Military Factory
Military Factory

Aircraft from 1910 - 1919

Authored By Staff Writer | Last Updated: 2/25/2014

The engine of war drove aircraft to all-new heights and more - the fighter, bomber and armed scout platforms were all realized, paving the way for commercial flight.

There are a total of 132 Aircraft from 1910 - 1919 in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order. Flag images indicative of country of origin.




1916
AEG C.IV
The C.IV was a twin-seat biplane aircraft produced by the German firm of Allgemeine Elektrizitats-Gesellschaft (or simply "AE...
Thumbnail picture of the AEG C.IV

1916
AEG G.IV
The AEG G.IV was another successful product of the Allgemeine Elektritzitats Gesellschaft aircraft corporation and was an ama...
Thumbnail picture of the AEG G.IV

1916
Aeromarine 39
The Aeromarine 39 was a two-seat plane for land-based or seaplane training ordered by the US Navy in 1917. The versatile air...
Thumbnail picture of the Aeromarine 39

1918
Aeromarine 40
The Aeromarine Model 40 (or simply "Aeromarine 40") was a two-seat flying boat trainer aircraft serving the United States Nav...
Thumbnail picture of the Aeromarine 40

1915
AGO C.II
The AGO C.II was the product of the Aerowerke Gustav Otto (abbreviated as "AGO") concern and is considered by some as one of ...
Thumbnail picture of the AGO C.II

1915
Airco DH.2
Geoffrey de Havilland was hired by the Airco firm in June of 1914 as lead designer and quickly lent his design talents to dev...
Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.2

1917
Airco DH.4
With production numbering over 6,000 total units, the Airco / de Havilland DH.4 was another one of Geoffrey de Havilland's su...
Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.4

1917
Airco DH.5
With the view afforded the pilots of the DH.2, famed aircraft designer Geoffrey de Havilland set out to create a similar, yet...
Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.5

1917
Airco DH.9
The AirCo / de Havilland DH.9 was a further revision of the DH.4 bomber. Design was accomplished by the de Havilland company ...
Thumbnail picture of the Airco DH.9

1914
Albatros B.II
The Albatros B.II was a reconnaissance biplane used in the early years of the First World War, particularly on the German sid...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros B.II

1915
Albatros C.I
The Albatros C.I series of aircraft was the next evolution in the brand's reconnaissance aircraft line. Stemming from the dev...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.I

1915
Albatros C.III
Continuing in the long line of short-term reconnaissance biplane designs, the German Air Force fielded the Albatros C.III in ...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.III

1916
Albatros C.V
The Albatros C.V can, in some ways, be approached as a step backwards in the progression of the C-series as a whole. Though t...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.V

1917
Albatros C.X
The Albatros production of the C.X model continued the firm's commitment to producing capable reconnaissance biplane aircraft...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros C.X

1916
Albatros D.I
The Albatros Flugzeugwerke firm certainly made a name for itself in World War 1. It was responsible for a series of well-resp...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.I

1916
Albatros D.II
Albatros produced a variety of capable fighter mounts throughout World War 1 and the original D.I series proved instrumental ...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.II

1917
Albatros D.III
While the Albatros D.I proved critical in winning back air superiority for the Germans in early 1917, it was not a perfect al...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.III

1917
Albatros D.V
At the time of its inception, the Albatros D-series of fighter aircraft (beginning with the D.I model) was a stellar gunnery ...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.V

1917
Albatros D.Va
The Albatros D.I of 1916 proved instrumental in bringing air superiority back into the favor of the German Empire during Worl...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros D.Va

1917
Albatros J.I
The Albatros J.I was conceived of as a dedicated ground attack aircraft for use in the "infantry close-support role" during W...
Thumbnail picture of the Albatros J.I

1918
Ansaldo A 1 Balilla (Hunter)
The Ansaldo A 1 Balilla ("Hunter") was the first aircraft fighter design of Italian origins. Italian forces consistently used...
Thumbnail picture of the Ansaldo A 1 Balilla (Hunter)

1917
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8
The Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8 model series was a biplane aircraft conceived of by aircraft designer and Dutch national Freder...
Thumbnail picture of the Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8

1914
Aviatik B.I
The Aviatik B.I series handled reconnaissance duties for Germany in the early years of the war, serving up to about early 191...
Thumbnail picture of the Aviatik B.I

1915
Aviatik C.I
Aviatik (Automobil und Aviatikwerke) of Germany was already involved in aircraft designs from the outset of the war, graduati...
Thumbnail picture of the Aviatik C.I

