
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-2 (Pawn)

1941
Petlyakov Pe-3
The Petlyakov Pe-2 was an original Soviet twin-engined aircraft design emerging in the late-1930s, becoming one of the most i...
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-3

1940
Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)
During the lead-up to World War 2 (1939-1945), the Soviet Union joined Germany and Italy is providing a lesser focus on capab...
Thumbnail picture of the Petlyakov Pe-8 (TB-7)

1942
Piaggio P.108
The Piaggio P.108 was a multi-faceted airframe developed to fulfill a variety of roles for the Italians during World War 2. S...
Thumbnail picture of the Piaggio P.108

1941
Piper L-4 Grasshopper
The Piper L-4 Grasshopper evolved from the successful Piper Cub series that took to the air as early as 1930. By 1941, the US...
Thumbnail picture of the Piper L-4 Grasshopper

1941
Radioplane OQ-2
Today's multi-billion dollar UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) and drone industry held some rather modest roots in early forays c...
Thumbnail picture of the Radioplane OQ-2

1940
Reggiane Re.2000 Falco I (Falcon I)
The Reggiane 2000 series of aircraft was very reminiscent of American interwar designs appearing between 1930 and 1940. The R...
Thumbnail picture of the Reggiane Re.2000 Falco I (Falcon I)

1941
Reggiane Re.2001 Falco II (Falcon II)
While the other major global participant of World War 2 found tremendous successes with their various and numerous wartime fi...
Thumbnail picture of the Reggiane Re.2001 Falco II (Falcon II)

1942
Reggiane Re.2002 Ariete (Ram)
The original Reggiane Re.2000 "Falco" was rejected by the Italian Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) in favor of the competing Mac...
Thumbnail picture of the Reggiane Re.2002 Ariete (Ram)

1943
Reggiane Re.2005 Sagittario (Archer)
The culmination of the Reggiane Re.2000 series of Italian-originated fighter aircraft of World War 2 became the Re.2005 Sagit...
Thumbnail picture of the Reggiane Re.2005 Sagittario (Archer)

1947
Republic F-84 Thunderjet / Thunderstreak / Thunderflash
The Republic F-84 Thunderjet appeared as an American post-war design and played a pivotal role in the early years that was th...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic F-84 Thunderjet / Thunderstreak / Thunderflash

1942
Republic P-47 / F-47 Thunderbolt
While much of the romance of World War 2 dogfighting often heads in the direction of the USAAF's North American P-51 Mustang ...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic P-47 / F-47 Thunderbolt

1946
Republic XF-12 Rainbow
During World War 2, the Republic Aviation name was primarily tied to the excellent P-47 "Thunderbolt" fighter-bomber which pr...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic XF-12 Rainbow

1949
Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor
After World War 2 and during the early Cold War years, the American government now faced the Soviet Union and threat of nucle...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic XF-91 Thunderceptor

1944
Republic XP-72 Super Thunderbolt
The XP-72 Wasp Major Thunderbolt was intended to be an "ultimate" design of the highly successful P-47 Thunderbolt fighter-bo...
Thumbnail picture of the Republic XP-72 Super Thunderbolt

1940
Rogozarski IK-3
When covering the range of topics concerning aviation in World War 2, it becomes accepted practice to overlook the developmen...
Thumbnail picture of the Rogozarski IK-3

1945
Ryan FR Fireball
The Ryan FR Fireball fighter was something of a unique creation in the annals of US Navy aviation. The fighter fielded two ...
Thumbnail picture of the Ryan FR Fireball

1946
Ryan XF2R Dark Shark
The Ryan "Dark Shark" was an impressive developmental hybrid fighter design considered for service with both the United State...
Thumbnail picture of the Ryan XF2R Dark Shark

1945
Saab J 21
The Saab 21 series of fighter aircraft was of a most unique design - in more ways then one. The system was drawn up to a 1941...
Thumbnail picture of the Saab J 21

1949
Saab J 29 Tunnan (Barrel)
The Saab-produced J 29 Tunnan (meaning "barrel" due to its stubby-like barrel appearance) was the second jet-fighter design p...
Thumbnail picture of the Saab J 29 Tunnan (Barrel)

1947
Saunders-Roe SR.A-1
The flying boat had certainly proved its worth during combat service in World War 2 (1939-1945). Prior to the conflict, it wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Saunders-Roe SR.A-1

1941
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84
With the arrival of World War 2 in September 1939, many existing aircraft of all types were pressed into wartime service and ...
Thumbnail picture of the Savoia-Marchetti SM.84

1946
Short S45 Solent
The Golden Age of Flight encompassed the years between the two World Wars and introduced airline travel to the masses. With i...
Thumbnail picture of the Short S45 Solent

1941
Short Stirling
The Short Sterling formed the backbone of British RAF heavy bomber groups beginning in January of 1941 and forged an operatio...
Thumbnail picture of the Short Stirling

1942
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky R-4

1940
Sukhoi Su-1 / Su-3
The Su-1 (and related Su-3) fighter aircraft were short-lived prototype developments of the Soviet Sukhoi concern - essential...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-1 / Su-3

1941
Sukhoi Su-2
The Sukhoi Su-2 was the first aircraft design of Pavel Sukhoi and became a two-seat light bomber fielded by the Soviet Air Fo...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-2

1946
Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11 / Su-13 (1946)
While the concept of the turbojet engine lingered for some time, it was not put into practical use until the latter part of t...
Thumbnail picture of the Sukhoi Su-9 / Su-11 / Su-13 (1946)