1917
Aviatik D.I (Berg D.I)
The Aviatik D.I served the Austro-Hungarian Empire as a fighter and reconnaissance escort through the final years of World Wa...
Thumbnail picture of the Aviatik D.I (Berg D.I)

1913
Avro 504
Without knowing it from the outset, the Avro Type 504 series of aircraft would become one of the most produced and influentia...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 504

1916
Avro 523 Pike
Avro (A.V. Roe and Company) was founded in 1910 and based out of Manchester. The firm played a large role from World War 1 in...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 523 Pike

1917
Avro 529
The Avro 529 followed closely in line with Avro's preceding bomber attempt - the 523. Both were designed as large bomber type...
Thumbnail picture of the Avro 529

1917
Beardmore WB III / SB 3
The Beardmore WB III was nothing more than a highly-modified, navalized version of the successful land-based Sopwith Pup sing...
Thumbnail picture of the Beardmore WB III / SB 3

1918
Blackburn R.T.1 Kangaroo
The Kangaroo was the product of the Blackburn Aeroplane and Motor Company, Limited. The design began as a venture in 1916 to ...
Thumbnail picture of the Blackburn R.T.1 Kangaroo

1915
Breguet Br.M5
The Breguet Br.M5 series of biplane bomber was developed from the Breguet Br.M4. The Br.M5 was operated by a crew of two with...
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Br.M5

1917
Breguet Bre.14
French aviation design triumphed with the arrival of the Breguet Bre.14 series (sometimes written as Breguet Br.XIV). The air...
Thumbnail picture of the Breguet Bre.14

1917
Bristol F.2
The Bristol F.2 fighter series operated throughout the British Empire for decades, serving through World War 1 and through th...
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol F.2

1914
Bristol Scout
The Bristol Scout was born from a racing aircraft and was, therefore, based upon an excellent performance pedigree. However, ...
Thumbnail picture of the Bristol Scout

1917
C.23 (Coastal Class)
C.23 Coastal Class airship served the British Royal Navy during World War 1 (1914-1918). The aircraft was constructed in 1916...
Thumbnail picture of the C.23 (Coastal Class)

1915
Caproni Ca.1
While the British Handley Page and German Gotha bombers receive their fair share of notoriety in World War 1 text, both Italy...
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.1

1917
Caproni Ca.3
The Caproni Ca.36 represented the definitive model in the C-bomber series debuted in 1914 as the C.31. The Ca.36 was a tremen...
Thumbnail picture of the Caproni Ca.3

1915
Caudron G.4
The Caudron G.4 series was a twin-engine bomber platform introduced in the early years of World War 1 by the French. The syst...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron G.4

1918
Caudron R.11
The Caudron R.11 was initially developed as an armed reconnaissance platform for the French Air Service and found its niche a...
Thumbnail picture of the Caudron R.11

1910
Coanda 1910
This invention by Romanian inventor Henri Coanda amazingly appeared in 1910 as the world's first jet-propelled aircraft - jus...
Thumbnail picture of the Coanda 1910

1917
Curtiss H-16
In 1911, the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company unveiled their Model D, a biplane aircraft powered by a single Curtiss E-4 e...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss H-16

1915
Curtiss JN-4 (Jenny)
The much-loved Curtiss JN-4 "Jenny" two-seat trainer aircraft was utilized in a myriad of ways throughout her operational car...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss JN-4 (Jenny)

1918
Curtiss NC (Navy Curtiss / Nancy Boat)
World War 1 in Europe prompted all military industries to develop and produce various solutions to ongoing (and some new) pro...
Thumbnail picture of the Curtiss NC (Navy Curtiss / Nancy Boat)

1916
DFW C.V
The DFW C.V series of biplane aircraft was of German design in World War 1. The system was particularly noted for its good ha...
Thumbnail picture of the DFW C.V

1917
Dorand AR
The Dorand AR series was developed for the French air service to replace the outmoded, two-seat Farman F.40 observation aircr...
Thumbnail picture of the Dorand AR

1917
Fairey Campania
The British became big proponents and pioneers of naval aviation during World War 1. War had broken out in Europe during the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey Campania

1918
Fairey III
The British war effort of World War 1 (1914-1918) brought about many new aircraft developments. Fairey Aviation was one contr...
Thumbnail picture of the Fairey III

1914
Farman MF.11 Shorthorn
The Farman MF.11 "Shorthorn" was a development of French aeronautical engineering and was essentially an early-war biplane de...
Thumbnail picture of the Farman MF.11 Shorthorn

1917
Thumbnail picture of the Felixstowe F.2

1917
Felixstowe F.5
The Felixstowe F.5 series originated in the United Kingdom as a militarized flying boat in the last year of World War 1 (1918...
Thumbnail picture of the Felixstowe F.5

1918
Fokker D.VII
The Fokker Dr.VII is now regarded as the best German fighter of the First World War. This biplane design entered development ...
Thumbnail picture of the Fokker D.VII

1918
Fokker D.VIII
The Fokker D.VIII was a rare monoplane design of World War 1 and regarded as one of the best fighters of the German Empire in...
Thumbnail picture of the Fokker D.VIII

1917
Fokker Dr.I (Dreidecker) Triplane
The Fokker Dr.I ("Dr" for "Dreidecker" meaning "triplane") series is most closely associated with Manfred von Richthofen (aka...
Thumbnail picture of the Fokker Dr.I (Dreidecker) Triplane

1915
Fokker E (Eindecker) Monoplane
As with most aircraft developed during World War 1, the Eindecker series enjoyed a relatively short period of time at the fro...
Thumbnail picture of the Fokker E (Eindecker) Monoplane

1917
Friedrichshafen G.III
The Friedrichshafen G.III was a medium bi-plane class bomber utilized by the German Empire in World War 1 and designed by the...
Thumbnail picture of the Friedrichshafen G.III

1916
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha G.IV

1917
Gotha G.V
With the Germans having gained critical territory up to the Belgian coast in 1914, thoughts to the bombing of targets within ...
Thumbnail picture of the Gotha G.V

1918
Halberstadt CL.IV
The CL.IV was a further development of the CL.II design, both aircraft a product of Halberstadt Flugzeugwerke of Germany. The...
Thumbnail picture of the Halberstadt CL.IV

1918
Handley Page H.P. O/400
The O/400 model series by Handley Page aircraft firm was the principle heavy bomber of the RAF by the end of the First World ...
Thumbnail picture of the Handley Page H.P. O/400

1916
Hanriot HD.1
Despite its French origins, the Hanriot HD.1 biplane fighter saw extensive service with the Belgian and Italian air services ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hanriot HD.1

1914
Hansa-Brandenburg B.I (Type D/FD)
Ernst Heinkel - whose German firm Heinkel would gain some level of notoriety in World War 2 - designed a series of reconnaiss...
Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg B.I (Type D/FD)

1916
Hansa-Brandenburg C.I (Type LDD)
The Hansa-Brandenburg C.I was a two-seat reconnaissance aircraft seeing action with the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War ...
Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg C.I (Type LDD)

1916
Hansa-Brandenburg D.I (Type KD)
The D.I was another of Ernst Heinkel's aircraft designs for the Hansa-Brandenburg firm (known formally as Hansa und Brandenbu...
Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg D.I (Type KD)

1917
Hansa-Brandenburg W.12
The Hansa-Brandenburg W.12 was a two-seat floatplane fighter seaplane design serving the German Empire through the final year...
Thumbnail picture of the Hansa-Brandenburg W.12

1918
Junkers CL.I
The Junkers CL.I was something of a break-through aircraft design for its time, appearing during the latter stages of World W...
Thumbnail picture of the Junkers CL.I

1915
Lebed Type XII
The Russian Empire did not field many indigenous aircraft designs during World War 1, instead relying on purchase or local pr...
Thumbnail picture of the Lebed Type XII

1915
Lloyd C.II
The Lloyd C.II was a reconnaissance biplane fielded by the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War 1, with service of the type b...
Thumbnail picture of the Lloyd C.II

1915
Lohner B.VII
The Lohner B.VII was a two-seat reconnaissance aircraft produced by and for the Austro-Hungarian Empire during World War 1. W...
Thumbnail picture of the Lohner B.VII

1916
Lohner C.I
The Lohner C.I was nothing more than the armed version of the two-seat Lohner B.VII reconnaissance aircraft fielded by the Au...
Thumbnail picture of the Lohner C.I

1915
LVG B (Series)
Prior to production of military aircraft, the LVG concern ("Luft-Verkehrs-Gesellschaft") was focused on manufacture of dirigi...
Thumbnail picture of the LVG B (Series)

1915
LVG C.II
The LVG C.II was a limited-production reconnaissance scout plane utilized by the German Empire during World War 1. She hersel...
Thumbnail picture of the LVG C.II

1917
LVG C.V
The LVG C.V was a general-purpose, two-seat reconnaissance aircraft utilized by the German air service in World War 1. Despit...
Thumbnail picture of the LVG C.V

1918
LVG C.VI
The LVG C.VI became one of the final German two-seat aircraft to see quantitative production in World War 1 and appeared as a...
Thumbnail picture of the LVG C.VI