1942
Supermarine Seafire
When the land-based Hawker Hurricane was successfully converted into the carrier-based "Sea Hurricane", thought was given to ...
Thumbnail picture of the Supermarine Seafire

1940
Tucker XP-57 (Peashooter)
Prior to World War 2 (1939-1944), American airpower authorities began to seriously consider the concept of a very-light-weigh...
Thumbnail picture of the Tucker XP-57 (Peashooter)

1942
Tupolev Tu-2 (Bat)
Russian aviation engineer Andrei Tupolev would lend his surname to a plethora of Soviet-era aircraft after founding his Tupol...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-2 (Bat)

1949
Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)
During World War 2, the Soviet Union was threatened by both the Empire of Japan to the East and Nazi Germany to the West. Its...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-4 (Bull)

1949
Tupolev Tu-80
In order to provide its bomber force with a long-range weapons delivery platform, Soviet engineers set to work on the new Tup...
Thumbnail picture of the Tupolev Tu-80

1943
VL Myrsky (Storm)
Prior to its war with the Soviets, Finnish authorities were contemplating an indigenous fighter design to stock its fledgling...
Thumbnail picture of the VL Myrsky (Storm)

1942
Vought F4U Corsair
One of the greatest fighter aircraft of all time, the American Vought F4U "Corsair" became the stuff of legend in its time al...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought F4U Corsair

1949
Vought F7U Cutlass
The Vought F7U "Cutlass" was an American Cold War-era naval fighter and the first swept-wing USN fighter to be adopted into s...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought F7U Cutlass

1940
Vought OS2U Kingfisher
The OS2U Kingfisher was a product of the Vought aircraft firm, appearing initially as the VS.310 design to which the United S...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought OS2U Kingfisher

1942
Vought V-173 (Flying Pancake)
Charles Zimmerman (1908-1996) served as an aeronautical engineer through most of his life and operated under the Langley Memo...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought V-173 (Flying Pancake)

1943
Vought XF5U (Flying Flapjack)
The promising nature of the Vought V-173 technology demonstrator produced a US Navy fighter contract for an expanded prototyp...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought XF5U (Flying Flapjack)

1941
Vultee A-35 Vengeance
The A-35 Vengeance was a dive bomber produced by the Vultee Aircraft Company and resulted in over a thousand examples being u...
Thumbnail picture of the Vultee A-35 Vengeance

1944
Vultee XA-41
It was during September of 1942 that the United States Army commissioned the Vultee Aircraft concern to develop a viable sing...
Thumbnail picture of the Vultee XA-41

1943
Vultee XP-54 Swoose Goose
The Vultee XP-54 was one of the more distinct aircraft creations designed during World War 2. Produced through the essentiall...
Thumbnail picture of the Vultee XP-54 Swoose Goose

1945
Vultee XP-81
The Consolidated Vultee XP-81 was a proposed long-range, high-altitude fighter design that was to be the answer for bomber es...
Thumbnail picture of the Vultee XP-81

1942
Waco CG-4 (Hadrian)
A new aerial war tactic was developed in World War 2 called "vertical envelopment" in which paratroopers dropped behind enem...
Thumbnail picture of the Waco CG-4 (Hadrian)

1944
Westland Welkin
With its origins in the Westland Whirlwind, the Westland Welkin (meaning "Vault of Heaven") was a twin-engined fighter design...
Thumbnail picture of the Westland Welkin

1940
Westland Whirlwind
The Westland Whirlwind became a capable twin-engined, heavy fighter design that might have seen even better service numbers w...
Thumbnail picture of the Westland Whirlwind

1940
Yakovlev Yak-1 (Krasavyets)
Often overshadowed by its contemporaries in the West (to include the Supermarine Spitfire, North American P-51 Mustang, Messe...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-1 (Krasavyets)

1947
Yakovlev Yak-15 (Feather)
After the fall of Germany in May of 1945, the Soviet Union (as well as the Allies) was privy to pieces of captured data regar...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-15 (Feather)

1947
Yakovlev Yak-17
The Yak-17 was a solid operator in service with the Soviet Union. As a post-World War Two design, the system had its roots in...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-17

1946
Yakovlev Yak-18 (Max)
During World War 2 (1939-1945), the Yakovlev UT-2 served as the standardized, primary aircraft trainer/fighter-trainer of Sov...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-18 (Max)

1947
Yakovlev Yak-23
The Yakovlev Yak-23 was the final iteration of the post-war turbojet designs beginning with the Yak-15 and continuing in the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-23

1944
Yakovlev Yak-3
The Yakovlev Yak-3 was a further development of the Yak-1 series of fighters (detailed elsewhere on this site) and was well r...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-3

1948
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-30

1949
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-50

1943
Yakovlev Yak-9 (Frank)
In line with other classic wartime fighters of World War 2, the Yakovlev-produced Yak-9 was another excellent piston-engine a...
Thumbnail picture of the Yakovlev Yak-9 (Frank)

1942
Yokosuka D4Y Suisei (Judy)
The Yokosuka D4Y Suisei (translating to "Comet" and nicknamed "Judy" by the Allies) was a capable dive bomber serving the Imp...
Thumbnail picture of the Yokosuka D4Y Suisei (Judy)

1945
Yokosuka MXY7-K1 Ohka (Cherry Blossom)
The Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka (translated to "Cherry Blossom") was a single-seat, pilot-guided suicide fighter proposed and produced...
Thumbnail picture of the Yokosuka MXY7-K1 Ohka (Cherry Blossom)