1917
Macchi M.5
The Italian concern of Macchi was founded in 1912 by Giulio Macchi out of Varese, Italy. Despite Italy being a member of the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Macchi M.5

1918
Thumbnail picture of the Macchi M.7

1918
Martin MB-1 / Glenn Martin Bomber
The Martin MB-1 (also known as the "Glenn Martin Bomber") became the first American-designed heavy bomber type to be purchase...
Thumbnail picture of the Martin MB-1 / Glenn Martin Bomber

1918
Martinsyde F.4 Buzzard
The Martinsyde F.4 "Buzzard" was a British-designed, single-seat fighting biplane appearing in the latter months of World War...
Thumbnail picture of the Martinsyde F.4 Buzzard

1915
Morane-Saulnier Type N
The Moraine-Saulnier Type N (or simply "Moraine-Saulnier N") was a French fighter aircraft of the First World War. It appeare...
Thumbnail picture of the Morane-Saulnier Type N

1915
Nieuport 11 (Bebe)
The Nieuport 11 "Bebe" (or "Baby" - known officially as the "Nieuport 11 C1") was one of the first true Allied fighters of Wo...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 11 (Bebe)

1916
Nieuport 17
Fresh off of the heels of the success that was the Nieuport 11, the Nieuport 17 was a direct development intended to improve ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 17

1917
Nieuport 27
The Nieuport Nie.27 (or simply Nieuport 27) was designed by Gustave Delage and became an advanced trainer and frontline fight...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 27

1917
Nieuport 28
The French-built Nieuport 28 fighter was the third of the successful trilogy of "Nieuport Fighting Scouts" that included the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Nieuport 28

1918
NS7
...
Thumbnail picture of the NS7

1917
Pfalz D.III
The Pfalz D.III was an exceptional aircraft produced in large numbers by Bavaria for Bavarian forces and; later, Imperial Ger...
Thumbnail picture of the Pfalz D.III

1917
Phonix C.I
The Phonix C.I was a rather simplistic two-seat armed reconnaissance fighter utilized by the Austro-Hungarian Empire during W...
Thumbnail picture of the Phonix C.I

1917
Phonix D (Series)
The Phonix D.I was a single-seat fighter platform developed and produced by the Phonix Flugzeug-Werke firm in Germany. The ai...
Thumbnail picture of the Phonix D (Series)

1915
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2
The F.E.2 series of aircraft were produced by the Royal Aircraft Factory and had their origins in the F.E.1, a 1910 design by...
Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2

1916
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8
The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 ("F.E." for "Fighter Experimental") was developed in 1915 and released as an operational air...
Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8

1917
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5
The Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 ("S.E." for "Scout Experimental") was designed from the outset as an aircraft with a "green"...
Thumbnail picture of the Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5

1916
Rumpler 6B
The Rumpler concern has become a largely forgotten aviation manufacturer when pitted alongside the likes of Albatros and Fokk...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler 6B

1914
Rumpler B.I
While discussions of World War 1 (1914-1918) aircraft inevitably turn to Fokkers, SPADs and Sopwiths, the Rumpler concern pro...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler B.I

1915
Rumpler C.I
Austrian-born engineer Edmund Rumpler settled his Rumpler Flugzeugwerke concern in 1909 and began by producing copies of the ...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.I

1916
Rumpler C.III
Rumpler Flugzeugwerke followed their Rumpler C.I biplane reconnaissance aircraft with the improved C.III series. The Rumpler ...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.III

1917
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.IV

1917
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.VII

1917
Rumpler C.VIII
The aircraft, as a viable standalone weapon of war, emerged in World War 1 (1914-1918) along with the "tank". Rivaling the ne...
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler C.VIII

1917
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler D.I

1915
Thumbnail picture of the Rumpler G.I

1918
Salmson 2
The French Salmson concern was founded in 1890 by Emile Salmson and produced a variety of automobiles prior to World War 1. J...
Thumbnail picture of the Salmson 2

1915
Thumbnail picture of the Short Type 184

1916
Siemens-Schuckert D.I
Siemens-Schuckert D.I aircraft were in fact reverse-engineered copies of the French-made Nieuport 11. So desperate was German...
Thumbnail picture of the Siemens-Schuckert D.I

1917
Siemens-Schuckert D.III
The Siemens-Schuckert D series of fighters evolved from captured French-made Nieuport 11 aircraft. The D.III appeared as an i...
Thumbnail picture of the Siemens-Schuckert D.III

1918
Siemens-Schuckert D.IV
The Siemens-Schuckert D.IV was a further development of the D-series brand, itself a copy of the spectacular French Nieuport ...
Thumbnail picture of the Siemens-Schuckert D.IV

1915
Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz (Series)
The Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz series of aircraft were the world's first four-engine bombers in operational service. Igor Sikors...
Thumbnail picture of the Sikorsky Ilya Mourometz (Series)

1916
Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)
Like other Sopwith Aviation Company aircraft, the wartime Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter owed its existence to the arrival of the Sop...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter)

1915
Sopwith Baby
Sopwith Aviation was founded in 1912 by Thomas Sopwith (1888-1989) at Kingston upon Thames in London. At its peak, it employe...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Baby

1917
Sopwith Camel
Though the Sopwith Camel (the official designation being Sopwith Biplane F.1) was designed as a replacement for the Sopwith P...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Camel

1917
Sopwith Dolphin
The Sopwith Dolphin was yet another fighter design in the long line of Thomas Sopwith production aircraft during World War 1....
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Dolphin

1916
Sopwith Pup
The Sopwith Pup appeared in 1916 at a time when the Allies were coming up against what would be known as the "Fokker Scourge"...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Pup

1918
Sopwith Rhino
Lost in the discussions concerning Sopwith aircraft of World War 1 was the Sopwith "Rhino", an interesting triplane bomber gi...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Rhino

1918
Sopwith Snipe
The Sopwith Snipe took all of the components that had made the Sopwith Camel a legend in the middle years of World War 1 and ...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Snipe

1914
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Tabloid

1916
Sopwith Triplane
The Sopwith Triplane (dubbed the "Triplehound" by her pilots) was a three wing design built upon the successes of the Sopwith...
Thumbnail picture of the Sopwith Triplane

1916
SPAD S.VII
The SPAD S.VII (or "S.7") was one of France's best single-seat fighters of World War 1 (1914-1918). The type epitomized the q...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.VII

1917
SPAD S.XI
The storied engineering career of Frenchman Louis Bechereau spanned decades and several popular designs during World War 1 (...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XI

1917
SPAD S.XII
French flying ace Georges Guynemer pushed the idea of a cannon-armed fighter plane after his experiences in aircraft such as ...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XII

1917
SPAD S.XIII
The SPAD S.XIII (S.13) was a further development of the successful SPAD S.VII (S.7) design, the latter eventually becoming ou...
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIII

1918
Thumbnail picture of the SPAD S.XIV

1918
SSZ 65
...
Thumbnail picture of the SSZ 65

1917
Standard J-1
The Standard J-1 appeared in the First World War and served the United States Army Air Service in the role of trainer. The sy...
Thumbnail picture of the Standard J-1

1918
Ufag C.I
The Ufag C.I was a two-seat, single-engine biplane fighter serving the Austro-Hungarian Empire air services. The aircraft mad...
Thumbnail picture of the Ufag C.I

1915
Vickers FB.5
The FB.5 (also known as the "Gunbus") was of a biplane type design for the scouting role. What set the system apart from earl...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers FB.5

1919
Vickers Vimy
The Vimy was designed to a Royal Air Force (RAF) requirement for a night bomber with inherently long endurance intended to re...
Thumbnail picture of the Vickers Vimy

1915
Voisin Type 5
The French Voisin Type 5 bomber was developed from the proven Voisin III series and saw action in the First World War. Though...
Thumbnail picture of the Voisin Type 5

1918
Vought VE-7 Bluebird
In 1917 Mr. Birdseye B. Lewis formed an aircraft business with the Vought group, becoming the Lewis & Vought Corporation in t...
Thumbnail picture of the Vought VE-7 Bluebird

1915
Zeppelin L.10 (LZ-40)
The Zeppelin was a rigid, "lighter-than-air" manned aircraft developed by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the latter p...
Thumbnail picture of the Zeppelin L.10 (LZ-40)

1916
Zeppelin L.32 (LZ-74)
The German Zeppelin L.32 (production designation of "LZ-74") served the Imperial German Navy (German Naval Airship Division) ...
Thumbnail picture of the Zeppelin L.32 (LZ-74)

1917
Zeppelin L.52 (LZ-98)
The Zeppelin was a principle weapon of both the German Army and Navy concerning World War 1 (1914-1918). Dozens were produced...
Thumbnail picture of the Zeppelin L.52 (LZ-98)

1914
Zeppelin Z.XII (LZ-26)
First flown on December 14th, 1914, the military-minded Zeppelin "LZ-26" became one of the more successful of the German Empi...
Thumbnail picture of the Zeppelin Z.XII (LZ-26)